CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Agriculture Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Agriculture Assignment Set A. Get printable school Assignments for Class 10 Geography. Standard 10 students should practise questions and answers given here for Geography in Grade 10 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 10 Geography prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Agriculture Class 10 Geography Assignment Pdf

Class 10 Geography students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Agriculture in standard 10. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Geography will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 10 Geography Assignment for Agriculture

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Agriculture

Question : ___________ state is the largest producer of jowar. 
(a) Karnataka
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Gujarat
Answer : B
Explanation: Maharashtra state is the largest producer of jowar.  
 
Question : Which is the largest rubber producing state in India? 
(a) Meghalaya
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Karnataka
(d) Kerala
Answer : D
Explanation: Rubber is an important industrial raw material. It is mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya. In 2010-11 India ranked fourth among the world’s natural rubber producers. 
 
Question : Agriculture is an age-old __________activity in our country. 
(a) recreation
(b) time pass
(c) economic
(d) professional
Answer : C
Explanation: Agriculture is an age-old economic activity in our country. 

 

 

Very Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Agriculture 

Question : In which system of agriculture, a single crop is grown on a large area? 
Answer : Plantation agriculture.
 
Question : Which type of farming is intensive subsistence farming? 
Answer : Labour intensive farming.
 
Question : Which country is the first largest producer of rice?
Answer : China,
 
Question : Which crop is used both as food and fodder?
Answer : Maize.
 
Question : Which state is the largest producer of ragi?
Answer : Karnataka.
 
Question : In which region was the cultivation of coffee introduced in India initially? 
Answer :  Baba Budan hills were the region where cultivation of coffee was initially introduced.
It is in the hills of Chikmagalur (Coorg, Southern India) in 1670. 
 
Question : Which type of farming is intensive subsistence farming? 
Answer :  Labour-intensive farming is intensive subsistence farming. It is a kind of agriculture where a lot of capital and labour are used to increase the yield that can be obtained per area. 

 

 

Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Agriculture  

Question : Explain the factor upon which the different farming practices depends. 
Answer :  The factors upon which the different farming practices depend are:
i. Physical factors: It includes relief, climate and location.
ii. Human Factors: Human factors include the cultural background of people, availability of irrigation and agricultural practices.
iii. Land : The availibilty of land decides which farming suits most commercial or subsistense.
iv. Productivity : The productivity of the land decides which farming can be better like fertile land is preffered for commercial farming.
v. Demand : The demand of the crop decides the farming pattern as crop with more demand needs more cultivation.
vi. Quality of yield : Quality of yeild determines the type of farming as high yield would be always prefferedfor cultivation.
 
 
Question : i. Features ‘A’ is marked in the given political map of India. Identify this feature with the help of the following information and write their correct name on the line marked on the map.
a. A leading golden fibre crop-producing state
ii. On the same map of India locate and label the following items with appropriate symbols:
a. A leading sugarcane producing state
b. A coffee growing state on the eastern state 
Map-9
 
Answer :  
 
Map-10

 

Question :  What are three cropping seasons of India? Explain any one in brief.

Answer : India has three cropping seasons:-

        (1) Rabi

        (2) Kharif and 

        (3) Zaid

(1) Rabi crops: - Shown in winter from October to December.

        - Harvest in summer from April to June.

        - Main crop-wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard

(2) Kharif crop:

     - Grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country.

     - Harnest in September-October.

     - Maize jawar , bajra ,cotton, Soya been

(3) Zaid crops:

     -sown between rabbi and kharif seasons.

Crops: watermelon, Muskmelon, cucumber, fodder etc.

 

Question :  Discuss three main impacts of globalization on Indian agriculture.

Answer : 1.Indian agriculture products are not able to compete with the developed countries.

        2.Bad condition of marginal and small farmers

        3.Caused land degradation due to overuse of chemicals. 

 

Question : What are the growing conditions required for the main staple food crop of India? Mention the main growing regions.

Answer : (i) Growing conditions required for rice :

(a) High temperature (above 25°C). It is a Kharif crop.

(b) High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm.

(ii) Main growing regions : Northern plains, north eastern India, Coastal areas, deltaic plains and river valleys.

 

Question : Explain any four features of primitive subsistence agriculture in India.

Answer : Features of primitive subsistence agriculture in India are :

(i) It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools.

(ii) Tools which are used are basically traditional tools such as hoe, dao and digging sticks.

(iii) This type of agriculture totally depends upon monsoon.

(iv) When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift to another plot of land.

 

Question : Give an account of rice cultivation in India, under the following heads:
(a) Climatic condition
(b) Soil requirement
(c) Two major rice producing states

Answer : (a) Climatic condition : It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

(b) Soil requirement : Rice is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. The preferred soil type is clayey or clayey -loam.

(c) Two major rice producing states : West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh

 

Question : Which crop is known as the 'golden fibre'? Explain any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention its any four uses.

Answer : (i) Jute is called the golden fibre.

(ii) Geographical conditions :

(a) Grows well in drained fertile soil of the flood plains where the soil is renewed every year.

(b) High temperature is required during the time of growth.

Uses : Can be used to manufacture gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets and other artefacts. 

 

Question : Describe any three technological and institutional reforms made in the field of agriculture in India.

Answer : (i) Land reforms : Collectivisation, consolidation of land holdings, cooperation and abolition of zamindari.

(ii) Agricultural reforms : Green revolution and white revolution.

(iii) Land development programmes : Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone etc., establishment of Grameen banks.

(iv) Issuing of Kisan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme, etc.

(v) Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on radio and TV. 

 

 

Long Questions for Class 10 Social Science Agriculture 

Question : “The Government of India has introduced various institutional and technological reforms to improve agriculture in the 1980s and 1990s”. Support this statement with examples.
or
Compare intensive subsistence farming with that of commercial farming practiced in India.
Answer : a. In the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated, which included both institutional and technical reforms.
b. Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease establishment of Grameen banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest were some important steps in this direction.
c. Kissan Credit Card (KCC), personal accident insurance scheme are some other schemes introduced by the government of India for the benefit of the farmers.
d. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the radio and television.
e. The government also announces minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen.
Table
 
 
Question : Which crop is known as the ‘golden fibre’? Explain any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention its any four uses.
Answer : a. Jute is called the golden fibre.
b. Geographical conditions:
c. Grows well in drained fertile soil of the flood plains where the soil is renewed every year.
d. High temperature is required during the time of growth.
Uses: Can be used to manufacture gunny bags, mats, ropes, yam, carpets and other artefacts.
 
 
Question : Mention any two geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in India. Describe any three factors which have contributed to increase in maize production.
Answer :  Geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in India:
a. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C.
b. It grows well in alluvial soil.
Use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds, fertilisers and irrigation have contributed to the increasing production of maize.
 
Question : Why has the agriculture sector in India got a major setback in spite of increase in the GDP growth rate?
Answer : 
a. More and more land is used for construction of  factories, warehouses and shelters which reduced the land under cultivation.
b. Soil gets degraded by the use of pesticides, fertilizers, over irrigation, etc., which leads to water logging and salinity.
c. Today Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from international competition.
d. Our government is reducing the public investment in agriculture, subsidy on fertilizers have decreased.
e. Reduction in import duties on agricultural products have proved detrimental to agriculture in the country.
 
 
Question : Suggest any five measures to enhance the agricultural production in India. 
or
Explain any five institutional and technical reforms brought by the government to improve the condition of Indian Agriculture. 
or
Describe any five steps taken by the government of India to increase the productivity of agriculture in India.
Answer : 
1. Land reforms: Collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation and abolition of zamindari.
2. Agricultural reforms: Green revolution and White revolution.
3. Land development programmes: Provision for  crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, etc, establishment of Grameen banks, Cooperative societies and banks for providing loans.
4. Issuing of Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme, etc.
5. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on radio and TV.
6. Government announces Minimum Support Price (MSP) and remunerative and procurement prices to check exploitation.
7. The government provides HYV seeds and fertilisers.
8. Government provides technical assistance and training for farmers.
9. Soil testing facilities, cold storage and transportation facilities are provided by government for farmers.
 
Question : “Wheat and rice farming in India are fairly different from each other”. Support the statement with five suitable examples. 
or
Wheat and rice farming in India are fairly different from each other. Explain.
Answer : 
Table-


 
Question : Describe any four geographical conditions required for the growth of tea. Mention the two major tea producing states of South India. 
or
Name the important beverage crop introduced by the British in India. Explain the geographical conditions needed for its cultivation. Write any two important states where it is grown.
or
In which agricultural production, India is the leading producer as well as exporter in world? Describe the geographical requirements for its growth and development.
or
What are the soil type, climatic conditions and rainfall conditions required for the cultivation of tea? Write two states of India where tea grows.
Answer : 
a. Tea: Grows well in tropical and sub¬tropical climates.
b. Soil type: Deep and fertile, well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matters.
c. Climate: Warm and moist, frost-free climate throughout the year.
d. Rainfall: Frequent showers throughout the year.
e. Two states: Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tripura.
 
 
Question : Which are the two major cotton producing states of North India ? Describe four geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton.
or
Describe the geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton.
Answer :  Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the two major cotton producing states of North India.
Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton:
a. It grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau.
b. It requires high temperature.
c. It requires light rainfall or irrigation.
d. It requires 21 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth.
 
Question : Explain any four features of primitive subsistence agriculture in India.
Answer :  Features of primitive subsistence agriculture in India are:
a. It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools.
b. Tools which are used are basically traditional tools such as hoe, dao and digging stick.
c. This type of agriculture totally depends upon monsoon.
d. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift to another plot of land.
 
Question : Compare the geographical conditions required for the production of cotton and jute. 
Answer : 
Table-1


 
Question : Why has Indian agriculture started a decline in the trend of food production? How can we overcome this problem?
Answer :  Indian agriculture started a decline in the trend of food production because:
a. More and more land is used for construction of factories, warehouses and shelters have reduced the land under cultivation.
b. Soil gets degraded by the use of pesticides, fertilizers, over-irrigation, etc. which leads to water logging and salinity.
Remedial Measures:
a. Use of agricultural techniques which are environmentally sustainable.
b. Use of biotechnology in modifying different crops and increase the yield per hectare. It reduces dependence on insecticides and also require less water. 
 
Question : Name the crop which is used both as food and fodder? What are the geographical conditions required for its growth. Name the major areas of its production. 
Answer :  i. Maize is the crop to be used as food and fodder. It is Kharif crop.
ii. Its grain provides food and is used for obtaining starch and glucose. Its stalk is fed to cattle.
iii. Maize is mainly a rainfed kharif crop which is sown just before the onset of monsoon and is harvested after retreat of the monsoon.
iv. Fertile well-drained alluvial or red loams free from coarse materials and rich in nitrogen are the best soils for its successful growth. Well drained plains are best suited for its cultivation
v. Climate: 140 frost free days
vi. Soil Type: It grows well in old alluvial soil.
vii. Temperature: It requires temperature between 21oC to 27oC .
viii. Rainfall: annual rainfall between 60 to 120 cm
ix. Areas of Cultivation: Major maize producing states are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,In some states like Bihar maize is grown in Rabi season also. Use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds, fertilizers and irrigation have contributed to the increasing production of maize.
x. More than half the maize of India is produced in four states of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan. 

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