CBSE Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries Assignment

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Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Geography Assignment Pdf

Class 10 Geography students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Manufacturing Industries in standard 10. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Geography will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 10 Geography Assignment for Manufacturing Industries

 

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries 

Question : Manufacturing Industries are placed in : 
(a) Primary sector
(b) Tertiary sector
(c) Service sector
(d) Secondary sector
Answer : D
Explanation: Manufacturing industries not only help in modernising agriculture, which forms the backbone of our economy, they also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors. The secondary sector includes secondary processing of raw materials, food manufacturing, textile manufacturing and industry.
 
Question : Which of the following techniques of cotton textile production came into use after the 18th century? 
(a) Power looms
(b) Hand-spinning
(c) Zari embroidery
(d) Handloom weaving
Answer : A
Explanation: In ancient India, cotton textiles were produced with hand spinning and handloom weaving techniques. After the 18th century, powerlooms came into use. Our traditional industries suffered a set back during the  colonial period because they could not compete with the mill made cloth fromEngland.
 
Question : There are 57 fertiliser units manufacturing nitrogenous and __________. 
(a) potash
(b) phosphatic fertilisers
(c) complex nitrogenous fertilisers
(d) ammonium phosphate
Answer : C
Explanation: There are 57 fertiliser units manufacturing nitrogenous and complex nitrogenous fertilisers, 29 for urea and 9 for producing ammonium sulphate.
 
Question : Atomic power plant causes 
(a) Noise Pollution
(b) Air Pollution
(c) Water Pollution
(d) Heat Pollution
Answer : D
Explanation: Heat Pollution
 
Question : Which one of the following industries, due to its seasonal nature, is ideally suited to the cooperative sector? 
(a) Automobile
(b) Sugar
(c) Cotton textile
(d) Jute textile
Answer : B
Explanation: Sugar industry is seasonal in nature so, it is ideally suited to the cooperative sector. For the entire year the farmers are engaged in producing sugarcane as it is an annual crop. The seasonal nature of the sugar industry is combated by setting up cooperative where farmers share the profit and losses.
 
 

Very Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries

Question : Oil India Ltd is which type of Industry on the basis of ownership? 
Answer :  Oil India Ltd is a joint sector industry on the basis of ownership.
 
Question : Which industry, due to its seasonal nature, is ideally suited to the cooperative sector? 
Answer : Due to its seasonal nature sugar industry is ideally suited to the cooperative sector.
 
Question : On what basis is the industrial sector classified into public and private sectors? 
Answer : On the basis of ownership of enterprises, the industrial sector is classified into public and private sectors. The public sector includes all the public services and enterprises.
Private sector includes enterprises that are owned by private people.
 
Question : In which industry will automobile industry be placed and why? 
Answer :  Automobile industry requires huge investment and the weight of raw materials and finished goods are bulky so it will be placed in heavy industry.

Question : What is steel used for?
Answer : Steel is used for manufacturing a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defense, medical, telephone, scientific equipment and a variety of consumer goods.

Question : Define large scale industry.
Answer : A large scale industry is one in which the investment is more than one crore on an industry.

Question : What are called joint sector industries? Give examples.
Answer : Joint sector industries are jointly managed (owned) by the state and individuals or a group of individuals.

Question : What is the key to the success of IT Industry in India?
Answer : The continuing growth in the hardware and software is the key to success of IT industry in India.


Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries

Question : Describe any three major problems faced by the weaving and processing sectors in cotton textile industry. 
Answer :  Problems of cotton textile industry are :
i. Power supply is erratic. Regular power supply without breaks is mandatory for this industry.
ii. Output of labour is low because of no upgrading in machines. Particularly in the weaving & processing sectors, the machinery needs to be upgraded.
iii. In terms of cost and convenience of use synthetic fibre industry is proved much better option to the consumers. 
 
Question : i. Two features A and B are marked in the given political map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the map.
a. Iron and steel Plant
b. Iron and steel Plant
ii. Locate and Label Ludhiana cotton textile with appropriate symbols on the same map given for identification. 
imag-15
 
Answer : 
 
imag-14

 
 
Question : Which factors are responsible for shifting of sugar mills to southern and western states? 
Answer :  Recently sugar mills have migrated to the southern and western states of India especially Maharashtra. The reasons for the shift arei.
The cooler climate in those states which lengthens the crushing season.
ii. Increase in the sucrose contents of the cane.
iii. Another factor is the success of co-operatives of these western and southern states of India.
 
Question :  Industrialisation and urbanization go hand in hand‘. Explain.
Answer : (i) Cities provide market and also provide services such as banking, insurances, transport, labour, consultants and financial advice etc. to the industries.(ii) Industrial workers need houses and other facilities. The provision of these facilities can convert a small town into big cities.
 
Question : What is agglomeration economies?
Answer : Cities provide market and other facilities like banking, insurance, transport, labour, consultants, and financial advice etc. to the industry. Many industries tend to come together to make, use of the advantages offered by the urban institutions. This is known as agglomeration economies.
 
Question :  Name three physical factors and three human factors that affect the location of industries.
Answer : Physical factors and three human factors that affect the location of industries are:
(i) Availability of raw materials (ii) Availability of power resources
(iii) Suitable climate (iv) Availability of water
Human factors that affect the location of industries are:
(i) Availability of labour (ii) Availability of market (iii) Government policies
 
Question :  What is the large scale and small scale industries? Give examples.
Answer : Those industries that employs large number of workers in each unit and having large production level are known as large scale industries. e.g. cotton textile industry.
The industry that employs small number of workers in each unit and having small production level is known as small scale industry. e.g. readymade garment industries.

Question : Suggest some ways to control air and noise pollution caused by industry.
Answer : Some ways to control air and noise pollution:
(i) Particulate matter in the air can be reduced by fitting smoke stacks to factories with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers and inertial separators.
(ii) Smoke can be reduced by using oil or gas instead of coal in factories.
(iii) In order to control noise pollution machinery and equipment can be used and generators should be fitted with silencers. Almost all machinery can be redesigned to increase energy efficiency and reduce noise.

Question : What are called cooperative sector industries? Give examples.
Answer : Cooperative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both.
Examples — the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coin industry in Kerala.

Question : Why have sugar mills shifted to the southern and western states, especially in Maharashtra in recent years?
Answer : In recent years, the mills have shifted to the southern and western states, especially in Maharashtra. This is because:
(i) The cane produced here has higher sucrose content.
(ii) The cooler climate also ensures a longer crushing season.
(iii) Super industry can thrive only if it is run by corporatives and they are popular and more successful in the southern states.

Question :  Which factors are responsible for the decentralization of cotton textile mills in India?
Answer :  (i) Cotton textile have a very high demand throughout the country.
(ii) Major inputs like banking, electricity, transportation are available in almost every part of the country.
(iii) Textile industry is labour intensive industry and labour is easily available in India.
(iv) Textile industry requires less technological inputs and can be carried out using simple tools and machines.
 
Question :  Cotton textile industry has close links with agriculture. Explain.
Answer : (i) The industry has close links with agriculture and provides a living to farmers, cotton bull pluckers and workers engaged in ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing, designing, packaging, tailoring and sewing.
(ii) Agriculture provides raw material to the industry i.e. raw cotton.
 
Question :  What are the major problems of cotton textile industry?
Answer :  (i) Lack of good quality long staple cotton (ii) Erratic power supply
(iii) Out dated machinery and technology (iv) Low output of workers (v) Stiff international competition
 
Question :  What were the major objectives of National Jute Policy 2005? Why is the internal demand for jute increasing?
Answer :  (i) To increase the productivity (ii) To improve the quality (iii) Ensuring good prices to the jute farmers (iv) Enhancing the yield per hectare
The internal demand for jute has been on the increase because -
(i) Government policy of mandatory use of jute packaging
(ii) The growing global concern for environment friendly biodegradable materials.
 
Question :  India is an important iron and steel producing country in the world yet , we are not able to perform to our full potential. Give any four reasons.
Answer : (i) High Costs and Limited availability of coking coal.
(ii) Lower productivity of labour (iii) Shortage of power (iv) Poor infrastructure.
(v) Low Investment in Research and Development.
 
Question :  Why is iron and steel industry called a basic industry?
Answer :  Iron and steel industry is called the basic industry because:
(i) It is the industry which lays the foundation of rapid development of other industries such as heavy Engineering, defence equipment, automobiles, aeroplanes etc.
(ii) It is also helpful in providing employment.
(iii) It also helps in the development of agriculture.
 
Question : What is importance of the manufacturing industries?
Answer : 1. Employment generation: Manufacturing industry is the main source of employment for large number of skilled as well as unskilled workers.
2. Foreign exchange: Export of manufactured goods bring foreign exchange to India.
3. Reduction of pressure on land: Manufacturing industry produces products of daily needs and helps the common people to fulfill their basic needs. It reduces pressure on agricultural sector for employment.
4. Removal of economic problems: Industrial development is a precondition for the removal of economic problems like poverty, unemployment and economic inequality. It also helps in bringing down regional disparities by establishing industries in tribal and backward areas.
 
Question :  What is the importance of Jute Industry?
Answer :  1. Employment- The jute industry supports 2 61 Lakh workers directly another 40 lakh small and marginal farmers who are engaged in cultivation of jute and Mesta.
2. Products: Jute industry provides products of daily use like jute bags, ropes, mats etc.
3. Foreign Exchange: Exports of raw jute and manufactured goods bring foreign exchange
4. Promotion of Small Scale Industry: Many products of the jute industry are manufactured by cottage and small scale industry. So it promotes decentralization of industry. 
 
 

Long Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries

Question : Briefly describe any four major types of industrial pollution. 
Answer :  Industries contribute significantly to India’s economic growth and development but the increase in pollution of land, water, air, noise are resulting in degradation of environment. The four major types of industrial pollution are:
i. Air pollution: This is caused due to presence of high proportion of gases which are undesirable, e.g., Sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
ii. Water pollution: Water pollution is caused by organic and inorganic industrial waste and effluents discharged in to rivers.
iii. Noise pollution: Not only results irritation and anger, it can also cause hearing impairment, increased heart rate and blood pressure among other psychological effects.
iv. Thermal pollution: Thermal pollution of water occurs when hot water from factories and thermal plants is drained into river and ponds before cooling.

Question :  The sugar industry is now shifting from north to south. Mention main reasons.
Answer : North India is regarded as the main centre of the sugar industry and Uttar Pradesh is the leading producer.
Over the time the sugar industry is shifting towards south India. The main reasons behind shifting of the sugar industry towards south India are:
(i) The sugar contents in the cane is higher i.e. 10.5% in Maharashtra and other southern states.
(ii) Climate is suitable for the cultivation of sugarcane.
(iii) South has better export facilities as compared to North.
(iv) Cooperative sugar mills are more successful in management in south India.
(v) The Peninsular climate helps to extend the crushing season by two months in the south India than north India.
 
Question : What facts interpret that cotton and textile industry of India occupies a unique position? 
Answer :  The follwoing features prove that the cotton and textile industry of India occupies a unique position:
i. India shares one fourth in the world trade of cotton yarn.
ii. India shares four percent in garments.
iii. Spinning mills are competitive at the global level and capable of using all the fibers produced in India.
iv. It contributes 14 percent to total industrial production.
v. It generates employment for 35 million person.
vi. It earns foreign exchange which is 24.6 percent of total earning.
vii. It contributes four percent in the GDP of the country.

Question : India is an important iron and steel producing country in the world yet, We are not able to perform to our full potential. Give any four reasons.
Answer : There are several reasons behind this:
(i) Although India has modernised its steelmaking considerably, however, nearly 6% of its crude steel is still produced using the outdated open-hearth process.
(ii) Labour productivity in India is still very low.
(iii) Steel production in India is also hampered by power shortages.
(iv) Insufficient shipment capacity and transport infrastructure too hinder the growth of Indian steel industry.
(v) India is deficient in raw materials required by the steel industry.

Question : What are the factors responsible for the location of jute industry in the Hugli basin?
Answer : There are about 70 jute mills in India mostly located in West Bengal along the banks of the Hugli river. Factors responsible for the location in the Hugli basin are:
(i) Nearness of the jute producing areas.
(ii) Low-cost water transport, supported by a good network of railways, roadways and waterways to help the movement of raw material to the mills.
(iii) Abundant water for processing raw jute.
(iv) Cheap labour from West Bengal and adjoining states of Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.
(v) Kolkata as an urban centre provides banking, insurance and port facilities for export of jute goods.

 
Question : What is the contribution of industry to national economy in India? Compare it with the East Asian Countries. What is the desired growth and present position of industry in GDP? 
Answer : The contribution of industry to the national economy has not been satisfactory for the last two decades. It has stagnated at 17 percent for mining quarrying, electricity and gas. In comparison to India’s 17 percent share in GDP, the East Asian countries have contributed 25 to 35 per cent to their GDP. The desired growth over the next decade is 12 percent. At present growth rate is about 9 to 10 percent and it is expected that we can achieve the growth rate of 12 per cent by some efforts like setting up of the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC).

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