NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency

Scroll down for PDF

NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency.Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. Easy to print and read. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Refer to other chapters and books at other links (NCERT now providing you soft copies of all textbooks of all subjects from class first to twelfth online). 

MAHATMA GANDHI AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY

THE MEANING OF SWARAJ

Gandhiji described this vision in many of his writings, most notably in Hind Swaraj, a treatise written in 1909 while he was aboard a ship, coming back from Britain. He wrote about the idea of a self-contained village republic inhabited by individuals whose lives were selfregulated. In Gandhiji’s philosophy, swaraj for the nation did not mean merely political independence from British rule. Swaraj, for him, was something more substantive, involving the freedom of individuals to regulate their o w n l i v e s w i t h o u t h a rm i n g o n e another. His swaraj was one where every individual was his or her ownruler, with the capacity to control and regulate his or her own life. This would remove inequalities of power and status in society and enable proper reciprocity. Gandhiji certainly did not want British rule to be replaced by another f o rm o f r u l e w h e r e W e s t e r n institutions of governance and civil society w o uld be ru n by In dian s instead of white men. That would b e “ E n g l i s h r u l e w i t h o u t t h e Englishman’’. He wrote that such a process “would make India English. And w hen it b ecomes Eng lish, it will be called not Hindustan, but Englistan. This is not the swaraj I want”. Swaraj, from Gandhiji’s perspective, would have to be located not only outside the domain of British political control, but also beyond the influence of Western civilisation.

SPINNING THE IDEA OF SELF-SUFFICIENCY

However, for all this to happen, Indians would have to take care to revive and preserve all the village arts and crafts. Among the crafts, the one on which Gandhiji put the greatest emphasis was spinning and weaving. He wrote, “What is the kind of service that the teeming millions of India most need at the present time, that can be easily understood and appreciated by all, that is easy to perform and will, at the same time enable the crores of our semi-starved countrymen to live? And the reply came—that it is the universalisation of khadi or the spinning-wheel that can fulfil these conditions.’’ Spinning, an integral aspect of Indian handicrafts, had to be made an essential part of the lives of the common people. This w ould make the common people selfsufficient and thus enable them to survive. The poor of  India, if they were to prosper, needed a subsidiary sourceof occupation and livelihood. They could not remain solely dependent on agriculture. Gandhiji suggested thathand-spinning and, to a lesser extent, hand-weaving could become the subsidiary source. He commented,

“This industry flourished in India a hundred and fifty years ago and at that time we were not as miserably poor as we are today.’’ In this way, the villages in which they lived would be less dependent on mills and machinery. For Gandhiji th is w as ve ry im p o rta n t s in c e ma ch i n e s w ere an instrument of industrial societies. They produced in massive quantities. Thus the spread of khadi would challenge the influence of mills and machines and the import of cotton to India from England, and would enable the people of India to free themselves non-violently from the negative influences of industries and the violence they inevitably produced. Gandhiji was doing a number of things at the same time. He was reviving a handicraft which had been a  vital component of village life. Through the revival ofspinning and weaving, people would be able to live better since they would have another source of livelihood. Ind ivid u als an d villages w o u ld become mo re selfsufficient. At the same time, the even bigger purpose of fighting the bad effects of industrialism would also be met.

EXERCISE

1. “The whole fabric of swaraj hangs on a thread of the handspun yarn and (that is why) I have called the charkha our mightiest weapon.” Explain Gandhiji’s concept of swaraj.

2. Explain the idea of Gandhiji’s self-sufficient village. Do you think it is possible to realise this idea in India today? Support your arguments with examples.

3. Describe the meaning of khadi as an essential part of Gandhiji’s philosophy, and its symbolism and meaning today.

4. Write an essay on ‘The Indian Village of my Dreams’.

5. Develop your own strategy for the survival of a craft of your locality in an age of globalisation.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency

Tags: 


Click on the text For more study material for Other Subjects please click here - Other Subjects

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Checking of Boards Answer Sheets Notice

As you all are aware that the boards exams have been postponed due to Corona Virus. You can refer to the notification issued by CBSE too. While the board exams were going on the checking of answer sheets were also going on. CBSE took really good measures to increase...

CBSE Board Results for Class 10 and Class 12

Anticipated CBSE result 2020 Date and Time: This is all you wish to know! Here is the news which all students are waiting for. The expected date and time for the CBSE Class X and XII Results 2020 can be viewed here by the students. CBSE Result 2020: The Central Board...

Critical notice issued by CBSE relating to Boards and other classes

Critical notice issued by CBSE relating to Boards and other classes

Applied Mathematics Introduced by CBSE as Elective for Class 11 and Class 12

Mathematics Syllabus Revised by CBSE at the Senior Secondary Level! The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to offer 'Applied Mathematics' as an Elective for XI and XII standard students. The elective subject, Applied Mathematics, is focused at evolving an...

Board Exams FAQs released by CBSE

CBSE has released very important FAQs for class 10 and class 12 students who have given the board exams. Students have been coming up with lot of queries and have lot of questions relating to what are the next steps of CBSE. The following FAQs by CBSE will help to...

Delhi Government orders closure of all Primary Schools

Delhi Government orders closure of all Primary Schools till 31stMarch due to the CORONAVIRUS A much needed announcement by the Government of Delhi. On Thursday, the Delhi Government instructed all the schools of the state to close operations for the students of Pre-...

×
Studies Today