CBSE Class 10 Social Science Power Sharing Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 12 Social Science Power Sharing Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 12 Social Science. Standard 12 students should practise questions and answers given here for Social Science in Grade 12 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 12 Social Science prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Power Sharing Class 12 Social Science Assignment Pdf

Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Power Sharing in standard 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 12 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 12 Social Science Assignment for Power Sharing

Short Answer Questions 

Q.1 What was a community government? 

Ans- It was elected by the people belonging to language community – Dutch French and German speaking no metter where they live. It deals with cultural, educational and language related issues. 

 

Q.2 What was the political problems faced by Belgium? 

Ans- Problems of ethnic composition- 

1. 50% Dutch speaking, 40% French speaking, 1% German speaking 

2. But in its capital- 80% French speaking, 20% Dutch speaking 

3. French community was rich and powerful 

 

Q.3 Explain the ethnic problem of Srilanka. 

1. In Silence there are two communities' sinhala and Tamil 

2) Among Tamils the Tamil natives who are called, Srilankan Tamils and the Indian Tamils whose forefathers come from India as plantation workers during the colonial period. 

3) Most of the Sinhalas are Buddhist and Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. So in Srilanka the problem was who is going to hold power and enjoy the economic benefits

 

Long Answers Questions

Q.1 How Belgian government solved its ethnic Problem ?

Ans- The Path of accommodation adopted in Belgium.

1) Dutch and French speaking ministers shall be equal in the central govt.

2) Many Powers of the central government have been given to state govt. The state govt are not subordinate to the central govt.

3) Brussels has a separate govt in which both the communities have equal representation.

4) There is a third kind of govt called community govt elected by the people belonging to Dutch, French and German no matter where they live.

 

Q.2 What is majoritariamisum? How it has led to alienation of majority community in Sri Lanka?

Ans- The dominance of majority community to rule the country in whichever way it wants totally disregarding the wishes and needs of minority community is known as majoritarianism

1) In srilanka mainly there are two communities- Sinhala and Tamils the leaders of the sinhala community sought to secure dominance over the govt by virtue of their majority. Sinhala has been recognized as the official language of the country by disregarding

2) Government followed a preferential policy favouring sinhalased in university portions and govt jobs.

3) The govt encouraged and protected Budhism The distrust has turned into a civil war that has caused a set back to social cultural and economic life of Srilanka.

 

Extra Questions-

Q.1 Why is power sharing good for democracies?

Q.2 Why power sharing is Desirables.

Q.3 Explain different forms of power sharing in modern democracies

Q.4 Explain the drawbacks of majoritarianism.

Q.5 It is possible to change the power sharing arrangement? If so How?


MCQs

Q.1 How many people speak French and Dutch in the capital city of Brussels?

a) 60 percent French 40 percent Dutch   b) 50% Dutch 50% French

c) 80% French 20% Dutch   d) 80% Dutch 20% French

Q.2 How many times leaders of Belgium amended their constitution?

A) Two times   B) Three times   C) Four times   d) Since time

Q.3 Which one of the following is correct regarding power sharing?

A) It leads to conflict between different groups.

B) It ensures the stability of the country.

C) It helps to reduce the conflict between different groups.

a) Only A is true b) Only B is true c) Both A and B are true d) Both B and C are true

Q.4 Which was the only official language of Sri Lanka?

a) Tamil   (b) Malyalam   c) Sinhala   (d) none of the mention above

Q.5 Which community was rich and powerful in Belgium?

a) German   (b) French   c) Dutch   (d) none of the mention above

 

Answers key
 
 
(1) c
(2) c
(3) d
(4) c
(5) b
 
 

Important Questions NCERT Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing


Question. Explain the three measures taken by Sri Lanka, as per the Act passed in 1956.

Ans. The measures taken by Sri Lanka are :

(i) Goverment adopted majoritarian measure to establish Sinhala Supremacy. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language thus disregarding Tamil.

(ii) The governments followed preferential politics that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.

(iii) A new Constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhiusm.


Question. Compare the situation of Belgium and Sri Lanka considering their location, size and cultural aspects.

Ans. 

Belgium

Sri Lanka

Belgium is located in Western Europe, north of France.

It is a relatively small country covering a size of about 30500 sq km, with the following population characteristics:

• 59% of the total population speak Dutch

• 40% of the total population speak French

• 1% of the total population speak German

• However, in the capital Brussels 80% speak French and 20% Dutch

• The French were relatively rich and powerful. The Dutch speaking were a majority in the country but a minority in the capital-Brussels.

Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean south of India. It covers an area of about 65610 sq km with the following population characteristics:

• Sinhala speaking population 74%

• Tamil speaking population 18 %, our which Sri Lankan Tamil 13% and Indian immigrant Tamils 4%

• The Sinhala speakers are Buddhists and the

Tamil speakers are Muslims or Hindus.

Belgium

Sri Lanka

• Belgian leaders recognized the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. They amended the constitution as needed.

• The number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers was made equal in the central government.

• Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Thus, no single community can make decisions unilaterally.

• State governments of the two regions have lot of power and are not subordinate to the Central Government.

• Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation.

There is a third ‘community government’ elected by the people belonging to one language community– Dutch, French and German-speaking. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.

• The democratically elected government adopted a majoritarian measure to establish Sinhala supremacy.

• In 1956 Sinhala became the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.

• The governments followed preferential policies that favored Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.

• A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

• There was a feeling of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils.

• They felt that Buddhist Sinhala political parties were not sensitive to their language and culture.

• They felt that the constitution denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them.

Results

Results

Civic strife between the two major communities and a possible division of the country on linguistic lines was avoided.

When many countries of Europe came together to form the European Union, Brussels was chosen as its headquarters.

The Sri Lankan Tamils launched political parties but their demand for more autonomy to Tamil provinces was denied.

The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict and a civil war.


Question. How and when was Sinhala recognized as the official language of Sri Lanka?

Ans. Sinhala was recognized as the official language of Sri Lanka by passing an Act in 1956.


Question. In which city is the headquarters of the European Union located?

Ans. Brussels


Question. What is the prudential reason behind power sharing?

Ans. Power sharing helps in reducing the conflict between various social groups. Hence, power sharing is necessary for maintaining social harmony and peace.


Question. Explain any three forms of power sharing.

Ans. In modern democracies, power sharing can take the following forms:

1. Organs of Government: In democracy, power is shared among Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. This is known as distribution of power, it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers. No organ can exercise unlimited power as each organ checks the others.

2. Governments at different levels: In federal form of government, power is shared between the central and state governments. In India there is another lower level of government, the-local self government. This is called vertical division of government.

3. Social Groups: Power may also be shared among different social groups such as religious and linguistic groups.


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