NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts

NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts.Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. Easy to print and read. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Refer to other chapters and books at other links (NCERT now providing you soft copies of all textbooks of all subjects from class first to twelfth online). 

2.COLONIAL RULE AND CRAFTS

TRADE

India has had a long history of trade in craft with other countries beginning from the Harappan Civilisation 5000 years ago. Over the centuries, trade with Greece and Rome grew and historical evidence can be

f o u n d i n l i t e r a t u r e a n d a rc h a e o l o g i c a l e x c a v a t i o n s .

Flourishing trade led to overland routes like the Silk Route and brought silk from China through

CRAFT TRADITIONS OF INDIA: PAST, 16 PRESENT AND FUTURE

traders speaking different languages, meeting at trading stations along the route. Ship-building centres and portsdeveloped along India’s long coastline. Sea routes to the Mediterranean countries, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, South-east Asia and China are mentioned both in Sangam literature and foreign accounts. By the time of the Mauryan empire (300 BCE) traders and craftsmen groups, who had become wealthy and substantially for the building of Buddhist monasteries. There were carpenters and blacksmiths, jewellers and goldsmiths, weavers and dyers, perfumers and stone  carvers among others. Constant trade with the Middle East and South-east Asia was already an importantcornerstone of the economy. In the area of textiles, to South-east Asia we exported sarongs, to the Middle East went the finest and most expensive muslins, to West Africa went.

COLONIAL RULE AND CRAFTS 17

materials and bed-hangings. All these fabrics were considered ‘luxury goods’ in these countries. The pattern of trade from the Coromandel Coast was triangular. Arabs carried gold and silver (bullion) to the Coromandel Coast, exchanged these for textiles, and then exchanged the latter in Malaysia for spices, with which they returned to the Middle East. Throughout the ancient and medieval periods the fame of Indian cotton textiles, gems and jewels, and spices lik e pep per and cardamom, ivory and sandalw ood continued to make trade a lucrative business. Gems like pearls, and precious stones like diamonds gave to India the reputation of a fabled land of riches and natural resources. This reputation of being a land of  riches and extraordinary skills, tempted traders fromEurope, who were willing to go to war, and to risk their lives in order to get a share of the profit from Indian trade.

INDIA AS A TEXTILE PRODUCTION HUB

“Everyone from the Cape of Good Hope (in Africa) to China, man and woman is clothed from head to foot, in the products of Indian looms,” is how a Portuguese traveller put it. India was, till the advent of colonialism, the largest exporter of textiles in the world. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was trade in textiles and in spices, essential for preserving meat when refrigeration did not exist, that initially brought European traders to India. A triangular trade developed with Britain transporting slaves from Africa to the Americas, to make enough profit and to get the b u l l i o n n e c e s s a r y fo r t h e p u r c h a s e o f I n d i a n manufacture.

EXERCISE

1. Imagine you are an adventurous English traveller to India in the seventeenth century. Describe the crafts you see. What would you buy to take home and why?

2. Colonialism transformed India from craft producer to a supplier of raw materials—write a short description of this change and how it affected the crafts industry in India.

3. Make a chart or an illustrated story of the history of textiles in India.

4. Industrialisation transformed craft production in England in the nineteenth century. How did it transform Indian craft production in the twentieth century?

5. Compare and contrast trade in India and China over the last 500 years. Illustrate with graphs or tables.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Other Subjects Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE advisory on student marks

CBSE has issued a public advisory for all students to be careful from unscrupulous persons impersonating themselves as officers/officials of CBSE. These people have been contacting parents and have been telling them that they have access to student marks data for Board...

Board Exams Class 10 and Class 12 Datesheet 2020

CBSE has announced the datesheet for the remaining exams of class 10 and class 12 exams. The exams are going to start in July. The class 10 and 12th board exams will be conducted for the remaining 29 papers from July 1 to July 15, 2020, at various centers nominated by...

CBSE Reduced Syllabus Class 9 and 10

The prevailing health emergency in the country and at different parts of the world as well as the efforts to contain the spread of Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in loss of class room teaching due to closure of schools. Therefore the CBSE Board has decided to revise...

Procedure for correction in Name and Date of Birth

Procedure for correction in Name and Date of Birth in CBSE records Name Change: Applications regarding changes in name or surname of candidates will be considered provided the changes have been admitted by the Court of law and notified in the Government Gazette before...

Training Programme on the Alternative Academic Calendar

In view of the extraordinary situation prevailing in the world due to COVID-19 pandemic, the CBSE Board had announced the ‘Revised Academic Curriculum for classes 9- 12 for the session 2020-21’. The reduced topics will not be part of the internal assessment or for the...

×
Studies Today