CBSE Class 12 Social Science The Making of a global world Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 12 Social Science The Making of a global world Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 12 Social Science. Standard 12 students should practise questions and answers given here for Social Science in Grade 12 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 12 Social Science prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

The Making Of A Global World Class 12 Social Science Assignment Pdf

Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for The Making Of A Global World in standard 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 12 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 12 Social Science Assignment for The Making Of A Global World

Short Answer Questions
Q.1:- What was the importance of the Indian trade for the British?
1. Trade Surplus – Britain had a Trade Surplus with Indian. Britain used this Surplus to balance its trade deficit with other countries.
2. Home Charges – Britain’s trade Surplus in India also helped to pay the so called home charges that included private remittance home by British officials and traders, interest payments on India’s external debt and pensions of British officials in India.
3. Major Supplier of cotton – India remained a major supplier of raw cotton to British which was required to feed the cotton textile industry of Britain.
4. Supplier if indenture workers – Many indenture workers from Bihar, U.P., central India migrated to other countries to work in mines and plantations.
Q.2:- How Bretton Woods System Worked?
1. The international monetary system is the system linking national currencies and monetary system.
2. The Briton woods system was based on fixed exchange rates. In this system the national currencies were pegged to the dollar at a fixed exchange rate.
3. The Bretton woods system inaugurated an era of unprecedented growth of trade and incomes for the western industrial nations.
Q.3: - What were the effects of the British Government’s decision to abolish the corn laws?
1. Food could be imported into Britain more cheaply than it would be produced within the country.
2. British agriculture was unable to compete with imports. Vast Areas of land were left uncultivated and people started migrating to cities or other countries.
3. As food prices fell, consumption in Britain rose. Faster industrial growth in Britain also led to higher incomes and therefore more food imports.
4. Around the world in eastern Europe, Russia, America and Australia land were cleared and food production expanded to meet the British demand.
Q.4: - What were the advantages of invention of refrigerated ship?
1. This reduced the shipping costs and lowered meat prices in Europe.
2. The poor in Europe could now consume a more varied diet.
3. To the earlier, monotony of Bread and Potatoes many, not all could add meat, butter or egg.
4. Better living conditions promoted social peace within the country and support for imperialism abroad.
Long Answers Type Questions
Q.1: - Explain the impacts of the First World War?
1. It was the first modern industrial was which involved industrial nations.
2. Machine guns, tanks, aircraft, chemical weapons etc are used on a massive scale.
3. Unthinkable death and destruction.
4. Most of the people killed and injured were man of working age.
5. Declined the household income.
6. Men were forced to join in the war.
7. Women slapped into undertake jobs which they were not used to.
Q.2: - What were the effects of the great Depression on the Indian economy?
1. The economy depression immediately affected Indian Trade, as India’s exports and imports nearly halved between 1928-1934
2. Agriculture prices fell sharply, but the colonial government refused to reduce revenues. Peasants producing for the world markets were worst hit.
3. Raw jute was produced, processed in the industries to make gunny bags. Its exports collapsed and prices fell by 60% peasants of Bengal fell into debt traps.
4. Peasants used up their savings mortgaged lands and sold their precious jewelry to meet their expanses.
Q.3: - 19th century indenture has been described as a ‘New system of slavery’. Explain .
In the 19th century, hundreds of thousands of Indians and Chinese laborers went to work on plantations in mines and in mines and in road and railways construction projects around the world.
1. In India, indentures laborers were hired under contracts which promises return travel to India after they had worked for five years on plantations.
2. Gradually in India cottage industries declined, land rents rose, land were cleared for mines and plantations. All this affected the lines of the poor. They failed to pay their rents become indebted, and were forced to migrate in search of work.
3. The main destinations of Indian indentured migrants were the Caribbean islands, Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, Mauritius, Fiji and Ceylon and Malaya.
4. Recruitment was done by agent engaged by employers and paid small commission.
Q.4: - “One important feature of the US economy in the 1920’s was mass production.” Explain.
1. A well known pioneer of mass production was the car manufacturer, ‘Henry Ford’.
2. He adopted an assembly line technique of a slaughter house.
3. He realized that the ‘Assembly line’ method would allow a faster and cheaper way of producing vehicles.
4. This method forced workers to repeat a single task mechanically and continuously
5. This was a way of increasing output per worker by speeding up the pace of work.
6. This doubling go daily wages was considered ‘best cost – cutting decision’ he had ever made.
Multiple Choice Questions
Q.1: - What was the Bretton wood system?
(a) Post war the military system
(b) Post war political system
(c) Post war international economic system
(d) None of these
Q.2: - What did indentured labour mean?
(a) Cheap Labour (b) Free Labour
(c) Bonded Labour (d) None of these
Q.3: - What were ‘Canal Colonies’?
(a) Large Colonies (b) Sea Ports
(c) Large Canals (d) Irrigated areas
Q.4: - Which food traveled west from china to be called “Spaghetti’?
(a) Soya (b) Groundnuts
(c) Potato (d) Noodles
Q.5: - Which disease spread like wild fire in Africa in the 1890’s?
(a) Cattle plague (b) Small pox
(c) Pneumonia (d) None of these
Q.6: - Which was the Tabled city of gold?
(a) Peru (b) Mexico
(c) El Doeodo (d) Spain
Q.7: - Who adopted the concept of assembly line to produce automobiles?
(a) Samuel Morse (b) Henry Ford
(c) T. Cuppla (d) Imam Husain
Q.8: - The Descendants of indentures workers is a Noble Prize winning writer is-
(a) Bob Morley (b) V. S. Naipaul
(c) Amartya Sen (d) Ram Naresh Sarwan
Q.9: - The great Depression begin in
(a) 1927 (b) 1928 (c) 1929 (d) 1930
Q.10: - The Chutney music popular in-
(a) North America (b) South America
(c) Japan (d) China
Q.11: - Rinderpest is a?
(a) Cattle disease in Africa (b) Cattle disease in China
(c) Cattle disease in India (d) Cattle disease in Russia
Q.12: - Which of the following is not a economic exchange?
(a) Flow of Labour (b) Flow of Capital
(c) Flow of Knowledge (d) Flow of Trade
Answer Key 
1. ( c ) 2. ( c ) 3. ( d ) 4. ( d ) 5. ( a ) 6. ( c ) 7. ( b )
8. ( b ) 9. ( c ) 10. ( b ) 11. ( a ) 12. ( c )

More Questions and Answers for NCERT Class 10 The Making of a Global World

1. Elucidate any three factors that let to the Great Depression.

Answer : (i) Agricultural overproduction remained a problem and it was made worse by falling agricultural prices.

(ii) As prices slumped and agricultural incomes declined, farmers tried to expand production and bring a large volume of produce to the market but it pushed down prices.

(iii) In the mid 1920s, many countries financed their investments through loans from the US, it was extremely easy to raise loans in the US when the going was good.

(iv) But in the first half of the 1920’s, countries that depended crucially on US loan faced an acute crisis.

(v) The withdrawal of the US loans affected the rest of the world in different ways. In Europe, it led to the failure of small major banks and the collapse of currencies, such as the British Pound Sterling.

2. The multinational companies (MNCs) choose China as an alternative location for investment? Explain the statement.

Answer : (i) Since the revolution in 1949, China gradually came in the field of world economy. It attracted the foreign MNC’s because of its economic structure.

(ii) Wages were relatively low.

(iii) China has the largest population besides labour, that formed a larger consumer base.

3. Explain why economy of USA was strong in the early 1920s? Would you agree that the roots of the Great Depression lay in the ‘boom’? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer : (i) Mass production became a characteristic feature of industrial production in the USA.

(ii) Mass production lowered costs and prices of engineered goods.

(iii) There was a spurt in the purchase of refrigerators, washing machines, etc., through hire purchase.

(iv) It was fuelled by a boom in house construction and home ownership, financed once again by loans. Yes, the roots of the Great Depression lies in this boom because of the overproduction in industrial and agricultural sector and liberal credit facility.

4. Mention three reasons for the creation of International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

Answer : (i) The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were created to meet the financial needs of the industrial countries.

(ii) When Japan and Europe rapidly rebuilt economies, they became less dependent on the IMF and the World Bank. 

(iii) Thus, from the late 1950s the Bretton Woods institutions, WB and IMF, began to turn their attention towards newly developing countries.

(iv) The newly independent countries facing problems of poverty came under the guidance of international agencies dominated by the former colonial powers.

5. Describe the social and economic effects of the World War on England and USA.

Answer : Social Effects : (i) Most of the killed and maimed people were of the working age and this affected the work force in England.

(ii) Household income declined and women stepped in to take up jobs usually done by men.

(iii) Role and position of women changed forever in England. Economic Effects :

(i) Economic links between some of the major economic powers of the world were snapped.

(ii) England borrowed large sums of money from the US Banks.

(iii) USA emerged as an international creditor. (iv) USA owned more assets in foreign countries than foreign countries owned in the USA.

6. How did the use of technology transform food availability in Europe?

Answer : (i) Faster railway, lighter wagons and larger ships helped food to reach more cheaply and quickly from far away farms to markets.

(ii) Earlier the animals were shipped live from America to Europe, many died on the way or became unfit to eat. Thus meat became expensive.

(iii) Refrigerated ships : The animal could be slaughtered at the starting point of America, Australia or New Zealand and transported to Europe as frozen meat.

(iv) This reduced the shipping cost and lowered prices in Europe.

(v) The poor could add variety to their food and it improved their living condition.

7. How did the Great Depression of 1929 affect the Indian trade? Explain

Answer : The Great Depression affected the Indian trade in many ways.

(i) India’s exports and imports were halved between 1928 and 1934.

(ii) As international prices crashed, prices in India also plunged.

(iii) Peasants and farmers suffered more than urban dwellers.

(iv) Peasants producing for the world market were the worst hit.

(v) Town-dwelling land owners and middle-class salaried employees found themselves better off as everything cost less for them.

8. Which one of the following groups of the countries was known as the 'Central Powers' in Europe? (a) Germany, Russia and France (b) Russia, Germany and Britain (c) Germany, Austria-Hungary and ottoman- Turkey (d) Britain, Germany and Russia

Answer : (c) Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey

9. Explain the three impacts of the first World War on the British economy.

Answer : (i) After the war, Britain found it difficult to recapture its earlier position of dominance in the colonial market.

(ii) To finance war expenditures, Britain had borrowed from the U.S. At the end of the war Britain was burdened with huge external debts.

(iii) The war had led to a huge increase in demand, production and employment. 

(iv) The government reduced bloated war expenditures to bring them at par with peace time revenues.

(v) These developments led to huge job losses. In 1921, one in every five British worker was out of work.

10. Why did most of the developing countries organise themselves as a group - the Group of 77 (G-77)?

Answer : (i) The developing countries came under the guidance of IMF and World Bank which were dominated by the former colonial powers in order to uplift their economies.

(ii) Former colonial powers exploited the natural resources of developing nations through IMF and World Bank.

(iii) The developing nations organised themselves into G-77 so as to gain real control over their natural resources, to get more development assistance and fairer prices for raw materials.

(iv) They also wanted a better opportunity for their manufactured good in the markets of developing nations.

11. Describe any three effects of the Great Depression of 1929 on the Indian economy.

Answer : (i) India’s exports and imports nearly halved.

(ii) As international prices crashed, prices in India also plunged.

(iii) Wheat prices in India fell by 50 percent. (iv) Peasants and farmers suffered more than urban dwellers.

(v) The colonial government refused to reduce revenue demands. (vi) India’s peasants’ indebtedness increased.

(vii) They used up their savings and sold jewellery and precious metals. The Great Depression helped the urban people, especially the fixed income earners.

12. The relocation of industry to low-wage countries stimulated world trade and capital flows. Justify the statement.

Answer : (i) MNCs shifted their production units to Asian countries because of cheap labour and low wages.

(ii) Availability of raw materials and a large market.

(iii) Effects : It stimulated world trade and flow of capital. Countries like India, China and Brazil underwent rapid economic transformation. It generated employment opportunities and introduced competition in the domestic markets.

13. What is Group 77? Why did Group 77 countries demand a New International Economic Order? Explain.

Answer : As colonies, many of the less developed regions of the world had been part of Western empires. As newly independent countries facing urgent pressures to lift their populations out of poverty, they came under the guidance of international agencies that was dominated by the former colonial powers. The former colonial powers still controlled vital resources such as minerals and land in many of their former colonies.

Even the large corporations of other powerful countries, for example the US, also often managed to secure rights to exploit developing countries’ natural resources very cheaply.

At the same time, most developing countries did not benefit from the fast growth the Western economies experienced in the 1950s and 1960s. Therefore, they organised themselves as a group – the Group of 77 (or G-77) – to demand a new international economic order (NIEO). By the NIEO they meant a system that would give them real control over their natural resources, more development assistance, fairer prices for raw materials. and better access for their manufactured goods in developed countries’ markets.

14. China becomes an attraction destination for investment by foreign MNCs in the 19th and 20th century. Justify the statement.

Answer :(i) Since the revolution in 1949, China gradually came in the field of world economy. It attracted the foreign MNC’s because of its economic structure.

(ii) Wages were relatively low.

(iii) China has the largest population besides labour, that formed a larger consumer base.



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