Unseen Passage for Class 8 English Solved

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Class 8 English Unseen Passage

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Class 8 Solved Unseen Passage

Today, with a Nobel Prize to its credit, Grameen is one of the largest micro-finance organizations in the world. It started out lending small sums to poor entrepreneurs in Bangladesh to help them grow from a subsistence living to a livelihood. The great discovery its founders made was that even with few assets, these entrepreneurs repaid on time. Grameen and micro-finance have since become financial staples of the developing world.

Grameen’s approach, unlike other micro financiers, uses the group-lending model. Costs are kept down by having borrowers vet one another, tying together their financial fates and eliminating expensive loan officers entirely. The ultimate promise of Grameen is to use business lending as a way for people to lift themselves out of poverty. 3. Recently, Grameen has taken on a different challengeby setting up operations in the US .money may be tight in the waning recession, but it is still a nation 1,00,000 bank branches. Globally, the working microfinance equation consists of borrowing funds cheaply and keeping loan defaults and overhead expenses sufficiently low. Micro lenders, including Grameen, do this by charging colossal interest rates-as high as 60% or 70%-which is necessary to compensate for the risk and attract bank funding. but loans rates much above the standard 15% would most likely be attacked as usurious in America.

So, the question is whether there is a role for a Third World lender in the world’s largest economy. Grameen America believes that in a few years it will be successful and turn a profit, thanks to 9 million US households untouched by mainstream banks and 21 million using the likes of pay-day loans and pawn shops for financing. But enticing the unbanked won’t be easy. After all, profit has long eluded US micro financiers and if it is not lucrative, it is not micro-lending, but charity. When Grameen first went to the US, in the late 1980s, it tripped up. Under Grameen’s tutelage, banks started micro loans to entrepreneurs with a shocking 30% loss. But Grameen America says that this time results will be making loans, not training an American bank to do it. More often than not, the borrowers, Grameen finds, in the US already have jobs(as factory workers for example) or side business-selling toys, cleaning houses etc.

The loans from Grameen, by and large, provide a steadier source of funding, but they don’t create businesses out of nothing. But money isn’t everything. More importantly for many entrepreneurs, group members are tremendous sources of support to one another. So even if studies are yet to determine if Grameen is a clear-cut pathway out of poverty it still achieves something useful.

Question. What has adversely affected the success of micro-finance institutions in the US?
(i) The focus of these institutions is on making a profit at any cost instead of being charitable to the needy 
(ii) American banks engaged in micro-lending were the most severely hit during the recession
(iii) A widespread perception are better suited to developing countries
(iv) Their failure to attract those outside the formal banking system as customers
Ans : (iv) Their failure to attract those outside the formal banking system as customers

Question. Why was Grameen made a second attempt to launch itself in the US?
(i) The willingness of US banks to provide the necessary staff and funds to facilitate the spread of micro-finance
(ii) The rates of interest on loans in the US are exorbitant, making it easier to recover capital.
(iii) The realization that a large percentage of the American population not reached by mainstream banks can be tapped
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) The realization that a large percentage of the American population not reached by mainstream banks can be tapped

Question. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
(i) Micro-finance has been successful only in Asian countries
(ii) Micro-finance makes individual borrowers dependent rather than independent
(iii) America has the largest number of banks in the world
(iv) There is scope for micro-finance institutions to be profitable in developed countries
Ans : (iv) There is scope for micro-finance institutions to be profitable in developed countries

Question. According to the author, what has enhanced the likelihood of success for Grameen America at present?
(i) Its success in Bangladesh and other developing countries
(ii) Absence of other micro-finance institutions for competition
(iii) The fact that America is currently in the midst of a recession
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. Which of the following can be said about Grameen?
A. Its success in developing countries will ensure its success in developed countries
B. It ensures that the poor in developing countries enjoy a subsistence standard of living
C. It has demonstrated that the poor are far more likely to repay loans than the affluent
(i) Only C
(ii) Only A
(iii) Only A and C
(iv) Only B
Ans : (i) Only C

Question. What is the central theme of the passage?
(i) The conventional that Grameen is doomed to fail in developed countries
(ii) A comprehensive evaluation of the current status of the American economy
(iii) A discussion about the prospects of Grameen and micro-finance in the US.
(iv) The role of banks in facilitating microlending efforts in developed nations
Ans : (iii) A discussion about the prospects of Grameen and micro-finance in the US.

Question. Why was Grameen America’s initial US initiative of flop?
A. Lack of proper training to Grameen America personnel
B. Grameen’s refusal to adapt their system to meet the needs of the American poor.
C. It ended up giving loans at half their customary rates of interest
(i) None
(ii) only A
(iii) Only A and C
(iv) Only C
Ans : (iv) Only C

Question. Which of the following is a benefit of the Grameen system of micro-finance?
(i) If a single member is unable to repay a loan, other group members will repay
(ii) Dispensing with the expense of technology networks to monitor advances
(iii) It utilizes the vast bank network already existing in a country
(iv) Backing that borrowers receive from other group members
Ans : (iv) Backing that borrowers receive from other group members

Question. Which of the following is most similar in meaning to the word ‘ELUDED’ as used in the passage?
(i) Avoided
(ii) Duped
(iii) Abandoned
(iv) intangible
Ans : (i) Avoided

Question. Which of the following is most opposite in meaning to the word ‘COLOSSAL’ as used in the passage?
(i) short
(ii) Lavish
(iii) Minority
(iv) Insignificant
Ans : (iv) Insignificant

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with answers pdf

Long ago men spent most of their time looking for food. They ate anything they could find. Some lived mostly on plants. They ate the fruit, stems, and leaves of some plants and the roots of others. When food was scarce, they ate the bark of trees. If they were lucky, they would find a bird’s nest with eggs. People who lived near the water ate fish or anything that washed ashore, even rotten whales. Some people also ate insects and small animals like lizards that were easy to kill.

Later, men learned to make weapons. With weapons, they could kill larger animals for meat. These early people had big appetites. If they killed an animal, they would drink the blood, eat the meat, and chew the bones. When they finished the meal, there was nothing left.

At first men wandered from place to place to find their food. But when they began to grow plants, they stayed in one place and ate what they could grow. They tamed animals, trained them to work, and killed them for meat. Life was a little better then, but there was still not much variety in their meals. Day after day people ate the same foods.

Gradually men began to travel greater distances. The explorers who sailed unknown seas found new lands. And in these lands they found new foods and spices and took them back home.

The Portuguese who sailed’ around the stormy Cape of Good Hope to reach China took back “Chinese apples”, the fruit we call oranges today. Later, Portuguese colonists carried orange seeds to Brazil. From Brazil oranges were brought to California, the first place to grow oranges in the United States. Peaches and melons also came from China. So did a new drink, tea.

Question. What did men eat if there was shortage of food?
(i) Rotten whales
(ii) The bark of trees
(iii) The root of trees
(iv) A bird’s nest with eggs
Ans : (ii) The bark of trees

Question. If men tamed animals, they made the animals for them.
(i) Race
(ii) Search
(iii) Work
(iv) Hunt
Ans : (iii) Work

Question. Where did oranges come from?
(i) Brazil
(ii) China
(iii) U.S.A.
(iv) Portugal
Ans : (ii) China

Question. What difference did weapons make in the kinds of food?
(i) With weapons, they could kill animals
(ii) With weapons, they could kill both birds and animals for meat
(iii) With weapon, they could kill all kinds of animals for meat
(iv) With weapons, they could kill larger animals for meat
Ans : (iv) With weapons, they could kill larger animals for meat

Question. Which of the following statements is not true?
(i) The Portuguese colonists carried orange seeds to Brazil.
(ii) Oranges grow in California, in the United States.
(iii) Explorers took back home new foods and spices.
(iv) Peaches, melons, oranges, tea and spices came from China.
Ans : (iv) Peaches, melons, oranges, tea and spices came from China.

Question. The phrase ‘live on’ in the passage means
(i) To eat a certain kind of food in order to survive
(ii) To eat greedily
(iii) To eat everything that you are given to eat (iv) To depend on plants and foods for a livelihood
Ans : (i) To eat a certain kind of food in order to survive

Question. At first men wondered from place to place to find their food. Then some of them began to stay in one place, Why?
(i) Because they began to grow plants, and ate what they could grow
(ii) Because they tamed animals and birds, and killed them for meat
(iii) Because they trained wild animals and killed them for meat
(iv) Because they began to grow plants and fruits, and ate what they could grow
Ans : (i) Because they began to grow plants, and ate what they could grow

Question. Which word in the passage means ‘the main axis of a plant that bears buds and shoots’?
(i) Roots
(ii) Stems
(iii) Bark
(iv) Leaves
Ans : (ii) Stems

Question. What does the word ‘stormy’ in the expression ‘the stormy Cape of Good Hope’ mean?
(i) Volcanic
(ii) Strong
(iii) Hopeless
(iv) Rough
Ans : (iv) Rough

Question. Which of the following titles best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(i) Eat Healthy Food
(ii) The Search for Food
(iii) The Foods We Eat
(iv) Great Food Regions of the World
Ans : (ii) The Search for Food

Short Unseen Passage Class 8 with questions and answers

The Road to success is not straight; there is a curve called failure, a loop called confusion, speed bumps called friends, caution lights called family, and you will have flats called jobs. But, if you have a spare called determination, an engine called perseverance, insurance called faith, and a driver called God, you will make it to a place called success!

In spite of all our planning and preparation, unexpected challenges are certain to arise. The bumps in the road are unavoidable, but you’ll never get to your destination if you aren’t willing to drive over them. The difference between a disaster and triumph lies in whether or not you’re prepared and willing to weather the storm. If you’re ready, those bumps will become stepping-stones.

The key thing to realize is that working harder is same as working smarter. How do you work smarter? You just need to have the right skills. People want improved circumstances and better life without an improved self. They want victory without paying the price or making efforts. It really cannot happen without the other. Any improvements that have not been generated by improving yourself are superficial and short-lived. If you want to have a better future, you have to change yourself. Stop worrying about the various challenges that will come your way. Just believe in yourself and use them as stepping-stones.

‘Success’ is getting whatever you want out of life without violating the rights of others.” It is not an accident. Success is the result of our attitude and our attitude is a choice. Hence success is a matter of choice and not chance.

Today success represents a holistic and positive attitude to life. Attitude is everything. Success is not restricted within some kind of brick and mortar premises. It assumes the individuality of a complete act executed with perfection; material achievements do not define life. We don’t remember sports stars for the products they endorse but the spirit of achievement they represent. In the abundance of positive attitude underline the grandeur of a truly rewarding rich life.

Success can be measured from two standpoints - the external and the internal. Externally it is the measure of a job well done and recognition. Internally it the feeling of achievement and wholeness derived from the completion of a task or fulfilment of desire.

Question. The author refers to determination as ____.
(i) Speed bumps.
(ii) Flats
(iii) A spark
(iv) Insurance
Ans : (iii) A spark

Question. The author refers to insurance as _____.
(i) Spare
(ii) Engine
(iii) Caution lights
(iv) Faith
Ans : (iv) Faith

Question. Bumps become steeping stones when _____.
(i) You are willing to drive over them
(ii) Willing to avoid them
(iii) Cursing the authorities for constructing them
(iv) Talking an alternate route
Ans : (i) You are willing to drive over them

Question. Difference between disaster and triumph lies in
(i) Sulking and moving forward
(ii) Not being prepared to face disaster
(iii) Dreading to face disaster
(iv) Willing to weather the storm
Ans : (iv) Willing to weather the storm

Question. For success _____.
(i) Working harder is the key
(ii) Working hard is not the key
(iii) Working smarter and making efforts is the key.
(iv) Working smarter without hard work is the key
Ans : (iii) Working smarter and making efforts is the key.

Question. According to the passage, success is_____.
(i) a matter of chance
(ii) a matter of choice
(iii) Getting whatever you want
(iv) An accident
Ans : (ii) a matter of choice

Question. Success represents _____.
(i) Brick and mortar premise
(ii) Material achieavement
(iii) A rich life
(iv) Holistic and positive attitude to life
Ans : (iv) Holistic and positive attitude to life

Question. Success can be measured by two standpointsthe external and the internal. Externally it is the measure of a job well done and recognition.Internally it is _____.
(i) completing of a task
(ii) fulfilment of desire
(iii) job well done and recognition
(iv) the feeling of achievement and wholeness derived from the completion of a task or fulfilment of desire.
Ans : (iv) the feeling of achievement and wholeness derived from the completion of a task or fulfilment of desire.

Question. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?
(i) Success is a matter of chance and not a choice
(ii) Material achievements define life
(iii) The road to success is straight
(iv) Success is getting whatever you want out of life without violating the rights to others 
Ans : (iv) Success is getting whatever you want out of life without violating the rights to others.

Case based factual Passage for Class 8

There is absolutely no point in complaining that over the years, there has been pressure for Increased productivity and higher earning for works in industry. There are several ways for increasing employees’ earnings. Employee earnings can be Increased by raising the selling price of the firm’s products and services, productivity profits or costs of raw materials, or augmenting labour productivity.

However, increasing employee earning by means other than increased labour productivity jeopardizes the firm’s competitive strength in the market. Higher price usually mean fewer customers, reduced profit means less capital investment, and low cost materials mean poor product quality. But, increasing labour productivity by enhancing skills and motivation creates an almost unlimited resource. The development of economic resource, human as well as non-human, is the product of human effort, and the quality of human effort in large part depend on human motivation.

Enthusing employees with workaholic spirit through traditional authority and financial incentives has become increasingly difficult as employees become economically secure and their dependency on any one particular organisation decreases.

According to expectancy theorists, the motivation to work increases. when an employee feels his performance is an instrument for obtaining desired rewards; Nevertheless, in many organisation’s today employees are entitled to organisational rewards just by being employed. Unions, governmental regulations, and the nature of the job itself in some cases. Prevent management from relating financial rewards to performance. People may be attracted to join and remain in organisation’s to receive organisational rewards, but being motivated to join an organisation is not the same as being motivated to exert effort in an organisation.

The challenge to management is to final and administer alternative from of incentives which will induce employees to improve work performance.
Such alternative form’s of reinforcement will require increased understanding of motivational theories and programmes.

Question. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?
(i) Development of economic resources is primarily the product of market conditions
(ii) Earnings can be increased’ by lowering the selling price of products
(iii) Employees can be best motivated by providing financial incentives
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. Organisation’s can derive maximum advantages by
(i) providing financial incentives to employees regardless of performance
(ii) enhancing labour productivity by increasing skills and motivation
(iii) encouraging employees to expend greater physical energy
(iv) inducing employees to improve work performance and control their demands
Ans : (ii) enhancing labour productivity by increasing skills and motivation

Question. According to the passage, all of the following contribute to an increase in employee earnings except
(i) increasing the selling price of the company,s products
(ii) reducing profits in favour of employees
(iii) providing incentives and fringe benefits to employees
(iv) increased capital investment
Ans : (iv) increased capital investment

Question. Employee feel motivated to work when they
(i) experience good working conditions in the organisation
(ii) decide to produce goods and services as a result of team work
(iii) think of performance as a tool for obtaining rewards
(iv) relate rewards to material prosperity
Ans : (iii) think of performance as a tool for obtaining rewards

Question. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning or the word Induce as used in the passage.
(i) appreciate
(ii) stimulate
(iii) exhibit
(iv) inflate
Ans : (ii) stimulate

Question. Which of the following factors, according to the passage, adversely affects the organisation’s competitive strength
(i) Making rewards contingent on performance
(ii) Anti-productivity and anti-management activities of labour unions
(iii) Motivating employees with traditional authority
(iv) Increasing employee earnings regardless of their productivity
Ans : (iv) Increasing employee earnings regardless of their productivity

Question. Which of the following statements is/are not true in the context of the passage ?
A. Human effort is the cause of the development of economic resources.
B. Management is free to relate financial rearwards to performance.
C. Employees can be easily motivated with traditional authority today.
(i) Both A and B
(ii) Only C
(iii) Only A and C
(iv) Only B and C
Ans : (iv) Only B and C

Question. Which of the following factors determine the quality of human efforts ?
(i) Desire and willingness of an individual to excel in whatever he undertakes
(ii) Economic resources available with the organisation
(iii) The individual’s innovativeness
(iv) None of these
Ans : (i) Desire and willingness of an individual to excel in whatever he undertakes

Question. In the context of the passage, a company’s competitive strength in the market is affected mainly because of 
A. a slump in the international market
B. poor inter-departmental coordination
C. decreased labour productivity
(i) only A
(ii) only B
(iii) only C
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) only C

Question. Which of the following words is most opposite in meaning to the word ‘jeopardises’ as used in the passage ?
(i) safeguards
(ii) endangers
(iii) projects
(iv) devalues
Ans : (i) safeguards

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with answers

Read the following poem carefully.

You are still young but as you grow older you will realise how inwardly man goes through hell, goes through great misery, because he is in constant battle with himself, with his wife, with his children, with his neighbours, with his gods. He is in sorrow and confusion there is no love, no kindliness, no generosity and no charity. And a person may have a Ph.D. after his name or he may become a businessman with houses and cars but if he has no love, no affection, kindliness, no consideration, he is really worse than an animal because he contributes to a world that is destructive.

So, while you arc young, you have to know all these things. You have to be shown all these things. You have to be exposed to all these things so that your mind begins to think. Otherwise you will become like the rest of the world. And without love, without affection, without charity and generosity, life becomes a terrible business. That is why one has to look into all these problems of violence. Not to understand violence is to be really ignorant is to be without intelligence and without culture.

Answer the following questions.

1.What will you realize as you grow older?
2.Who is worse than an animal?
3.When does life become a terrible business?
4.Why is it necessary to understand violence?
5.Why are all these things shown and exposed to you?
6.Why is he really worse than an animal?
7.Find out from the passage the word which is opposite to 'heaven’.
8.Write the word from the passage which means "thoughtfulness towards others'.

Suggested answer of the above questions:-

1.As you grow older, you will realise that inwardly man goes through great misery because he is always in conflict with himself and others.
2.One who has no love, affection, kindness and consideration for others is worse than an animal.
3.Life becomes a terrible business in the absence of love, affection, charity and generosity.
4.Not to understand violence is to be really ignorant, to be without intelligence and without culture.
5.All these things are shown and exposed to me so that my mind begins to work.
6.He is really worse than an animal because he contributes to a world that is destructive.
7.hell
8.consideration

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with questions and answers pdf

Read the following passage carefully

(1) Everything, from water or air to a whale or a mobile phone, is made of tiny particles called atoms. The things around us are solids, liquids or gases depending on the arrangement of the atoms and molecules inside them. There are over 100 different kinds of atoms, which are in turn made of smaller parts called sub atomic particles. Two or more atoms join together to make a molecule.

(2) Stones are hard because they are solids. Atoms or molecules in solids are packed tightly and neatly together. This means solids hold their shape. Some solids are bendy or squashy, such as rubber or feathers. The hardness of a solid depends on how tightly its atoms are held together.

(3) Honey is runny because it is a liquid. The molecules inside a liquid are less tightly packed than they are in a solid, and are not rigidly linked. That is why liquids can flow and take the shape of the container we pour them into. Some liquids are thick, such as honey. Others are thin, such as water.

(4) Helium balloons float in the air because the gas inside them is lighter than air. In all gases molecules move around quickly in all directions. Gases do not stay in one shape as solids do. They can spread out to fill any shape or space.

TYPE I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate.

1.Paragraph I mainly deals with

(a) water and air

(b) structure of atoms and molecules

(c) living and non-living things

(d) different types of molecules

2."This means solids hold their shape' (Paragraph 2).Here 'this' refers to

(a) hardness of stones

(b) characteristic of solids

(c) the way atoms are structured in solids

(d) the bendy or squashy quality of some solids

3.Most liquids can flow and take the shape of the container they are in because

(a) they are runny

(b) they are different from solids

(c) they are thin

(d) their atoms are not held together tightly

4.A conclusion that can be safely drawn from the last paragraph is

(a) a heavier than air object can also float or fly in the air

(b) any lighter than air object can float or fly in the air

(c) no floating or flying thing stays in one place

(d) any floating or flying thing is filled with air

5.Only one of the following statements is not stated in the passage. Identity it.

(a) One form of matter can change into another

(b) In gases atoms are held together very loosely.

(c) Liquids can be thick or thin.

(d) Different atoms combine to make molecules

TYPE-II (Sentence Completion Questions)

Complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided.

(a) Things can be solid, liquid or gas depending upon how................................. are arranged in them.

(b) Particles smaller than atoms are called........................................

(c) A molecule is made up of..................................

(d) How hard a solid is depends on how its atoms are...........................

(e) Gases are different from solids in that................................

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(d)
4.(b)
5.(a)

Type II (Sentence Completion Questions)

Atoms and molecules

Sub-atomic particle

Two or more atoms

Packed

They do not have a definite shape.

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with questions and answers

Read the following passage carefully:-

(1) The one great advantage I enjoyed in my younger days was the literary and artistic atmosphere which pervaded at home. I remember my cousin Gunendra. He kept the house filled with his personality. His large gracious heart embraced alike relatives, friends, guests and dependents. His wide appreciation of art and talent kept him constantly radiant with enthusiasm. New idea of festivity or frolic, theatrical or other entertainment, found in him a ready patron.

(2) I remember how a trifling circumstance earned for me the special regard of Gunendra. Never had I got a prize at school, except once for good conduct. My nephew Satya was the best in lessons and was awarded a prize at an examination. As we came home that day, I jumped off the carriage, to give the great news to Gunendra.

(3) Satya has got a prize. 'I shouted, as Iran to him. He drew mc close and smilingly asked, ‘and have you got no prize?' 'No, not I. It's Satya,' I said excitedly. My genuine pleasure at Satya's success totuched him and he remarked lo his friends that this was a very commendable trait. I had earned a prize for not getting a prize.

TYPE -I(Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate

1.He kept the house filled with his personality. 'By this statement the author means that Gunendra

(a) was the best member of the family

(b) dominated everyone and everything

(c) was creative, fun loving& appreciative of others

(d) patronised everyone

2.What emotions did art and talent arouse in Gunendra?

(a) truthfulness

(b) honesty

(e) enthusiasm

(d) lethargy

3.Gunendra always had new ideas

(a) related to business

(b) of appreciation

(c) of mischief

(d) of festivity

4..............that this was a very commendable trait' (Paragraph 3). Here 'this' refers to

(a) Satya's success

(b) a touching moment

(c) the author's happiness at Satya's success

(d) Gunendra's appreciation for the author

5.How did the author get a prize?

(a) he did well in his examination

(b) his cousin gave it to him

(c) he earned it for being generous

(d) he took it from his nephew

TYPE-Il (Sentence Completion Questions)

Complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided.

1.An advantage that quite possibly helped the author become a world famous literary artist later in his life was that his home............................
2.The great news that the author was eager to break was................. at school.
3.The only prize that the author had won at school was......................
4.The author's trait that won him his cousin Gunendra's appreciation was ........................ instead of feeling jealous.
5.A word in the passage that means the same as 'small and insignificant’ is ......................... 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(c)
2.(c)
3.(b)
4.(c)
5.(c)

Type II (Sentence Completion Questions):-

1.Where there was literary and artistic atmosphere pervaded at home.
2.Satya got a prize at school.
3.For his good conduct.
4.Genuine pleasure at Satya’s success.
5.Trifling

Unseen Passage with questions and answers for Class 8

Read the following passage carefully.

While the advanced countries the use of horn is an exception, we appear to drive on the horn and brakes. Drivers have developed a habit of using the horn whether needed or not. "Horn if you want side” is painted on some vehicles, which means they won't move unless compelled to do so by a loud sound. The concept that slower vehicles should keep left and give way to faster vehicles is not known to our drivers. The result a mindless cacophony of noise that is disturbing. This urban noise level is high mostly because of ill-maintained engines and use of the horn. Despite the fact that some areas are classified as "No horn" zones, this is observed more in the breach than practice.

Visitors from overseas wonder how we put up with such noise that is ear-splitting. The fact is the traffic police themselves are not setting examples to others. They should take interest in advising drivers to use the horn sparingly, if at all.

It is often used to scare others or get the right of way. Indiscipline is the root cause of such rash driving using the power of one's shrill horn. For the urban noise level to come down there is no alternative to curbing the use of horn strictly. Fines should be imposed on those who use the horn unnecessarily.

TYPE - I (Multiple Choice Questions

Write the option you consider the most appropriate.

1."Horn if you want side" (Paragraph 1). This message shows that

(a) Indian drivers are not deaf

(b) Indian drivers use horn sparingly

(c) Indian drivers follow traffic safety rules

(d) Indian drivers are directly responsible for horn nuisance

2.Mindless cacophony on roads is a result of

(a) driver's ignorance of basic traffic rules

(b) violation of "No horn" zones

(c) ear-splitting noise

(d) the right of way

3.Visitors from other countries often wonder

(a) how we make so much noise on roads

(b) how we control noise pollution

(c) how we tolerate noise pollution

(d) how our police breaks all traffic laws

4."They should take interest in..........." (Paragraph 2). Here 'they' refers to

(a) drivers

(b) police

(c) foreign visitors to India

(d) urban people

6.A word in the passage that means the same as 'controlling or 'restricting' is

(a) curbing

(b) sparingly

(c) shrill

(d) breach

TYPE Il [Sentence Completion Guestions)

Complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided.

1.According to the author most Indian drivers are different from the drivers in advanced countries in the sense that they use...............................
2.Two things that contribute to noise in cities are: (i)................. and (ii).......................

3 ".........this is observed more in the breach than practice" (Paragraph 1). This' here refers to.

4.Two ways the author suggests to reduce noise levels in cities are: (i)........and (ii)...............
5.A word in the passage that means the same as 'a harsh or unpleasant mixture of sound' is.............

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(d)
2.(b)
3.(a)
4.(b)
5.(a)

Type II (Sentence Completion Question)

1.Because they did not know the concept of slower vehicles should drive on left and give way to faster vehicles.
2.(i) ill maintained engine (ii) use of horn
3.No harm zone
4.(i) use of horn sparingly (ii) maintain discipline
5.Shrill

English Unseen Passage for Class 8 pdf with answers

1.Read the following passage carefully.

(1) It seems the common house sparrow has disappeared from the city. But ornithologists maintain that while sparrow numbers are dwindling, the bird has not disappeared entirely from the city and only shifted to more inhabitable parts. Conservationists are now trying to understand why some areas have managed to hold back sparrows and what has driven them away from other.

(2) Recent countrywide survey initiative called Citizen Sparrow is now roping in residents who want to report about their experience with sparrows. So far, 86 of them have claimed they have not seen any sparrows at all. But the majority seem to have sighted the bird, which gives new hope to conservationists.

(3) "I have seen lots of sparrows in Ghaziabad and in Sheikh Sarai where I live but hardly any in –say the Greater Kailash area. What is different in GK and other parts is still a mystery. But certain factors drawing the birds have become clearer, such as they nest more around old buildings houses or maybe-in horses where there are old electricity meters, kitchen gardens, shrubs.’ Says co investigator, BNHS Citizen Sparrow Project, Koustubh Sharma. The urban landscape might he behind the decline in the sparrow population. 

TYPE - I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate. 

1.According to the passage, the sparrow population has

(a) returned to cities after a gap

(b) has been relocated to city gardens and shrubs

(c) moved to more liveable parts of cities

(d) totally disappeared from cities

2.The chief purpose of Citizen Sparrow' programme, is to make people

(a) catch sparrows

(b) describe their experiences with sparrows

(c) relocate sparrows

(d) bring sparrows back to the city

3.What is a 'mystery for Koustubh Sharma?

(a) how sparrows have reappeared in the city

(b) why the population of sparrows has become less

(c) why sparrows make their nests in places like electricity meters, gardens, shrubs etc

(d) why sparrows are present in some parts and absent in others

4.Certain factors have become clearer. The author has given which of the following as an example of these certain factors?

(a) breeding pattern of sparrows

(b) relocation plan of sparrows

(c) nesting habits of sparrows

(d) eating habits of sparrows

5.According to Kousfubh Sharma, the possible reason of the fall in sparrow population is the changing

(a) climate of the world

(b) city landscape

(c) agriculture patterns

(d) pollution levels 

TYPE II (Short Answer Questions)

Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided. 

  1. What do ornithologists think about sparrows ‘so called disappearance?
  2. What are conservationists trying to understand?
  3. What gives new hope to the conservationists?
  4. What kind of places do sparrows seem to prefer to nest? 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(a)
2.(b)
3.(d)
4.(b)
5.(b)

Type II (Short Answer Question)

  1. Ornithologists think about sparrows ‘so called’ disappearance that sparrows are not completely disappeared but house shifted to more inhabit parts.
  2. Conservationists are trying to understand why some areas have managed to hold back sparrows and what has driven them away from others.
  3. Most of the people have sighted the birds, is a new hope to the conservationists.
  4. Sparrows seem to prefer to nest around old buildings, houses or old electricity meters, kitchen gardens, shrubs.

Comprehension Passages for Class 8

Read the following Unseen Poem for Class 8 carefully.

MOONLIGHT

1 Deep in the night

When all is still

A moon beam climbs the window-sill.

Over your bed

2 It softly flies

To see if sleep has closed your eyes.

A pinch of gold

Some fairy sand

3 It clasped within that moonbeam's hand

And if by chance

You're not asleep

4 It comes tip-toe on gentle feet.

To touch your eyes

With golden beams

And take you to the land of dreams.

TYPE I (Multiple Choice Questions]

Write the option you consider the most appropriate

1.The poet speaks of the moonlight as if it were

(a) a watchman

(b) a thief

(c) a shadow

(d) a fairy

2."A pinch of gold/ Some fairy sand"(lines 7 -8). The poet has used this expression to describe

(a) the colour of the moonlight

(b) a child's dream world

(c) the face of the moon

(d) the face of an innocent child

3.A soothing effect of the moonlight is that

(a) it climbs the window-sill

(b) it tip-toes on gentle feet

(c) it puts a child to sleep

(a) it rubs a pinch of golden sand on eyes

4.The "you" in the poem most probably is

(a) the poet himself

(b) a little child

(c) a mother

(d) a golden fairy

5.Which of the following expressions best describes the silent movement of the moonlight?

(a) Deep in the night

(b) All is still

(c) Climbs the window-sill

(d) Comes tip-toe on gentle feet

TYPE -II (Gap Filing & Sentence Completion Questions)

Given below is the summary of the poem. Complete it by writing the missing word against the correct blank number in the space provided.

During the night, rays of (a).......... slowly come inside rooms through the (b)..........over your (c)............ . It appears (d)............ in colour and comes to check if you are (e)........... or not. In case you are not asleep, it (f).......... on its feet and touches your (g)........... . Then you are taken to the world of (h)............ 

TYPE -III

Complete the following statement as briefly as possible.

A word in the poem that means the same as 'held tightly' is........... 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(d)
2.(a)
3.(b)
4.(b)
5.(c)

Type II (Gap Filling & Sentence Completing Questions):-

1.Moon
2.Window-sill
3.Bed
4.Golden
5.Sleeping
6.Tip-toe
7.Eyes
8.Dreams

Type III Complete the following statement as briefly as possible.

1.Clasped

Class 8 Solved Unseen Passage

Read the following Unseen Passage for Class 8 with Answers carefully.

(1) Pyramids have an inexplicable power to preserve the things placed inside them. Pyramids were used in ancient Egypt to preserve the mummies of the pharaohs or king. It was found that small desert animals that had wandered into the pyramids had died but not decayed. Bevis, a Frenchman experimented with various models of pyramids - by placing inside them highly perishable food. Surprisingly they were preserved far beyond their usual span.

(2) A Czech engineer Karl Drbal read about the experiments by Bevis and wondered whether the pyramids will have similar effect on the corrosion of metals. He left some blunt blades under the model pyramid and indeed the blades had become sharper. Drbal's invention was patented.

(3) How and why this works no one knows. A razor blade has edges made up of a fine layer of crystals. The edges are so fine that it is believed that the pressure of moonlight can rub them off and sharpen the blade. May be the shape of the pyramid has the power to concentrate the energy on the things placed in it.

(4) The possibility of power the pyramids have is endless. May be it could be used to preserve youth, ensure good health or may be even build your house in the shape of pyramid and so increase your life span.

(5) Would you like to build a cardboard pyramid and try some simple experiments like sharpening a blade? Make sure you perform your experiment under the care of a grown-up.

TYPE -I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate. 

1.The main idea of the passage is

(a) Pyramids have great preservative power

(b) Pyramids were used for preserving mummies

(c) Pyramids are subject of many scientific experiments

(d) Pyramids architecture should be adopted for modern buildings.

2.The pyramids were made to

(a) protect desert animals

(b) concentrate energy

(c) bury Egyptian kings

(d) preserve food

3.How and why this works no one knows (Paragraph 2). Here the word this' refers to

(a) sharpening of blades

(b) sharpening of blunt blades in pyramids 

(c) effect of moonlight on blades

(d) experiment of Karl Drbal

4.The word patented' in Paragraph 2 means

(a) belonging to all

(b) not owned by anyone

(c) exclusively owned

(d) owned by the government

5.The power of pyramids

(a) has been fully developed

(b) is being explored

(c) is of no use at all

(d) has unlimited uses

TYPE - II (Sentence Completion Questions)

On the basis of your reading of the passage, complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided.

1.Complete the following list of the pyramid's benefits.

(i) they preserve organic matter like dead bodies

(ii) they don't allow...........

(iii) they prevent ................

1.Pyramids can possibly increase our life span by: (i)................... (ii).................
2.The secret of the power of Pyramids may be in its shape. The sentence in the passage that best conveys this idea is.....................................
3.The author advises that young children should perform simple experiments like sharpening a blade under the care of a grown-up so that......................
4.A word in Paragraph 1 that means “that cannot be understood or explained" is .................... 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(a)
3.(c)
4.(c)
5.(b)

Type II (Sentence Completion Questions)

1.(ii) decaying (ii) the matter for beyond their usual span
2.(i) preserving youth (ii) good health
3.The shape of pyramid has the power to concentrate the energy on the things placed in it
4.They won’t harm themselves
5.Inexplicable

Unseen Passage for Class 8

Read the following Unseen Passage for Class 8 with Answers carefully.

(1) The First rule of diary keeping is to throw away any booklet that is ruled with equal spaces for every day, because not every day is worthy of the space allotted to if, and some are worth a great deal more. Keep your diary in a blank notebook, or type it, as I have done for the past 20 years, on loose sheets of paper to file in a ring-binder.

(2) The second rule is not to write your diary every day, but wait until something interesting happens. You should write only when you wish to, which means when you want to show off a bit, grouse a bit, or drain away a disappointment.

(3) It is the recipient of your confidences, pledged to secrecy. So rule three is to lock it up, or write it in Swahili.

(4) write it in the morning because sleep irons out the day's wrinkles.

(5) And do not mention the weather, minor illnesses, or times of trains. The diary of King George contained this entry: "It rained today, harder than yesterday: I hope it will not rain tomorrow. "This is not what diaries are for. Their purpose is slowly to create a self-portrait, based on your activities, hopes, fears and relationships.

(6) A diary should not be too contrived. It is not a work of literature. But it must be observant and, within limits, truthful

(7) Train yourself to notice things that most of us take for granted, such as other people's mannerisms, dross, speech, rooms, books, gardens, as indicative of their characters - this is what will interest posterity. And remember conversations.

(8) Finally, remember that Pepys and Boswell did not destroy or mutilate them before they died. To do so would have been an act of self-immolation. So do not destroy yours.

TYPE - I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate.

1.One should not write a diary in a notebook with equal spaces for everyday because

(a) it takes up too much space

(b) some days have more to write about than others.

(c) everyday is the same

(d) it is a waste of paper

2.'Write it in Swahili' (Paragraph 3) means

(a) one should learn a new language

(b it should not be written legibly

(c) it should be kept secret

(d) it should not be written in English

3.According to the author

(a) a diary is supposed to give glimpses of the writer 

(b) one records the weather patterns in diaries

(c) other people are portrayed in diaries

(d) Diaries should be written at night

4.Destroying a diary would be like

(a) erasing records

(d) destroying oneself

(c) destroying memories

(d) forgetting events

TYPE Il (Sentence Completion Questions] 

1.On the basis of your reading of the passage, complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided
2."Until something interesting happens" (Paragraph 2). Two examples the author gives as "something interesting" to write about are: (i).................(ii)................ 

3.Some topics to be avoided in diary writing include (any two): (i)................ (ii) ................
4.Complete the following ‘list of Rules of Diary Writing' as briefly as possible.

NIGEL NICOLSON'S RULES OF DIARY WRITING:

1.Keep your diary in a blank notebook or type it on loose sheets.
2.Write only when something interesting happens.
3.(i).........................................................
4.Write it in the morning.
5.Avoid writing on trivial matters.
6.It should be observant and, within limits, truthful.
7.Include (ii).............. as they will interest posterity.
8.(iii)..........................whatever you write.

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(c)
4.(d)
5.(b)

Type II (Sentence Completion Questions)

(i) show off a bit (ii) drain away a disappointment

(i) weather (ii) minor illness

(i) keep the diary locked up, write it in Swahili

(ii) indicative of other characters

(iii) do not destroy or mutilate

Unseen Passage with multiple choice questions for Class 8

Read the following Unseen Passage for Class 8 with Answers carefully.

DARE TO REFUSE

(1) When the D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) Officer walked into the class on the first day of the programme, I did not know what to expect. The next 17 weeks made me aware of what I am expected to face. So many people do drugs, smoke, and get dangerously drunk, knowing the consequences. I Learned in D.AR.E. that you always have a choice. You can always say "No".

(2) If you succumb to peer pressure then you are weak.

(3) Sometimes people do drugs for reasons other than to look cool. "They might have problems at home or they might be stressed out. They take drugs to get away from it all, and forget their problems and relax. But they do damage life.

(4) Kids use their money to pay drug dealers for expensive drugs. They lose their jobs, forget their loved ones and family and end up on the street. I learned that many people become addicts due to what they see on television and advertisements. D.A.R.E. taught me to tell the difference between a commercial and a public service announcement. 

(5) In those 17 weeks we were taught to help make the right choice. It prepared me for the next few years of my life when pressures would be extreme. Now I know what drugs can do and how bad it is. Though it may not seem like much, one person making the right choices and being strong can make a difference.

TYPE -1 [Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate:- 

1.In this passage the author's purpose is

(a) to describe how people become addicts 

(b) to discuss the causes of addiction

(c) to discuss the causes of addiction

(d) to highlight the consequences of drug addiction

2.'......... you always have a choice' (paragraph 1). Here choice refers to

(a) deciding when to start taking drugs

(b) deciding when to quit drugs

(c) choosing only one among drinking, smoking & drugs

(d) saying a firm no to all of them

3.The expression succumb to peer pressure' (Paragraph 2) means

(a) to be forced to do what friends say or do 

(b) fight against pressure

(c) pressurize friends to do something

(d) inspired to do what others are doing

4.People take drugs

(a) fully knowing their harmful effects 

(b) because drugs are 'cool'

(c) for a variety of reasons

(d) because drugs damage life

5.Organisations like DARE help people to

(a) reduce the use of drugs

(b) say no to drugs even under pressure

(c) cope with pressure

(d) make a difference

TYPE Il (Sentence Completion Questions)

On the basis of your reading of the passage, complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided 

1.Succumbing to peer pressure to take drugs is a........................

2.The choice one has in the case of drugs is to...................

3.Reasons why people take drugs are:

(i) Peer pressure (ii)................. (iii)................. (iv) ................ (v) ..............

4.Two consequences of drug abuse by kids are:

(i)........................... (ii)............................ 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(c)
2.(d)
3.(a)
4.(b)
5.(d)

Type II (Sentence Completion Questions):-

1.Weakness of the person
2.To take a right choice and make a difference
3.(i) peer pressure (ii) to look cool (iii) problem at (iv) stressed out (v) to relax
4.(i) lose their jobs (ii) forget their loved ones

Unseen Passage for Class 8

In November 1918, he joined Sydenham College as a professor of political economics and worked there for two years. With his little savings, some help from the Maharaja of Kolhapur, and with a loan of five thousand rupees from his friend, Naval Bhathena, he left for England in 1920 to complete his studies in Law and Economics. He resumed his studies at the London School of Economics and kept his terms at Gray’s Institute of Law. He turned his attention to the London Museum where the relics of the saintly and scientific thoughts are preserved, where the ruins of the antique world are displayed and where Karl Marx, Mazzini, Lenin and Savarkar had dug for knowledge and digested it.

In the Museum, he poured over books from morning till evening. Time was an important factor with him. To save both money and time, he would go without lunch. After this, the second round of reading begins at his residence. The endless reading would go on till early morning. He told his room-mate that his poverty and want of time require him to finish his studies as early as possible.

During these studies in London for his academic eminence, he had not forgotten the real aim in his life. He could not for a minute forget the dumb faces of the untouchables in India. He took up this matter with the Secretary of State for India and also held discussions with Mr. Vithalbhai Patel in London. Neither he could forget the alien political realities of the nation.

In a paper read before the Students Union and also in his famous thesis “The Problem of the Rupees”, he exposed the hollowness of the British policies in India, which caused a stir in the academic world of London and Ambedkar was suspected to be an Indian Revolutionary.

Question. Where did Dr. Ambedkar teach?
(i) London School of Economics
(ii) Sydenharn College
(iii) London Museum
(iv) Gray’s Institute of Law
Ans : (ii) Sydenharn College

Question. Dr. Ambedkar was a teacher of
(i) Political Economics
(ii) Law
(iii) Literature
(iv) Political Science
Ans : (i) Political Economics

Question. Who amongst the following was Dr. Ambedkar’s benefactor?
(i) Raja of Kathiawar
(ii) Queen of England
(iii) Raja of Kolhapur
(iv) Lord Gray
Ans : (iii) Raja of Kolhapur

Question. Name Dr. Ambedkar’s friend who helped him to go to England.
(i) Nawal Kishore
(ii) Karl Marx
(iii) Lenin
(iv) Naval Bhathena
Ans : (iv) Naval Bhathena

Question. Why did Dr. Ambedkar try to finish his studies as early as possible?
(i) due to illness
(ii) for lack of resources and time
(iii) due to adverse climate
(iv) due to nostalgia
Ans : (ii) for lack of resources and time

Question. What was Dr. Ambedkar’s real aim in life?
(i) Upliftment of the downtrodden caste
(ii) Upliftment of his family
(iii) Academic eminence
(iv) Successful career as a lawyer
Ans : (i) Upliftment of the downtrodden caste

Question. What was the core slogan raised by Dr. Ambedkar?
(i) Self-awareness amongst the oppressed
(ii) Open revolt
(iii) Pacification of the untouchables
(iv) Revolt of the oppressors
Ans : (i) Self-awareness amongst the oppressed

Question. Where did Dr. Ambedkar spend most of his time in London?
(i) Courtrooms
(ii) India House
(iii) Royal Palace
(iv) London Museum
Ans : (iv) London Museum

Question. How many year(s) did Dr. Ambedkar work as a teacher in India?
(i) 1 year
(ii) 2 years
(iii) 3 years
(iv) 4 years
Ans : (ii) 2 years

Question. What did Dr. Ambedkar expose in his thesis?
(i) Marginality of the rulers
(ii) Infallibility of the British Rule
(iii) Universal laws of brotherhood
(iv) Hollowness of the English policies in India.
Ans : (iv) Hollowness of the English policies in India.

Discursive Passage for Class 8

  1. The UN’s 2017 International Year tells that sustainable tourism is an important tool for development, most importantly in poor communities and countries. Today sustainability (environmental, social, and economic) is increasingly recognised as the benchmark for all tourism businesses. As noted by the UN World Tourism Organisation, 57% of international tourist arrivals will be in emerging economies, by 2030. The various ‘Tourism Terms’ are defined as follows: (Table 67)
  2. Based on data collected by a survey by Travel Bureau, the following market profile of an ecotourist was constructed–
  • Age: 35–54 years old, although age varied with activity and other factors such as cost. Gender: 50% female and 50% male, although clear differences based on activity were found.
    • Education: 82% were college graduates, a shift in interest in ecotourism from those who have high levels of education to those with less education was also found, indicating an expansion into mainstream markets.
    • Household composition: No major differences were found between general tourists and experienced ecotourists.
    • Party composition: A majority (60%) of experienced ecotourism respondents stated they prefer to travel as a couple, with only 15% stating they preferred to travel with their families, and 13% preferring to travel alone. (experienced ecotourists = Tourists that had been on at least one ‘ecotourism’ oriented trip.)
    • Trip duration: The largest group of experienced ecotourists- (50%) preferred trips lasting 8-14 days.
    • Expenditure: Experienced ecotourists were willing to spend more than general tourists, the largest group (26%).
    • Important elements of the trip: Experienced ecotourists top three responses were: (a) wilderness setting, (b) wildlife viewing, (c) hiking/trekking.
    • Motivations for taking next trip: Experienced ecotourists top two responses were (a) enjoy scenery/nature, (b) new experiences/places.

Question. In the line “……recognised as the benchmark”,the word ‘benchmark’ does not refer to
(i) the ability to launch something new.
(ii) the criterion required.
(iii) a basis for something.
(iv) a standard point of reference.
Ans : (i) the ability to launch something new.

Question. The World Tourism Organisation of the UN, in an observation, shared that
(i) emerging economies of the world will gain 57% of their annual profits from International tourists.
(ii) countries with upcoming economies shall see maximum tourist footfall from all over the world in the next decade.
(iii) a large number of international tourists in 2030 will be from developing countries.
(iv) barely any tourist in the next decade shall travel from an economically strong nation to a weak one.
Ans : (ii) countries with upcoming economies shall see maximum tourist footfall from all over the world in the next decade.

Question. One of the elements that are important to ecotourists on trips is
(i) fully furnished flats.
(ii) cultural exchange.
(iii) car and bus rides.
(iv) wild and untouched surroundings.
Ans : (iv) wild and untouched surroundings.

Question. Choose the option that lists the correct answers for the following:
1. Asha Mathew, an NRI, loves animals and wishes to travel to places that safeguard their rights and inculcate awareness of their rights. What kind of tourist is she?
2. Gurdeep Singh from the UK is an environmental scientist and has always chosen to travel to places that are examples of a symbiotic relationship between man and nature.
What kind of tourist is he?
(i) 1 - ecotourist, 2 - geotourist
(ii) 1 - ethical tourist, 2 - geotourist
(iii) 1 - sustainable tourist, 2 - pro-poor tourist
(iv) 1 - geotourist, 2 - responsible tourist
Ans : (ii) 1 - ethical tourist, 2 - geotourist

Question. Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the inherent qualities of geotourism.
1. Showcases adventure sports
2. Promotes landscape appreciations
3. Promises luxurious travel
4. Includes being environmentally responsible
5. Believes in commercializing forests
6. Initiates donations for the underprivileged
(i) 1 and 2
(ii) 5 and 6
(iii) 2 and 4
(iv) 3 and 5
Ans : (iii) 2 and 4

Question. In the market profile of an ecotourist, the information on gender indicates that
(i) female ecotourists were more than male ecotourists.
(ii) the activity preferences were varied in females and males.
(iii) the choice of things to do on a trip were quite similar for both genders.
(iv) male ecotourists were frequent travellers.
Ans : (ii) the activity preferences were varied in females and males.

Question. The education aspect in the market profile of the ecotourist revealed that 
(i) mainstream market trends were popular with undergraduates.
(ii) ecotourists were only those who had basic education.
(iii) mainstream markets were popular tourist destinations for educated ecotourists.
(iv) ecotourism was no more limited to the small group of highly educated travellers.
Ans : (iv) ecotourism was no more limited to the small group of highly educated travellers

Question. According to the survey conducted by the Travel Bureau, the total percentage of experienced ecotourists who did not prefer to travel alone was
(i) 60%.
(ii) 75%.
(iii) 15%.
(iv) 13%.
Ans : (ii) 75%.

Question. According to the survey, one of the most powerful driving forces leading experienced ecotourism to invest in new trips was
(i) setting up work stations in new places.
(ii) the chance to go camping in the wild.
(iii) competing with other ecotourists as frequent travellers.
(iv) the opportunity to travel to new places.
Ans : (iv) the opportunity to travel to new places.

Question. Choose the option that lists statement that is not true.
(i) Economically backward countries will benefit from sustainable tourism.
(ii) The tourism business currently recognizes sustainability as an important factor.
(iii) Emerging economies will receive negligible international tourists in the near future.
(iv) The sustainability factor in tourism is a significant means for development.
Ans : (iii) Emerging economies will receive negligible international tourists in the near future.

Question. The survey clearly showed that the age range of ecotourists:
(i) remained the same for the choice of touristattractions to visit.
(ii) changed with the monetary requirements for the trip.
(iii) fluctuated due to the male-female ratio.
(iv) was constant across various features of the trip.
Ans : (ii) changed with the monetary requirements for the trip.

Question. Who isn’t an experienced ecotourist?
(i) The person who has travelled as an ecotourist once earlier.
(ii) The person who is yet to travel even once as an ecotourist.
(iii) The person who is a regular ecotourism enthusiast and traveller.
(iv) The person who is not regularly travelling on ecotourism trips.
Ans : (ii) The person who is yet to travel even once as an ecotourist.

Unseen Passage with multiple choice questions for Class 8

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Question. What theme is being highlighted in the given passage?
(i) Efficient means of reducing garbage
(ii) Various techniques to be employed to recycle the goods
(iii) Efficient ways of waste disposal
(iv) Both (ii) and (iii)
Ans : (iv) Both (ii) and (iii)

Question. Which of the following notion in the conference has been emphasised to be deployed?
(i) Waste disposal management
(ii) Waste management
(iii) Recycling of goods
(iv) Reshaping Earth’s future
Ans : (i) Waste disposal management

Question. According to the pie-chart, which two types of waste have been recycled at the rate of 4%?
(i) Branches and wood and sharp shelters
(ii) Furniture and used electronics
(iii) Furniture and hazardous waste
(iv) All of these
Ans : (i) Branches and wood and sharp shelters

Question. On observing the chart, which type of waste is generated the most?
(i) Plastic or metal or glass
(ii) Confidential documents
(iii) Paper waste
(iv) Miscellaneous
Ans : (iii) Paper waste

Question. Which of the following activities contribute collectively towards paper waste recycled percentage?
(i) Plastic and metal or glass and metal
(ii) Confidential documents and plastic or metal or glass
(iii) Miscellaneous recycled waste and confidential documents
(iv) None of these
Ans : (ii) Confidential documents and plastic or metal or glass

Question. What does the given data represent?
(i) The types of waste that haven’t been generated 
(ii) The increasing trend of recycling and waste management
(iii) The amount and degree of recycled waste (iv) Both (ii) and (iii)
Ans : (iv) Both (ii) and (iii)

Question. What has been considered as an efficient means to reduce landfill area?
(i) Sorting of waste
(ii) Recycling or composting waste
(iii) Both (i) and (ii)
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) Both (i) and (ii)

Question. What is/are the main reason(s) of waste management and recycling it?
(i) To not over-exploit the resources
(ii) Reducing the dump of landfill area
(iii) Leaving behind the quality of environment free from pollution
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these 

Question. Which other type of waste is recycled at the same rate as that of used electronics?
(i) Miscellaneous goods
(ii) Hazardous waste and sharp shelters
(iii) Branches and wood
(iv) None of these
Ans : (i) Miscellaneous goods

Question. Which convention session was conducted on recycling at waste management in 2018?
(i) 9th Convention
(ii) 8th Convention
(iii) 18th Convention
(iv) 29th Convention
Ans : (i) 9th Convention

Question. Which activity has been considered as the second nature to us?
(i) Sorting of waste
(ii) Recycling of waste
(iii) Waste management
(iv) Implementing steps framed and deployed in convention
Ans : (ii) Recycling of waste

Question. How can the success of waste management be achieved?
(i) Recycling goods
(ii) Choosing the correct type of goods in order to reduce waste
(iii) Making a small contribution towards protecting environment
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with answers pdf

  1. The report, progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (2000-2017): Special focus on inequalities, is the most recent publication by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, which tracks global progress in achieving the water and sanitation portion of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  2. The 17 SDGs aim is to “end poverty in all its forms everywhere” by 2030. Goal 6 calls for universal access to safe and adequate access to drinking water and sanitation services.
  3. According to the new report, progress has been made since 2000, yet billions of people are still underserved. The report delineates between access to basic services, which has greatly improved, and access to “safely managed” services, which is inadequate in many parts of the world. Only about 45 per cent of the global population has access to safely- managed sanitation services. In 2017, an estimated 673 million people continued to openly defecate, most of them in 61 “high burden” countries where the practice remained common among more than 5 per cent of the population.
  4. To qualify as being “safely managed”, drinking water must meet three criteria: be accessible on the premises, be available for at least 12 hours per day, and be free from E. coli, arsenic, or fluoride contamination. Sanitation is considered safely managed when facilities are not shared with other households, and waste is safely treated on-site or at an off-site facility.
  5. In 2017, an estimated 5.3 billion people had access to safely-managed drinking water. Of that number, 1.4 billion used basic services, 206 million used limited services, 435 used unimproved sources, and the remaining 144 million relied on untreated surface water.
  6. Poor and rural populations are at the greatest risk of being left behind. In 2017, urban access to basic drinking water services was at 97 per cent, while rural coverage was at 81 per cent.
  7. In terms of sanitation, an estimated 2.1 billion people gained access to basic services between 2000 and 2017, but 2 billion remain without access.
  8. The report also focuses on improvements in eliminating open defecation. Between 2000 and 2017, the global rate of open defecation fell from 21 percent to 9 per cent.

Question. What is the percentage of population which has access to sanitation services?
(i) 45%
(ii) 22%
(iii) 15%
(iv) 8%
Ans : (i) 45%

Question. The given passage focuses on
(i) sanitation
(ii) drinking water
(iii) hygiene
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these

Question. Which type of water is considered as safely managed and drinking water?
(i) Free from harmful substances
(ii) Accessible every time when needed
(iii) Available for at least 12 hours per day
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these

Question. What target has been set by UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) programme?
(i) No open defecation
(ii) End poverty in all its forms everywhere
(iii) Access to safe and adequate access to drinking water
(iv) All of these
Ans : (d) All of these

Question. What percentage of people in urban areas have access to drinking water?
(i) 45%
(ii) 21%
(iii) 97%
(iv) 9%
Ans : (iii) 97%

Question. Which countries have the maximum access to safely managed water?
(i) Small Island Developing states
(ii) Australia and New Zealand
(iii) Europe and North America
(iv) Northern Africa and Western Asia
Ans : (ii) Australia and New Zealand

Question. Which country has the least accessibility to basic drinking water?
(i) Europe and North America
(ii) Sub-Saharan Africa
(iii) Latin America and the Caribbean
(iv) Oceania
Ans : (i) Europe and North America 

Question. Rank the following countries from the highest to the lowest accessibility to surface water:
A. Latin America and the Caribbean
B. Oceania
C. Sub-Saharan Africa
D. Europe and North America
(i) BADC
(ii) BCDA
(iii) BACD
(iv) BCAD
Ans : (iv) BCAD

Question. Which country has maximum access to basic drinking water?
(i) Sub-Saharan Africa
(ii) Europe and North America
(iii) Australia and New Zealand
(iv) Central and South Asia
Ans : (iii) Australia and New Zealand

Question. What is the number of population that is still tended to open defecation?
(i) 209 million
(ii) 503 million
(iii) 611 million
(iv) 673 million
Ans : (iv) 673 million

Question. When is sanitation considered as safely managed?
(i) Waste is safely treated
(ii) Sanitation facility is not shared with other households
(iii) When there is no open defecation
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans : (iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Question. What is the number of population that has gained access to basic services by 2017?
(i) 2.1 billion
(ii) 1.4 billion
(iii) 2 billion
(iv) 5.3 billion
Ans : (i) 2.1 billion

Read the following poem carefully.

1 Fathers are wonderful people

Too little understood,

And we do not sing their praises

As often as we should

2 For, somehow, Father seems to be

The man who pays the bills,

While Mother binds up little hurts

And nurses all our ills...

3 And Father struggles daily

To live up to "his image"

As protector and provider

And "hero of the scrimmage"...

4 And perhaps that is the reason

We sometimes get the notion,

that Fathers are not subject

to the thing we call emotion,

5 But if you look inside Dad's heart,

Where no one else can see

You'll find he's sentimental

And as "soft" as he can be......

6 But he's so busy every day

In the gruelling race of life,

He leaves the sentimental stuff 

To his partner and his wife...

7 But Fathers are just wonderful

In a million different ways,

And they merit loving compliments

And accolades of praise,

8 For the only reason Dad aspires

To fortune and success

Is to make the family proud of him

And to bring them happiness. 

Write the option you consider the most appropriate:-

1.Which of the following ideas is conveyed in the first stanza?

(a) Fathers have to struggle every day

(b) Fathers are not understood or praised enough

(c) Father are believed to have no emotions

(d) Father want fortune and success

2.According to stanza 2, a father is someone who

(a) seeks a lot of praise

(b) pays all the bills

(c) is an amazing person

(d) nurses hurts and ills

3.'We sometimes get the notion' (stanza 4). The ‘notion' the poet refers to is that

(a) Fathers have to provide for and protect their families

(b) Fathers are often very sentimental

(c) Fathers often lack emotions

(d) Fathers are wonderful in a million ways

4.Fathers seek fortune and success so that they

(a) avoid being sentimental

(b) remain as busy as they can be

(c) prove that they are wonderful people

(d) make their families happy & proud of them

5.A stanza that repeats the main idea of the first stanza is

(a) stanza 5

(b) stanza 6

(c) stanza 7

(d) stanza 8

TYPE II (Short Answer Questions)

Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided. 

1.What image does a father have to live up to?
2.What kind of heart do most dads have?
3.Why do fathers often have no time for sentiments?
4.What should children do to make their father feel that he is valued and wanted? 

Suggested answer of the above questions

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(c)
4.(d)
5.(c)

Type II (Short answer question):-

1.A father has to live up to as protector and provider.
2.Dads have soft kind of heart.
3.Fathers are busy every day in the gruelling race of life.

Children should give respect and love to their father

Short Unseen Passage Class 8 with questions and answers

Read the passage carefully.

(1) Did you always think that spiders were insects? Actually, spiders are arachnids and not insects. They have eight legs, while insects usually have six. Spiders also do not have wings and antennae that most insects have.

(2) Spiders make silk threads that they use in many different ways. They have gland in their abdomen and release the silk threads through pores or 'spinnerets' to create the cobwebs that we dust away. The silk material is actually a complex protein substance. Some spiders even eat the damaged or old webs to conserve the protein-rich used silk.

(3) A good lesson in recycling! With these strands, they receive and send out signals to each other and express fear, recognition, anger, hunger or desire. In the web, the spiders wait for an unsuspecting victim.

(4) They have no teeth and spiders feed by injecting a poison, which also acts as a powerful digestive fluid, into their victims. Spiders are natural enemies of insects and help keep pests at bay. So the next time you see a spider, remember that spiders are among our greatest friends!

TYPE- I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate

1.Spiders are different from other insects because they

(a) have six legs

(b) have eight legs

(c) have antennae

(d) have wings

2.A conservation lesson we learn from spiders is

(a) recognition

(b) recycling

(c) expression

(d) simplicity

3.The spiders make use of their web for

(a) catching unsuspicious victims

(b) creating 

(c) conserving protein for silk manufacturing

(d) improving the working of their spinnerets

4.The poison is useful for spiders as it

(a) assists in sending out signals

(b) aids in the process of making Silk

(c) help them to find food

(d) acts as a digestive fluid

5.Spiders are our greatest friends in the sense that

(a) their poison is harmless

(b) they are used for making medicine

(c) they help to control other pests

(d) they produce digestive fluids

TYPE -Il (Sentence Completion Questions)

Complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the given space.

1.Two ways in which spiders differ from insects are: (i)..................(ii)................
2.Spiders create their cobwebs by.................
3.Two uses the spiders make of their web are: (i)................ (ii)...............
4.Two ways in which spiders' poison is useful for them are: (i).............. (ii)...............
5.The expression "keep at bay" (Paragraph 4) means ..............

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(c)
4.(d)
5.(c)

Type II (Short answer Questions):-

1.(i) they have 8 legs (ii) They do not have wings and antennae.
2.Abdomen glands and they release the silk thread through pores.
3.(i) Conserve protein rich-silk (ii) they receive and send out signals.
4.(i) act as a digestive fluid.
5.Prevent from causing a problem.


 

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with questions and answers

Read the following passage carefully.

(1) I was assigned to teach geography. I was young, full of energy and enthusiasm. I volunteered to run school projects, planning, organizing and mobilizing teachers to ensure that the projects were successful. That made me happy, working, managing, and thinking only of achievement. I was very anxious to show how good I could be. It also made me popular with the teachers and with the pupils. 

(2) My headmaster, unaware of my history, always praised me saying, “Doreen is the best and The most hard working teacher this school has ever had." It was not so with the other teachers. They considered me foolish to work for a school as though it were my own! Think I would get? but I loved the praise. It was like a present, like winning prizes.

(3) Appreciation for doing what I always thought ordinary and expected of me, and for which I had never been praised before. It fuelled the energies within me that twenty-five years of living had not yet exhausted.

TYPE -I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate.

1.What made the narrator happy?

(a) the headmaster being unaware of her history

(b) working, managing and making successful projects

(c) praise from teachers and students alike

(d) being anxious

2."Mobilizing teachers" (line 2) means

(a) ordering them to do something

(b) assigning them a task

(c) inspecting their work

(d) encouraging them to work

3."They considered me foolish.........” (line 7). Here 'they' refers to

(a) the pupils

(b) the Principal

(c) the teachers

(d) Doreen's parents

4.The expression "It fuelled the energies within me" (line 10) means Doreen was

(a) discouraged

(b) contented

(c) encouraged

(d) dissatisfied

5.The word ‘volunteered' (line 1) can be replaced by

(a) paid

(b) charged

(c) refused

(d) offered

TYPE - Il (Sentence Completion Questions)

On the basis of your reading of the passage, complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided. 

1."That made me happy" (line 3). Here 'that ‘refers to ...........................
2.Other teachers thought Doreen was foolish because ...................................
3."'It was not so with the other teachers" (line 6). This expression suggests that .................
4.One thing that made Doreen work harder and harder still was .......................
5.Two traits or qualities of Doreen's character as revealed in the passage are .............. and ............. 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(c)
4.(d)
5.(b)

 Type II (Sentence Completion Questions)

1.Working, managing and thinking of achievement
2.She works for school without getting asny benefits
3.Teachers were not happy about Dorren’s hardworking behaviour
4.Appreciation for doing work
5.Enthusiasm and hardworking

Unseen Passage with questions and answers for Class 8

Read the following passage carefully:- 

(1) Located about 25 km from Dalhousie and 15 km from Kalatop, 6400 feet above sea level, Khajjiar is often referred to as mini-Switzerland of India. But despite figuring in the world tourist map, the place is apparently in dire need of a beautification drive.

(2) While the lush green meadows, surrounded by thick pine and cedar forests, offers a panoramic view, grazing herds of sheep, goals and other milch cattle present a perfect pastoral scenery. There is a small lake in the centre of the saucer-shaped meadow, which in turn boasts of a floating island. However, in recent years, much of the lake has degenerated into slush because of heavy silting during rains.

(3) Though tourists visiting the lake are smitten by the natural beauty and surroundings, they feel dismayed that the administration is not focussing on cleanliness or beautification of the lake to make it more attractive for visitors.

 (4) Adding to accumulation of silt at various points is grazing of cattle, as hoofs of livestock loosen the soil, making the lack bank vulnerable to siltation, ultimately leading to dirtying of the lake.

TYPE - I (Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate

1.Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?

(a) Khajjiar is Switzerland

(b) Khajjiar is al sea level

(c) Khajjiar is a major tourist attraction

(d) Khajjiar is a forest

2.Khajjiar is full of

(a) natural beauty

(b) saucer-shaped lakes

(c) milch animals

(d) heavy silting during rains

3.The word 'smitten ‘as used in Paragraph 3 means

(a) encouraged

(b) excited

(c) unhappy

(d) impressed

4.The lake is not as attractive as it should be because it is

(a) drying up

(b) dirty

(c) in the middle of fields

(d) full of tourists

5.The movement of cattle causes.

(a) pollution on the lake bank

(b) The soil to loosen up

(c) loss of grass cover

(d) accumulation of silt

TYPE - II (Sentence Completion Questions)

On the basis of your reading of the passage, complete the following statements as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided 

1.Khajjiar is referred to as mini-Switzerland of India because...............................
2.The tourists visiting the lake are upset because................... during rains
3.In order to attract more visitors the Dalhousie administration should........................
4.Cattle play a role in the silting of the lake by..........................
5.A word in the passage that means "very serious “is................. 

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-
1.(d)
2.(a)
3.(d)
4.(b)
5.(b)

TYPE - II (Sentence Completion Questions)

1.It is 6400 feet above sea level
2.Of heavy silting
3.Focus on cleanliness or beautification of lake
4.Hoofs of livestock loosen the soil
5.Dismayed

Read the following passage:-

If you are anger with someone and feel like shouting at him/her, take a piece of paper, address it to him/her and start writing down whatever you wanted to say to him or her. Do not edit or be polite

Write exactly what comes to your mind.

The very process of doing so gives vent to your feelings of anger and calms you down. Keep the paper safely locked up. Read it after a few hours, when you are not angry. If you feel that you have been very rude, you can destroy the paper. If you feel that your anger is justified and has to be conveyed, write another letter with the same points, but in a polite tone. It is possible to convey displeasure using polite words.

Once you practise it in writing, you will be to do it in speech too. There is tremendous energy generated by anger. This energy should be channelized in socially appropriate ways rather tihan to break crockery or bend steel lunch plates. Playing games where you have to hit the ball hard is a good method to channelize anger. Playing conditions help you lo regulate your expression of anger. When you channelize your anger, there is no limit to what you will achieve with that energy.

TYPE -I [Multiple Choice Questions)

Write the option you consider the most appropriate.

1.If one is angry with someone, one should immediately

(a) shout at that person

(b) apologize to that person

(c) send an angry letter lo that person

(d) write down one's angry thoughts

2."The very process of doing s....What process' is the author referring to?

(a) the process of turning anger into politeness

(b) the process of thinking what to write

(c) the process of expressing angry thoughts in writing

(d) the process of editing what has been written

3.The expression 'gives vent of' means which of the following?

(a) expresses

(b) justifies

(c) hides

(d) controls

4.Once people learn to control their anger, they can

(a) learn to express themselves.

(b) use their energy al doing better things

(c) understand what makes them angry

(d) apologize to the victims of their anger

5.The passage mainly deals with

(a) reasons why people get angry

(b) harmful effects of anger

(c) tips on anger management

(d) ways of writing effective letters

TYPE - Il (Short Answer Questions)

Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided 

1.Why does the author advise an angry person to write down his/her angry feelings on a piece of paper?
2.When and how should displeasure be conveyed, according to the author?
3.What do some people do when they are angry?
4.How does playing help one channelize anger?

Suggested Answer of the above passages:-

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(d)
2.(c)
3.(a)
4.(b)
5.(c)

Type II (Short Answer Questions)

1.The author’s advise an angry person to write down his/her angry feelings on a piece of paper so that he/she drains out his anger and calms himself down.
2.When the person is not angry and by writing the harsh letter in a polite way.
3.Generally people, break crockery or bend stall lunch plates.
4.Playing game is a good method to channelize the anger it helps to regulate the expression of anger.

Read the following poem carefully.

1 Fathers are wonderful people

Too little understood,

And we do not sing their praises

As often as we should

2 For, somehow, Father seems to be

The man who pays the bills,

While Mother binds up little hurts

And nurses all our ills...

3 And Father struggles daily

To live up to "his image"

As protector and provider

And "hero of the scrimmage"...

4 And perhaps that is the reason

We sometimes get the notion,

that Fathers are not subject

to the thing we call emotion,

5 But if you look inside Dad's heart,

Where no one else can see

You'll find he's sentimental

And as "soft" as he can be......

6 But he's so busy every day

In the gruelling race of life,

He leaves the sentimental stuff 

To his partner and his wife...

7 But Fathers are just wonderful

In a million different ways,

And they merit loving compliments

And accolades of praise,

8 For the only reason Dad aspires

To fortune and success

Is to make the family proud of him

And to bring them happiness. 

Write the option you consider the most appropriate:-

1.Which of the following ideas is conveyed in the first stanza?

(a) Fathers have to struggle every day

(b) Fathers are not understood or praised enough

(c) Father are believed to have no emotions

(d) Father want fortune and success

2.According to stanza 2, a father is someone who

(a) seeks a lot of praise

(b) pays all the bills

(c) is an amazing person

(d) nurses hurts and ills

3.'We sometimes get the notion' (stanza 4). The ‘notion' the poet refers to is that

(a) Fathers have to provide for and protect their families

(b) Fathers are often very sentimental

(c) Fathers often lack emotions

(d) Fathers are wonderful in a million ways

4.Fathers seek fortune and success so that they

(a) avoid being sentimental

(b) remain as busy as they can be

(c) prove that they are wonderful people

(d) make their families happy & proud of them

5.A stanza that repeats the main idea of the first stanza is

(a) stanza 5

(b) stanza 6

(c) stanza 7

(d) stanza 8

TYPE II (Short Answer Questions)

Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. Write the answers in the space provided. 

1.What image does a father have to live up to?
2.What kind of heart do most dads have?
3.Why do fathers often have no time for sentiments?
4.What should children do to make their father feel that he is valued and wanted? 

Suggested answer of the above questions

Type I (Multiple Choice Questions):-

1.(b)
2.(b)
3.(c)
4.(d)
5.(c)

Type II (Short answer question):-

1.A father has to live up to as protector and provider.
2.Dads have soft kind of heart.
3.Fathers are busy every day in the gruelling race of life.

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