SECTION –A: READING
Q1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
Physical health affects the mind and vice-versa. Which of the two is more important is like asking the age-old question: what comes first, the chicken or the egg. For our present subject, let us be clear that a sound mind in a sound body
are prerequisites for high efficiency and good quality work in the office, factory or field, which lead to a sense of achievement and fulfilment.
2. Our health is, of course, important not only to us, but also to our families and even to our employers. No wonder then that companies everywhere have a stake the health and fitness of their employees and are willing to spend considerable money towards this purpose. Japanese companies particularly excel in this and the more successful among them start off the day with a body bending and stretching session and even singing the company song designed to promote loyalty and motivation among the workforce! This is considered an important factor contributing to high productivity and quality. Here is a lesson which has been emulated elsewhere in the world and could work wonders in India. It is estimated that some 20,000 American firms have established in-house health clubs.
Typical of these is the soft drink manufacturer Pepsi Cola, which has spent about $2 million in setting up a health club at its head office in New York State. Such expenditure has proved to be a wise investment in achieving better efficiency and higher productivity. It has, indirectly, also helped reduce the premium on the health insurance of its staff. This business has grown so large that hundreds of consultancies have sprung up for the management of health clubs and fitness centres. In some cases, there is a nominal contribution by the employees on the premise they will value and use the facilities all the more. Some insurance companies have teamed up with employees in such ventures as better health contributes to a longer life and hence more premium! Though many firms in India have generous medical schemes, the movement towards health clubs and the like is yet to gain momentum.
1.1 Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.
a) What are the prerequisites for high efficiency and good quality work?
b) How do Japanese companies ensure loyalty and motivation?
c) What do you mean by ‘wise investment’?
d) Why do companies have health clubs?
e) What does it mean by saying that “the idea of having health clubs in companies is yet to gain momentum”?
f) How do successful Japanese companies promote loyalty and motivation among the workforce?
g) How has expenditure on employee’s health proved to be a wise investment?
h) Why have some insurance companies teamed up with employers?
i) Why are the employers willing to spend money towards the fitness of their employees?
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