CBSE Class 8 English Worksheet - Passage
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Surgical Instruments Designed due to necessity
New Delhi: Necessity, they say, is the mother of invention. And Indian doctors have been quite creative when hamstrung by few or no tools to perform specific surgeries. They simply design it themselves at one-fourth the price they are sold abroad. In fact, some of their innovations are priced at as much as hundreds of dollars abroad. Take 47-year-old Dr Burjor P Banaji, pioneer of Lasik surgery in India. He’s invented over a dozen surgical instruments. When this senior eye surgeon at Max Eye Care started Lasik, there were few surgeons doing it worldwide and no specific instruments were available either.
“As I want things super-perfect, I designed a whole slew of instruments that made my surgery more efficient,” says Banaji. The most popular instruments are Banaji Lasik Shield and Banaji Lasik Spatula and Canulae. It was simple. “I had the designs in my head. Putting them down on paper was the simplest thing.” he says. Instruments manufacturers and large multinationals in the US snapped them up. “They would send me computer generated drawings which I would correct and send back. Their level of execution was astounding. Within two weeks of the designs being finalised, the instruments were in the world market.” His instruments are priced at hundreds of dollars each in the US, and are also sold in Switzerland, South America, Korea, Eastern Europe, Africa and Japan. They’re available in India at a fraction of the price.
1. Answer these questions.
a. How have some doctors dealt with the problem of “No tools to perform specific surgeries”?
b. Who is Dr Burjor P Banaji?
c. Describe the complete process of making instruments for specific surgeries.
d. Name some of Banaji’s surgical instruments.
2. Find words from the passage which mean the same as:
a. amazing ............................................
b. small part ............................................
Once, long ago, so I’ve been told,
When the world was only a few years old,
They didn’t have any A B C,
Like the one that was planned for you and me.
There weren’t any pens to nibble and bite,
And nobody knew the way to write,
Nobody learned the Capital G’s,
Nobody learned to cross their ts.
And whether you dotted an “i” or not,
Didn’t matter a jot,
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