CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper 2013 SA 2 (7). Based on CBSE and NCERT guidelines. The students should practice these Question Papers to gain perfection which will help him to get more marks in CBSE examination. Please refer to more CBSE Class 10 question papers in other links. The CBSE Question papers are prepared based on trend in past examinations and expected questions in CBSE exams. Its always recommended by CBSE to practice the papers released by CBSE to get better exams in CBSE exams. CBSE Last Year Question Papers for class 10 for final/ term/ SA1/ SA2 Examinations conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education for all CBSE affiliated schools in India and abroad. Please refer to more CBSE Class X sample papers, question papers, HOTs etc in other links.
1. Italy was divided into 7 states in the middle of the 18th century- Sardinia- Piedmont were under princely states – North was under Austria - Centre- was ruled by Pope and Southern region was ruled by Spain. The main leaders of Italian unification were- Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, his Chief Minister Count Cavour- two revolutionary leaders Guiseppe Mazzine and Garibaldi- with the help of these leaders Italy was unified – Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of united Italy.
2. The First World War led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing levies – Prices increased – Extreme hardships for the common people – Acute shortage of food due to crop failure – People thought that hardships would end after the war – All these helped in the growth of nationalism.
3. Civil Disobedience Movement – Colonial government began arresting the congress leaders – Arrest of Abdul Gaffar Khan – Angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of Peshawar – Mahatma Gandhi was arrested – Industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings – Government started a policy of brutal repression – Peaceful Satyagrahis were attacked – Women and children were beaten – In such a situation Gandhiji decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement.
4. Proximity of jute producing areas – Inexpensive water transport – Good network of railways, roadways and waterways to facilitate movement of raw materials to mills – Abundant water for processing of raw jute – Cheap labour from West Bengal and states of Bihar, Orissa and UP – Kolkata provides banking, insurance and port facilities.(Any three)
5. Presence of big rivers – dissected relief – dense forests – frequent floods and international frontiers – Air transport has made access easier in North Eastern states.
6. Transport plays a significant role in the economy – Quick movement of raw materials and finished products – Helps in people’s mobility – Promotes National Integration – Reduces time and distance between places.
7. Judicious use of minerals – Care for the future generation – Sustainable development – Idea of ‘Save our Earth’ to be materialised.
8. Political party – Group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the Government – Agree on some policies and programme for the society – Political parties contest elections – put forward different policies and programmes – Decisive role in making laws – Forms and runs Government – Play the role of opposition – Shape public opinion – Provide people access to Government machinery and welfare schemes (Any three).
9. Pressure groups and movements try to win public support and sympathy by organising 3 meetings, campaigns – filing petitions – Organises strike or disrupt Government programme.
10. Lack of internal democracy – Dynastic succession – Growing role of money and muscle power – Parties do not offer a meaningful choice to the voters. (Any three)
11. Right to be informed – Right to choose – Right to seek redressal – Right to represent (Any three)
12. No need of collateral security – Reasonable interest rate – timely loans – Women become self reliant – Provides a platform to discuss and act on social issues like health, nutrition, domestic violence.
13. Art – Poetry – stories and music aroused nationalist feelings – Folk songs – folk dances created the true spirit of the nation – Karol Kurpinsky celebrated the national struggle through operas and music – turning folk dances like polonaise and mazurka into nationalist symbols – Language played an important role
Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper 2013 SA 2 (7)