NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts

Read and download NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts chapter in NCERT book for Class 12 Other Subjects. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Other Subjects textbook for Class 12 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Other Subjects to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

 

2.COLONIAL RULE AND CRAFTS

TRADE

India has had a long history of trade in craft with other countries beginning from the Harappan Civilisation 5000 years ago. Over the centuries, trade with Greece and Rome grew and historical evidence can be

f o u n d i n l i t e r a t u r e a n d a rc h a e o l o g i c a l e x c a v a t i o n s .

Flourishing trade led to overland routes like the Silk Route and brought silk from China through

CRAFT TRADITIONS OF INDIA: PAST, 16 PRESENT AND FUTURE

traders speaking different languages, meeting at trading stations along the route. Ship-building centres and portsdeveloped along India’s long coastline. Sea routes to the Mediterranean countries, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, South-east Asia and China are mentioned both in Sangam literature and foreign accounts. By the time of the Mauryan empire (300 BCE) traders and craftsmen groups, who had become wealthy and substantially for the building of Buddhist monasteries. There were carpenters and blacksmiths, jewellers and goldsmiths, weavers and dyers, perfumers and stone  carvers among others. Constant trade with the Middle East and South-east Asia was already an importantcornerstone of the economy. In the area of textiles, to South-east Asia we exported sarongs, to the Middle East went the finest and most expensive muslins, to West Africa went.

COLONIAL RULE AND CRAFTS 17

materials and bed-hangings. All these fabrics were considered ‘luxury goods’ in these countries. The pattern of trade from the Coromandel Coast was triangular. Arabs carried gold and silver (bullion) to the Coromandel Coast, exchanged these for textiles, and then exchanged the latter in Malaysia for spices, with which they returned to the Middle East. Throughout the ancient and medieval periods the fame of Indian cotton textiles, gems and jewels, and spices lik e pep per and cardamom, ivory and sandalw ood continued to make trade a lucrative business. Gems like pearls, and precious stones like diamonds gave to India the reputation of a fabled land of riches and natural resources. This reputation of being a land of  riches and extraordinary skills, tempted traders fromEurope, who were willing to go to war, and to risk their lives in order to get a share of the profit from Indian trade.

INDIA AS A TEXTILE PRODUCTION HUB

“Everyone from the Cape of Good Hope (in Africa) to China, man and woman is clothed from head to foot, in the products of Indian looms,” is how a Portuguese traveller put it. India was, till the advent of colonialism, the largest exporter of textiles in the world. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was trade in textiles and in spices, essential for preserving meat when refrigeration did not exist, that initially brought European traders to India. A triangular trade developed with Britain transporting slaves from Africa to the Americas, to make enough profit and to get the b u l l i o n n e c e s s a r y fo r t h e p u r c h a s e o f I n d i a n manufacture.

EXERCISE

1. Imagine you are an adventurous English traveller to India in the seventeenth century. Describe the crafts you see. What would you buy to take home and why?

2. Colonialism transformed India from craft producer to a supplier of raw materials—write a short description of this change and how it affected the crafts industry in India.

3. Make a chart or an illustrated story of the history of textiles in India.

4. Industrialisation transformed craft production in England in the nineteenth century. How did it transform Indian craft production in the twentieth century?

5. Compare and contrast trade in India and China over the last 500 years. Illustrate with graphs or tables.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Other Subjects Study Material
CBSE Class 12 Accounting for Business Cost Sheet
CBSE Class 12 An Introduction to Creativity
CBSE Class 12 Application of Computer in Library
CBSE Class 12 Banking Operations
CBSE Class 12 Business Process Outsourcing Part 1
CBSE Class 12 Business Process Outsourcing Part 2
CBSE Class 12 Clearing Reports Downloads
CBSE Class 12 Contents of Balance Sheet
CBSE Class 12 Economics Capital receipts
CBSE Class 12 Economics Consumers Equilibrium
CBSE Class 12 Economics Determination of Income
CBSE Class 12 Economics Evolution of Money
CBSE Class 12 Economics Features of Perfect Competition
CBSE Class 12 Economics Foriegn Exchange Rates
CBSE Class 12 Economics National Income
CBSE Class 12 Economics Producers Behaviour and Supply
CBSE Class 12 Economics Production Possibilities Curve
CBSE Class 12 Elements of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Elements of Fiction
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Bearings
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Isometric Projection
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Machine Drawing
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Pulleys
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Rod Joints
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Shaft Couplings
CBSE Class 12 Engineering Tie Rod and Pipe Joints
CBSE Class 12 Entering the Transactions in Tally
CBSE Class 12 Fashion Studies Basics of Garment Making
CBSE Class 12 Fashion Studies Pattern Making
CBSE Class 12 Feature Writing
CBSE Class 12 Features of Technical Registers
CBSE Class 12 FMM Banking Operations
CBSE Class 12 FMM Financial Statements
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Business Translation
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Prose
CBSE Class 12 Forms of Technical Translations
CBSE Class 12 Functions of Different Sections of Library
CBSE Class 12 Getting Familiar to NEET Screen
CBSE Class 12 Introducing and Understanding Transaction Cycle
CBSE Class 12 Introduction to Article Writing
CBSE Class 12 Introduction to the Writing of Drama
CBSE Class 12 Learning How to Write the Short Story
CBSE Class 12 Library Cataloguing
CBSE Class 12 Library Classification
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 1
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 2
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 3
CBSE Class 12 Macroeconomics in Hindi Part 4
CBSE Class 12 Modern Library and Information Services
CBSE Class 12 Modes of Theatrical Presentation
CBSE Class 12 Operations of Depository
CBSE Class 12 Order and Trade Management
CBSE Class 12 Philosophy Education For Character Development
CBSE Class 12 Philosophy Of Education
CBSE Class 12 Physics Lens and Mirror
CBSE Class 12 Practical Handbook BPO Manual
CBSE Class 12 Problems of Translation
CBSE Class 12 Procedure for doing enteries in payroll software
CBSE Class 12 Process of Translation
CBSE Class 12 Punjabi Kaav Jatra
CBSE Class 12 Punjabi Katha Jagat
CBSE Class 12 Resources and Human Resource Management
CBSE Class 12 Risk Containment Measures
CBSE Class 12 Talks and Speeches
CBSE Class 12 Technical Processing of Documents
CBSE Class 12 Trading Reports Download
CBSE Class 12 Traditional Library and Information Services
CBSE Class 12 Translating Technical and Business Registers
CBSE Class 12 Translation and the Translator
CBSE Class 12 Translations of Business Registers
CBSE Class 12 Understanding NEAT System
CBSE Class 12 Understanding Short Stories
CBSE Class 12 Understanding the Rolling Settlement
CBSE Class 12 Web Based Search
CBSE Class 12 Writing Essays
CBSE Class 12 Writing Reviews
CBSE Class 12 Writing Short Stories
CBSE Classs 12 Fashion Studies Book
NCERT Class 12 Heritabe Craft Colonial Rule and Crafts
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Craft In the Age of Tourism
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Craft In The Past
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Design and Development
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Craft The Crafts Community Today
NCERT Class 12 Heritage CraftProduction and Marketing
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India Carfts In The Age Of Tourism
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India Design and Development
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Craft Tradition Of India The Crafts Community Today
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Colonial Rule and Crafts
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Crafts Bazaars
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Crafts In Past
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Handloom and Handicrafts Revival
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Mahatma Gandhi and Self Sufficiency
NCERT Class 12 Heritage Crafts Tradition Of India Production and Marketing

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Class 12 Evaluation Criteria 2021

SUMMARY OF THE POLICY FOR TABULATION OF MARKS FOR CLASS XII BOARD EXAMINATIONS 2021   1(a) Due to cancellation of the Board examinations, the assessment of theory portion of 80/70/60/50/30 marks will be done by the school based on the following:     Class...

Moderation of Marks Class 11 and 12 Board Exams

The portal for moderation and finalization of results for Class-12 is being opened from 16.07.2021 to 22.07.2021. As Board has to declare the result latest by 31.07.2021, schools have been requested to follow the schedule strictly and complete the moderation within...

FAQs on Policy for Tabulation of Marks for Class 10 Board Exams

ON POLICY Question.1 How CBSE will declare the result of Class-X? Answer. Results of Class X Board will be declared on the basis of an objective criterion developed by the Board vide Notification no.CBSE/CE/2021 dated 01.05.2021. Question.2. If any candidate is not...

CBSE asks schools to load Class 12 Internal Assessment Marks

This has a reference to the letter no CBSE/COORD/2021 dated 11.02.2021 regarding conduct of the School-Based Assessment (Internal Assessment/Practical/ Project) of Class-XII and uploading the marks by 11.06.2021. It has been observed that some schools have not been...

CBSE Board Examination Scheme of Assessment 2021 2022

A. Academic session to be divided into 2 Terms with approximately 50% syllabus in each term: The syllabus for the Academic session 2021-22 will be divided into 2 terms by following a systematic approach by looking into the interconnectivity of concepts and topics by...

×
Studies Today