CBSE Class 10 English Language Question Paper 2014 Set 1 - Vocational. Students can download the last year question papers using the link below. Free download of examination question papers with solutions. Last 10 year question papers should be practiced to get better marks in examinations.
1. Read the passage given below and complete the sentences that follow by choosing the most appropriate options :
India is not alone in targeting its coastal areas for economic activities like ports, shrimp (a kind of shellfish used for food) farms, oil refineries, luxury hotels and holiday resorts. In a few years, nearly 80 per cent of the US population will be living within 50 miles of the coast. In India, too, coastal population is growing. The emergence of megacities along the sea is seen as the single greatest threat to the world’s coastal environment. Today, mangrove forests cover just 15.8 million hectares, and are declining at an assumed rate of 2 per cent every year. In the last few decades, feverish human activity has either destroyed or transformed nearly 50 per cent of the world’s total mangrove forest area. Mangroves are flowering plants, which grow on tidal coasts between the high and low water marks in clay and silt. They absorb the energy of waves and tidal surges, and act as a shield for the hinterland. Since mangrove areas are ideal for shrimp farms, they are being ‘colonized’ and mindlessly destroyed. India is among the top four shrimp exporters, with production growing at 15 per cent a year. But this has extracted its price. In the past 40 years, India is estimated to have lost half its mangrove forests, rendering states like Orissa and Andhra Pradesh vulnerable to the fury of cyclones.
(a) The single greatest threat to the world’s coastal environment is ____________ .
(i) the reduction of mangroves
(ii) feverish human activity
(iii) the unbridled human activity along the coast
(iv) the emergence of megacities along the sea
(b) The economic activities pursued in the coastal areas are __________ .
(i) hotels and resorts
(ii) shrimp farms
(iii) oil refineries
(iv) all of the above
(c) Mangrove areas are ideal for ______________ .
(ii) shrimp farms
(iii) weekend excursions
(iv) economic activities
(d) The fury of cyclone can be arrested by _____________ .
(i) human activity
(ii) shrimp farms
(iii) the mangrove forests
(iv) incoming waves
(e) Pick out the word from the passage which means the same as ‘upward movement’.
2. Read the passage given below and complete the sentences by choosing the most appropriate options from those given :
Pain is an unpleasant experience that results from physical trauma, burns, illness, injury or surgery. Despite the agony caused by pain, it is essential for our survival. If you don’t feel pain, you could cause great harm to your body and not even know it. Pain rings an alarm bell, alerting you to pay immediate attention and take quick action. Have you ever wondered why a severely wounded soldier continues to battle on so defiantly or an athlete injured during a race goes on to win it ? It happens so because the brain does not react immediately to the pain signals. The sufferer just ignores them because there are more important tasks to attend. The pain registers only after the task or event is over. There is a gating system in the central nervous system that opens and closes to let pain pass through to the brain or block it. Psychological factors such as attention to pain, emotional state of a person and the way that a person interprets a situation can both open and close the gates. This is why when you are depressed or anxious your pain seems worse and intolerable because your feelings can open the pain gate. On the other hand, when your attention is focused on pleasant tasks, your pain is almost not felt.
(a) According to the writer, pain is __________ .
(i) a pleasurable experience
(ii) essential for our survival
(iii) a figment of our imagination
(iv) a source of great harm to our body
(b) ‘Pain rings an alarm bell’ means that pain ___________ .
(i) makes other people attend to us
(ii) warns that something is wrong
(iii) warns us beforehand
(iv) makes us scream
(c) Gating system in the central nervous system ___________ .
(i) can both open and close the gates
(ii) destroys the nervous system
(iii) changes our response to pain
(iv) does not allow us to escape pain
(d) Unhappiness or worry affects our system by ___________ .
(i) blocking the pain gate
(ii) causing depression
(iii) diverting our mind away from pain
(iv) making pain seem intolerable
(e) Which word in the last para means the same as ‘less good or more unpleasant’ ?
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