NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft The Crafts Community Today

Read and download NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft The Crafts Community Today chapter in NCERT book for Class 12 Heritage Crafts. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Heritage Crafts textbook for Class 12 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Heritage Crafts to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Craft The Crafts Community Today Class 12 Heritage Crafts NCERT

Class 12 Heritage Crafts students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Craft The Crafts Community Today in standard 12. This NCERT Book for Grade 12 Heritage Crafts will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Craft The Crafts Community Today NCERT Class 12

THE CRAFTS COMMUNITY TODAY

ATTITUDES THAT COLOUR OUR PERCEPTION OF THE CRAFTSPERSON

The first reason for the poor status of the crafts community lies in our understanding of crafts and the role of crafts in our society. How do people view the craftsperson: Is he an artist or merely a labourer? Was the Taj Mahal built by an artis  or by the crafts community? Is craft mainlymanual work or is it a skill-based activity that brings together the hand, the head and the heart? The attitude today towards crafts and the crafts community is the first stumbling block hindering the progress of crafts in India.

Where women have chosen to embroider for a living, they make a clear bifurcation between commercial and traditional handwork. The two are different entities, and do not directly overlap. Rules and standards for each are distinct. Yet, working with the market does affect how a woman feels about herself as an artisan and as a member of her society. The first and perhaps the biggest impact of commercial work is the separation of design, or art, and craft, or labour. Artisans are asked to make what someone else tells them to make, rather than work from their own sense of aesthetics. When presented with a set of four alien coloured threads, Rabari women baulked. If we use these, it won’t be Rabari, they said. In traditional work, there is no distinct separation of colour, stitch, pattern and motif; these work together in units. Design intervention separates these elements and juxtaposes them in new ways. When design is reserved for a professional designer and craft is relerelegated to the artisan, the artisan is reduced to a labourer.

CRAFT AND THE MACHINE

The term for art and craft were synonymous in India before the colonial period. In India the crafts community was recognised as a crucial and important part of society on whom the development and enhancement of life depended. In Europe, with the introduction of machines, the role of the crafts community dwindled and crafts completely disappeared. Household utility items that had once been made by the crafts community are now mass produced by machines. Work done by the hand was con sidered inferior to intellectual w ork. M achines replaced handiwork that was seen to be both demeaning and backward.

Two individuals who alerted the world to this tragic misconception were William Morris and John Ruskin. Their denunciation of the machine as “destroyer of th joy of hand-work” in the 1850s led to the commencement of the Arts and Crafts Movement in England. They wrote extensively to remind people that human begins are fundamentally creative and that machines were taking away the joy of life. Their writing greatly influenced many thinkers in India thus causing a new interest and study of craft traditions in India.

TIMELY DOCUMENTATION

Owen Jones’s book, The Grammar of Ornament, 1856, documented the principles of good design in which there were examples of Persian, Indian, ‘Hindoo’ ornaments. Jones was also involved in arranging the great exhibitions i n L o n d o n i n 1 8 5 1 i n w h i c h t h e b e s t a n d m o s t extravagant of Indian crafts were displayed to “help E n g l a n d t o im p r o v e t h e p o o r q u a l i t y o f B r i t i s h craftsma n sh ip th at w as s u fferin g th e d amag es o f industrialisation.”

The notion that India was an uncivilised country with a stagnant economy, with a traditional way of life that had not changed for centuries was sought to be dispelled by such exhibitions and exposure of the British public to great Indian crafts. In turn the exhibitions held in England led to greater interest in high quality Indian crafts. Fortunately, during this period some British officers undertook the documentation of traditional skills, tools, workplaces, objects; encyclopaedias were assembled; census, mapping and surveys were conducted. These records proved priceless resources for contemporary Indian designers and for craft revival programmes inpost-industrial India. Despite the detrimental effect of the colonial economy on Indian crafts, the documentation o f c rafts b y B ri tish o fficers d u ri n g th i s time h ad important consequences.

EXERCISE

1. H o w can craftsp eo p le reco ver th eir statu s an d esteemed place in the present economic situation?

2. Write a short article about harmful child labour keeping in mind the following:

 economic exploitation

 long working hours

 loss of educational and recreational opportunities

 h ealth h azard s—accid ents, illn ess, vio len ce, harmful effects of chemicals

 abuse and exploitation—emotional and mental.

3. Write a speech on ‘Disappearing Raw Material’ for the local communiy. Describe the contributions of crafts to your state in the context of Indian culture. Describe the reasons for the loss of raw material and the consequences of the loss.

4. Ivory, shahtoosh and sandalwood are all banned items. Design a strategy for a ‘sting operation’ to expose this illegal trade.

5. Develop a lesson plan for the primary school for children of craftspersons that would help them to learn a literacy skill like writing or arithmetic. Link family craft in an interesting way.

6. The close connection between the craftspeople and the raw material they use is reflected in several local traditions. Research and describe one such tradition/ ritual/ceremony/festival in detail.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft The Crafts Community Today

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Other Subjects Study Material
CBSE Class 12 Talks and Speeches
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 2
CBSE Class 12 Resources and Human Resource Management
CBSE Class 12 Risk Containment Measures
CBSE Class 12 Economics Producers Behaviour and Supply
CBSE Class 12 Introduction to Article Writing
CBSE Class 12 FMM Financial Statements
CBSE Class 12 Writing Short Stories
CBSE Class 12 Physics Lens and Mirror
CBSE Class 12 Feature Writing
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Rod Joints
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Colonial Rule and Crafts
CBSE Class 12 Economics Consumers Equilibrium
CBSE Class 12 Translating Technical and Business Registers
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 3
CBSE Class 12 Fashion Studies Basics of Garment Making
CBSE Class 12 Technical Processing of Documents
CBSE Class 12 Trading Reports Download
CBSE Class 12 Economics Production Possibilities Curve
CBSE Class 12 Introduction to the Writing of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Accounting for Business Cost Sheet
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Craft In the Age of Tourism
CBSE Class 12 Application of Computer in Library
CBSE Class 12 Clearing Reports Downloads
CBSE Class 12 Features of Technical Registers
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Shaft Couplings
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Crafts Bazaars
CBSE Class 12 Economics Determination of Income
CBSE Class 12 Translation and the Translator
CBSE Class 12 Practical Handbook BPO Manual
CBSE Class 12 Fashion Studies Pattern Making
CBSE Class 12 Traditional Library and Information Services
CBSE Class 12 Understanding NEAT System
CBSE Class 12 An Introduction to Creativity
CBSE Class 12 Learning How to Write the Short Story
CBSE Class 12 Banking Operations
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Craft In The Past
CBSE Class 12 Functions of Different Sections of Library
CBSE Class 12 Getting Familiar to NEET Screen
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Business Translation
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Tie Rod and Pipe Joints
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Crafts In Past
CBSE Class 12 Economics Evolution of Money
CBSE Class 12 Translations of Business Registers
CBSE Class 12 Procedure for doing enteries in payroll software
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Bearings
CBSE Class 12 Web Based Search
CBSE Class 12 Understanding the Rolling Settlement
CBSE Class 12 Modes of Theatrical Presentation
CBSE Class 12 Contents of Balance Sheet
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency
CBSE Class 12 Library Cataloguing
CBSE Class 12 Introducing and Understanding Transaction Cycle
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Business Process Outsourcing Part 1
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Handloom and Handicrafts Revival
CBSE Class 12 Economics Features of Perfect Competition
CBSE Class 12 Understanding Short Stories
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 4
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Isometric Projection
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India Carfts In The Age Of Tourism
CBSE Class 12 Philosophy Education For Character Development
CBSE Class 12 Problems of Translation
CBSE Class 12 Entering the Transactions in Tally
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Design and Development
CBSE Class 12 Library Classification
CBSE Class 12 Operations of Depository
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Prose
CBSE Class 12 Business Process Outsourcing Part 2
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency
CBSE Class 12 Economics Foriegn Exchange Rates
CBSE Class 12 Writing Essays
CBSE Class 12 Punjabi Kaav Jatra
CBSE Class 12 Elements of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Machine Drawing
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India Design and Development
CBSE Class 12 Philosophy Of Education
CBSE Class 12 Process of Translation
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 1
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft The Crafts Community Today
CBSE Class 12 Modern Library and Information Services
CBSE Class 12 Order and Trade Management
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Technical Translations
CBSE Class 12 FMM Banking Operations
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Production and Marketing
CBSE Class 12 Economics National Income
CBSE Classs 12 Fashion Studies Book
CBSE Class 12 Writing Reviews
CBSE Class 12 Punjabi Katha Jagat
CBSE Class 12 Elements of Fiction
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Pulleys
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India The Crafts Community Today
CBSE Class 12 Economics Capital receipts
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Production and Marketing

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Term 2 Board Examinations

CBSE vide Circular No.Acad-51/2021 dated 5th July, 2021, notified that in the session 2021-2022, Board Examinations would be conducted in two terms, i.e.. Term I and Term II. This decision was taken due to the uncertainty arising out of COVID 19 Pandemic. Term I...

Celebration of Matribhasha Diwas Mother Language day

UNESCO has declared 21st February of every year to be celebrated as International Mother Language day to promote dissemination of Mother Language of all, create awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions and diversity across the world and to inspire solidarity...

National Youth Day and Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda

Ministry of Education, Govt. of India vide D.O No. 12-4/2021-IS.4 dated 04.01.2022 intimated that 12 January 2022 will be celebrated as “National Youth Day” and “Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda”.   All Schools affiliated to CBSE may celebrate 12 January 2022 as...

All India Children Educational Audio Video Festival

The Central Institute of Educational Technology (CIET), a constituent unit of National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), is inviting entries for the 26th All India Children’s Educational Audio Video Festival (AICEAVF). This festival showcases the...

Board Exams Date Sheet Class 10 and Class 12

Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 10  (Scroll down for Class 12 Datesheet) Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 12

Heritage India Quiz 2021 2022

CBSE Heritage India Quiz is conducted every year to raise the awareness about the preserving human heritage, diversity and vulnerability of the India's built monuments and heritage sites. It is an attempt of the Board to motivate the future generations of this country...