Assignment for Class 12 Geography Contemporary India Ii Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
Class 12 Geography students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Contemporary India Ii Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries in standard 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 12 Geography will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Contemporary India Ii Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Class 12 Geography Assignment
MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries
Explanation: Raw material is not a factor of production because factors of production include land labour, entrepreneurship and capital.
Fill In The Blank
Assertion And Reason Questions
Very Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries
Answer : There are nearly 1600 cotton and human made fibre textile mills in India.
Question : What is meant by public sector industry? Give examples.
Answer : Public sector industries are owned and operated by government agencies.
Example — BHEL, SAIL, etc.
Question : What is regarded as the index of a country’s development?
Answer : Production and consumption of steel is regarded as the index of a country’s development.
Question : Name three states where spinning of yarn continues to be centralised.
Answer : Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.
Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries
Question : Why is iron and steel industry called the basic industry? Explain any three reasons.
Answer : The iron and steel industry is called the basic industry because of the following reasons:
(i) All the other industries — heavy, medium and light, depend on this industry for their machinery.
(ii) Steel is needed to manufacture a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defense, medical, telephonic, scientific equipment and variety of consumer goods.
(iii) This industry contributes a lot in providing employment opportunities to the people.
(iv) It helps in the development of agriculture.
Question : Analyse the role of the manufacturing sector in the economic development of India.
Answer : Manufacturing industries help in modernizing agriculture which forms the backbone of our economy. Apart from this, manufacturing industries also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income. This becomes possible because of creation of new jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors. Industrial development helps in eradication of unemployment and poverty. When a country manufactures its own products, it becomes more self-reliant.
Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much needed foreign exchange. A country with high level of manufacturing activities becomes prosperous.
Question : What are called private sector industries? Give examples.
Answer : Private sector industries are owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals.
Examples — TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd., etc.
Question : Why was cotton textile industry concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Maharashtra and Gujarat in the early years? Explain any three reasons.
Answer : (i) Availability of raw material: Mumbai and Ahmedabad are the regions where we see large production of cotton resulting in regular supply of raw material to the industry.
(ii) Moist climate: These regions are gifted with moist climate which provides favourable condition for the growth of cotton.
(iii) Availability of cheap labour: Maharashtra and Gujarat are densely populated states. Migrated people are also there in large numbers. As a result, there is no dearth of labour force in these two cities.
(iv) Accessible port facilities: Mumbai is a major seaport in India. This forms the base of important export of cotton.
Question : Explain with examples the interdependence of agriculture and industries.
Answer : The interdependence of agriculture and industries is based on many things like adequate rainfall and good crops.
Some of the examples are when the rains fail the crops fail, the industries suffer and we have losses in our business as the purchasing power falls.
If the cotton crops fail the clothing industries suffer and the industries suffer.
If the poultry farms does not produce enough eggs the bakery industries which use egg as their important ingredient suffers.
Question : "The sugar mills are shifting towards southern states of India." Support the statement giving three reasons.
Answer : Shifting of sugar industries to southern states is because :
(i) Sugarcane that grows there has a higher sucrose content.
(ii) Favourable climate provides longer crushing period and growing season.
(iii) Cooperatives are successful in these states.
(iv) Modern mills have more crushing capacity.
Question : Suggest any three measures to reduce the industrial pollution of freshwater resources.
Answer : (i) Minimising use of water for processing by reusing and recycling it in two or more successive stages.
(ii) Harvesting of rainwater to meet water requirements.
(iii) Treatment of hot water and effluents before releasing them in river and ponds.
Question : Explain the pro-active approach adopted by the National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC).
Answer : The pro-active approach adopted by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) for preserving the natural environment are as follows:
(i) Optimum utilisation of equipment adopting latest techniques and upgrading existing equipment.
(ii) Minimising waste generation by maximising ash utilisation.
(iii) Providing green belts for nurturing ecological balance and afforestation.
(iv) Reducing environmental, pollution through ash pond management, ash water recycling system and liquid waste management.
(v) Ecological monitoring, review and online database management for all its power stations.
Question : (i) What is an agro-based industry?
(ii) Name the most important agro-based industries of India.
Answer : (i) The industry which gets its raw materials from agriculture is called an agrobased industry.
(ii) The most important agro-based industries of India are — cotton, jute, silk, woollen textiles, sugar and edible oil.
Long Questions for Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries
Question : Evaluate the factors which are responsible for the location of jute industry in west Bengal.
Answer : Factors for the concentration of jute mills in West Bengal are as follows.
(i) Proximity of the jute producing areas
(ii) Inexpensive water transport
(iii) Abundant water for jute processing
(iv) Cheap and skilled labour
(v) Port facilities for export
(vi) Kolkata as a large urban centre provides banking and insurance facilities.
Question : Why is economic strength of a country measured by the development of manufacturing industries?
Answer : Manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of an economy because of the following reasons :
(a) Utilization of Natural Resources: Utilization of huge volume of natural resources has become possible with the development of industries in the country.
(b) Balanced Sectoral Development: Growth of Industrialization in the country can attain balanced sectoral development and it can reduce the too much dependence of the economy on the agricultural sector.
(c) Enhanced Capital Formation: Increasing volume of investment in industries has led to enhancement in the rate of capital formation in the country.
(d) Increase in National Income and Foreign Exchange:- Industries contribute a good portion of the total national income of our country.
(e) Increase in Job Opportunities: It Increases the job opportunities for a large section of population of the country.
(f ) Development of Industries brings down regional economic and social disparities as incomes rise and people from different strata of the society work together.
Question : Describe in brief the aluminium smelting industry in India with emphasis on:
(i) Any three uses of aluminium.
(ii) Any three locational factors for the industry.
(iii) Any two states where aluminium smelting is done on a large scale.
Explain the aluminium smelting industry with reference to the following.
(i) Two major uses of aluminium
(ii) Names of two smelting states
(iii) Annual production
(iv) Any two locational factors
Answer : (i) Three uses of aluminium:
• It combines the strength of metals such as iron, with extreme lightness and also with good conductivity and great malleability.
• It is used to manufacture aircraft, utensils and wires.
• It has become a popular substitute of steel, copper, zinc and lead in a number of industries.
(ii) Two locational factors:
• Assured source of raw material at minimum cost.
• Regular supply of electricity.
(iii) Two states where aluminium smelting is done on a large scale:
• West Bengal
(iv) Annual Production:
• About 600 million tonnes per annum.
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