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SECTION - A
(Reading - 20 Marks)
1. Read the following passage carefully.
The Chennai seacoast is a breeding ground for the endangered Olive Ridley turtles.The 'Turtle Walk' is an initiative aimed at educating the fishing community and the general public living near the beach on the need to protect Oliver Ridley turtle and its turtle nests.During the night, under normal conditions, the sea is a brighter source of light than the land. But now with urbanization and nighttime lighting, the shore is brighter than the sea at night. This distracts the Olive Ridley turtles that come ashore to lay eggs. Even the hatchlings get distracted. Instead of going in the direction of the sea, the hatchlings and adults stray towards human habitations.
The volunteers, during their walk, begin their enthusiastic search for turtles and their egg-laden nests. Some may be lucky enough to witness at close quarters, a large Turtle come ashore, dig its nest in the sand, lay eggs, cover the nest, and then walk back into the sea. The volunteers trace many such nests and dig out the Turtle eggs. While newborns are prone to attack by crows and dogs, adult trutles face the threat of being run over by vehicles.
Eggs are collected and carried back to the hatchery where they would be kept safely for hatching, and once hatched, released into the sea. They also rescue lone baby turtles, which could have been hatched from one of the undiscovered nests, and had strayed away on account of the distracting lights on the shore. They carried them to the sea, and let them free in the water. The seven km walk on the beach lasts four hours.
Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option from the ones given below.
(a) The Olive Ridley turtle is an species .
(b) The adult turtles and hatchlings go towards human habitation .
(i) in search of food
(ii) because of bright lights
(iii) for safety
(iv) to escape being eaten by big fish
(c) The volunteers do the turtle walk to .
(i) study turtle habits
(ii) retrieve the turtle eggs
(iii) do a turtle census
(iv) guide the turtles in the dark
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