Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 12 Social Science Challenges to Democracy Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 12 Social Science. Standard 12 students should practise questions and answers given here for Social Science in Grade 12 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 12 Social Science prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations
Challenges To Democracy Class 12 Social Science Assignment Pdf
Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Challenges To Democracy in standard 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 12 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Class 12 Social Science Assignment for Challenges To Democracy
Question : The challenge of deepening of democracy involves –
(a) Applying basic principal of democracy govt. across all the regions.
(b) Strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy.
(c) Inclusion of women and minority groups indecision making.
(d) Challenge of expansion.
Answer : B
Question : The challenge of expansion of a democracy required –
(a) Keeping military a way from the govt.
(b) Less decisions should remain outside the democratic control.
(c) Bringing clown the influence of the rich.
(d) Establishing a functional state.
Answer : B
Question : Name of law which empowers people to carry out democratic reforms—
(a) Right to information Act.
(b) Companies Act.
(c) MRTP Act
(d) None of these.
Answer : A
Question : Which kind of lows are considered the best for democratic reforms?
(a) Laws that seek to bar something.
(b) Lows that seek to promote the benefit of a particular section of society.
(c) Lows that empower people to carry out democratic reforms.
(d) None of these.
Answer : C
Question : Which of the following countries disregards the UN and lakes unilateral decisions in the world affairs?
Answer : D
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Answer : The challenge of expansion.
Answer : People face the challenge of expansion of democracy.
Question : “A challenge is not just any problem but an opportunity for progress’. Analyse the statement.
Answer : The statement indicates that every challenge has an opportunity hidden in it, which can be said to be camouflaged by a problem. As we overcome the problem or the challenge we are able to exploit the opportunity.
Short Answer Type Questions
Question : What does fundamental challenge to democracy mean? Which two aspects are included in this challenge?
Answer : Those countries which do not have democratic form of govt. face the foundational challenge of establishing democracy in the country. This involves bringing down the existing non-democratic govt. to keep the military away from capturing power and establishing a sovereign democratic state.
Question : Describe the major challenges to democracy in India.
Answer : Following can be described as the major challenge s to democracy in India.—
1. Social and economic inequality.2. Poverty 3. Illiteracy 4. Casteism 5. Communalism 6. Regional imbalances.7. Problem of language 8. Violence
Question : How is communalism become big challenge to Indian democracy?
Answer : India is a land of many religious which sum of differ from each other but all have a fundamental unity. All religious proclaim the fatherhood of god and Brotherhood of man. All of them lay great stress on truth, honesty and advice their followers to serve god by serving men. At the other hand the mixture of politics and religion has hampered the growth of progress and national unity. This creates religious intolerance which is the major hindrance in political stability and culture unity. In this way communalism become a challenge to Indian democracy.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question : What are the basic rights of citizens for exercising voting rights?
1. The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions.
2. Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers.
3. The choice and opportunity should be available to all the people on an equal basis.
4. The exercise of this choice must lead to a govt. limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens right.
Question : How is the challenge of deepening of democracy faced by every democracy?
1. This involves string tuning of the institutions and practices of democracy.
2. This should happen in such a way that people can realize their expectations of democracy.
3. In general terms, it usually means string tuning those institutions that help people’s participation and control.
4. This requires an attempt to bring down the control and influence of the rich and powerful people in making governmental decisions.
Question : Enumerate there challenges which democracies in the world face today.
1. Fundamental challenge — Those countries which do not have democratic form of govt. face the fundamental challenge of establishing democracy in the country.
2. Challenge of Expansion.—Countries having democratic setup face the challenge of expansion.
3. Deepening of Democracy – This challenge is faced by almost all the democracies. This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracies.
Question : “Serious efforts were made by the legal organisations to reform political parties in India.” Support the statement.
Answer : The reforms that have been made are :
(i) The constitution was amended to prevent elected MLA and MP from changing parties, by bringing anti defection law.
(ii) The Supreme Court had passed an order to reduce the influence of money and criminals. It is now mandatory for candidates to submit an affidavit of pending court cases and the amount of property they own.
(iii) The Election Commission passed an order making it necessary for political parties to hold their organizational elections and file their income tax returns.
Question : Describe any five efforts made to reform political parties in India.
Answer : Some measures taken by the government to reform political parties have been :
(i) Anti-defection law, which states that if any sitting MLA or MP changes the party, he/she will lose his seat in the legislature/parliament.
(ii) It is mandatory now for every candidate to furnish all details related to the financial assets, criminal cases pending against them.
(iii) Election Commission has made it mandatory for parties to hold regular organizational elections and file income tax for the income of the party.
(iv) Recent judgement by Supreme Court that disqualifies convicted MP’s and MLA’s who have been sentenced to more than two years of imprisonment by the lower court and whose appeal against their conviction is pending, is considered to be the landmark decision by the apex court to clean the system.
(v) An important development that is expected is, to bring the functioning of the political parties under the ambit of Right to Information Act.
Question : What is a democratic reform? Mention a few broad guidelines for devising political reforms in India.
Answer : All suggestions or proposals about overcoming various challenges to democracy are called democratic reform or political reform.
Broad guidelines for devising political reforms in India are :
(i) Legal ways of reforming politics
(ii) The Right to Information Act
(iii) Reforms through political practice
(iv) Implementation of reforms
Question : How are the challenges to democracy linked to the possibility of political reforms ? Explain.
Answer : Each challenge in democracy is linked to the possibility of reforms. All the countries do not have same challenges.
(i) Carefully devised changes in law can help to discourage wrong political practices.
(ii) Democratic reforms are to be carried out by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.
(iii) Political participation by ordinary citizen should be there and without coercion.
(iv) Democratic movements, citizens’s organization and media should play an important role.
(v) Empowerment of people through laws such as RTI.
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