CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wild Life Resources Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wild Life Resources Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 10 Geography. Standard 10 students should practise questions and answers given here for Geography in Grade 10 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 10 Geography prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Forest And Wild Life Resources Class 10 Geography Assignment Pdf

Class 10 Geography students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Forest And Wild Life Resources in standard 10. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Geography will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 10 Geography Assignment for Forest And Wild Life Resources

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Forest and Wildlife Resources

Question : Species whose population levels are considered to be normal for their survival are classified as_______. 
(a) Endangered species
(b) Normal species
(c) Vulnerable species
(d) Rare species
Answer : B
Explanation: Species whose population levels are considered to be normal for their survival are classified as Normal species.
 
Question : What is JFM? 
(a) Judicial Forest Management
(b) Junior Forest Manager
(c) Joint Forest Management
(d) Joint Forest Means.
Answer : C 
Explanation: Joint Forest Management. It is the official and popular term in India for partnerships in forest movement involving both the state forest departments and local communities.
 
Question : Which of the following was the first state to pass resolution for Joint Forest Management? 
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Assam
(c) Punjab
(d) Orissa 
Answer : D
Explanation: Orissa was the first state to pass resolution for Joint Forest Management
 
Question : The destruction of forests and wildlife is not just a biological issue. Which of the following statement justify the mentioned statement? 
(a) There is no link between the destruction of forest and poverty.
(b) There is no link between the destruction of forests and the loss of cultural diversity.
(c) There is no link between the destruction of forest and environment.
(d) The loss of forests have increasingly marginalised and impoverished many indigenous and other forest dependent communities.
Answer : D
Explanation: The destruction of forests and wildlife is not just a biological issue because the loss of forests have increasingly marginalised and impoverished many indigenous and other forest-dependent communities.
 
 

Very Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Forest and Wildlife Resources

Question : Name any the states which have the largest area under permanent forests.
Answer :  The states which have the largest area under permanent forests are:
i. Madhya Pradesh.
ii. Jharkhand. 

Question : What is the approximate number of species of animals found in India? 
Answer :  About 81,000 species of animals are found in India.

Question : How is cement industry responsible for land degradation?
Answer : Grinding and crushing of limestone for the cement industry generate a large amount of dust. As the dust settles down on the soil it reduces the process of infiltration of water into the soil. 

Question : Which soil type is the most widely spread and important soil in India?
Answer : Alluvial soil 
 
Question : Which three species of India’s flora and fauna are on the verge of extinction? 
Answer : Cheetah, Pink Headed Duck and Mountain Quail are India’s flora and fauna which are on the verge of extinction.
 
Question : Name the conservation strategies which directly involve community participation? 
Answer : Joint Forest Management, Chipko Movement are the conservation strategies which directly involve community participation.

 

Short Questions for Class 10 Social Science Forest and Wildlife Resources

Question : How is afforestation helpful in maintaining ecological balance?
Answer : Afforestation plays a major role in enhancing the quality of environment. It is helpful in maintaining ecological balance as they modify local climate.
i. They influence air temperature and reduce wind forces.
ii. Afforestation helps in controlling soil erosion.
iii. It provides natural environment for wild life.
iv. Afforestation helps in enhancing the quality of rainfall.
 
Question : 'India’s environment is at great risk'. Justify this statement. 
Answer :  'India’s environment is at great risk', because of the following reasons:
i. Over half of India’s natural forests are gone, one-third of its wetlands drained out.
ii. Nearly 70 per cent of its surface water bodies are polluted and 40 per cent of its mangroves eliminated.
iii. Hunting and trade of wild animals and commercially valuable plants are still going on.
iv. As a result, thousands of plant and animal species are heading towards extinction.

Question : In what ways the forests were harmed by the colonial government ?
Answer : (1) For expansion of railways.
        (2) For expansion of agricultural field.
        (3) For expansion of commercial and scientific forestry.
        (4) For expansion of milling activities. (Any three) 

Question : What do your know about “Permanent forest estates ? Name the state which his the largest area under these forest estates.
Answer :  Reserved and protected forests are also referred to as “Permanent forest estates”
      (1) These forest states are maintained for the purpose of producing timber and other forest produce and for protective reasons. State : Madhya Pradesh (75 percent of its total forest area) 

Question : Humans are dependent on the ecological system for their existence. Explain.
Answer : As a part of the ecological system human beings are dependent on it for their existence. For example :
      (1) We breathe in air, we drink water, we grow crops in soil, etc. These are the non living components of the ecological system.
     (2) On the other hand plants, animals and other microorganisms recreate the quality of these non living components. 

Question : Name any two North Eastern States of India having over 60 percent of Forests cover. Give two reasons.
Answer : States - (i) Arunachal Pradesh (ii) Manipur
        (1) There is an abundance of rainfall in N.E. States.
        (2) The hilly terrain of these states protects the forests from human exploitation. 

Question : Distinguish between the renewable and nonrenewable resources.
Answer : Renewable Resources : Resources that can be replenished after a short period of time are called Renewable Resources. For example – agricultural crops, wind energy, water, forest, wildlife, etc.
Non-renewable Resources : Resources which takes million years of time to replenish are called non-renewable resources. For example – fossil fuels. We must remember that some resources like metals are recyclable. 

Question : Mention any three features of arid soils.
Answer : (i) Arid soils range from red to brown in colour.
(ii) They are generally sandy in texture and saline in nature.
(iii) Due to dry climate, high temperature, evaporation is faster and the soil lacks humus and moisture.
(iv) The lower horizons of the soil are occupied by Kankar because of the increasing calcium content. 

Question : 'Land is a natural resource of utmost importance'. Justify the statement with appropriate arguments.
Answer : (i) We live on land, we perform our economic activities on land and we use it in different ways.
(ii) It supports natural vegetation, wildlife, human life, economic activities, transports and communication system.
(iii) It is an asset of a finite magnitude. 

Question : Suggest any three methods of soil conservation suitable to Indian conditions.
Answer : Methods of soil conservation :
(i) Ploughing along the contour lines can decrease the speed of water flow down the slopes.
(ii) Step or terrace cultivation on slopes restricts erosion. Western and central Himalayas have well- developed terrace farming areas.
(iii) Strip cropping : Here large fields can be divided into strips. Strips of grass are left to grow between the crops. This breaks up the force of the wind.
(iv) Shelter belt plantation : Trees are planted in rows. These shelter belts have led to the stabilisation of sand dunes and in stabilising the desert in western India.  

Question : Highlights the reason for land being known as an utmost important natural resources.
Answer : Land is a resource of utmost importance due to following reasons:
* It’s a fixed factor of production and supports all economic activities.
* It also supports natural vegetation wildlife and various other resources.

Question : Write any three features of unclassed forests. 
Answer : Three features of unclassed forests are:
i. They consists of inaccessible forests or unoccupied wastes.
ii. They belong to both government and private individuals and communities.
iii. These are mostly found in the North-eastern states and parts of Gujarat where these are managed by the local communities.
 
Question : What is a national park? Name any two national parks of India. 
Answer : A national park is relatively a large area where several ecosystems exist freely and are not disturbed materially by human exploitation and occupation. There the plants and animal species, aesthetic sites and habitats are of special scientific, educational and recreational interest.
There are 89 national parks in the country.
The Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand and Dudwa National Park in U.P.

 

Long Questions for Class 10 Social Science Forest and Wildlife Resources

Question : Which good practices are exercised to conserve forests and wildlife? 
Answer :  In some areas of India, local communities are struggling to conserve forests and wildlife along with government officials, to secure their own livelihood.
i. The famous Chipko Movement in the Himalayas was organised which has not only successfully resisted deforestation in several areas but has also shown that community afforestation with indigenous species can be enormously successful.
ii. Attempts to revive the traditional conservation methods or developing new methods of ecological farming are new widespread.
iii. In India, Joint Forest Management (JFM) Programme furnishes as a good example for involving local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.
iv. Nature worship is an age-old tribal belief based on the premise that all creations of nature have to be protected. Such beliefs have preserved several virgin forests in pristine form called ‘Sacred Groves’.
v. The Central Government has announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were gravely threatened including the tiger, one-horned Rhinoceros, etc. 


Question : Discuss the factors responsible for land degradation in India.
Answer : The important factors responsible for land degradation in India are as follows :
(a) Deforestation : By an estimate over one million hectares of forest is lost every year in India.
(b) Erosion: Loss of vegetation cover makes land more susceptible to erosion. Wind and water have left vast tracts of land barren. Water erodes top soil to an extent of around 12,000 million tons per annum.
(c) Over-Irrigation : Successive cropping and over-irrigation, leads to water-logging and consequent salinization and alkalization. This situation mainly arises due to poor drainage.
(d) Floods and Droughts: Drought is both man- made and environment-induced. Man has played a key role in the creation of drought-prone areas by over-exploitation of natural resources like forests, degradation by grazing, excessive withdrawal of ground water, silting of tanks, rivers, etc.
Floods, on the other hand, are caused by heavy rains in a very short period. Each situation could have been altered had there been good vegetation cover. Vegetation helps in reducing run-off, increasing infiltration and reducing soil erosion.
(e) Over-grazing: India has the worlds largest cattle population, but not enough pasture land. This has led to serious problems as animals have encroached into forest lands and even agricultural lands. Land degradation due to overgrazing leads to desert like conditions.
(f ) Pollution -Pollution of land is caused by disposal of solid waste, refuse from domestic, industrial and agricultural sectors. Another major source of land pollution is the creation of derelict land due to mining particularly due to surface and underground mining activities.

Question : What were the views of foresters and environmentalists regarding the degrading factors behind the depletion of forest resources? 
Answer : The views of foresters and environmentalists regarding the degrading factors behind the depletio n of forest resources are:
i. Many foresters and environmentalists hold the view that the greatest degrading factors behind the depletion of forests resources are grazing and fuelwoodcollection.
ii. Though there may be some substance in their argument, yet, the fact remain that a substantial part of the fodder demand is met by lopping rather than by felling entire trees.
iii. The forest ecosystems are repositories of some of the country’s most valuable forest products, minerals and other resources that meet the demands of the rapidly expanding industrial-urban economy.
iv. These protected areas, thus mean different things to different people, and therein lays the fertile ground for conflicts.

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