CBSE Class 9 Chemistry States Of Matter Notes Set A

Download CBSE Class 9 Chemistry States Of Matter Notes Set A in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 9 Chemistry have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Chemistry in Standard 9. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 9 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 9 Chemistry for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 9 Chemistry given our website

CBSE Class 9 Chemistry-States of Matter. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

Important points

1. Change in state : It is over all effect of Intermolecular forces, molecular Interactional energy & thermal energy:

2. Measurable properties of gases : P,V, T, n, Viscosity, specific heat are some measurable properties.

3. Gas Laws : The quantitative relationship b/w any two of the variables (V, n, P,T) when other two are constant.

4. Boyle’s Law : The pressure of fixed msss of gas varies inversely with the volume at constant T. P α 1/V(n,T const.) P1V1 = P2 V2 

5. Charle’s Law : At constant P, the volume of fixed amount of gas varies directly with its absolute temperature.

V α T or V/T=cons tan t,V1/T1=V2/T2

6. Gay lussac’s Law : At constant V, The pressure of fixed amount of gas varies directly with its absolute temperature.

P α T or P/T const,P1/T1=P2/T2

7. Ideal gas equation : The relationship b/w P, V and T by Gas Laws PV= nRT.

8. Avogadro’s Law : At given T and P, the volume of gas varies directly to the amount of gas . V α n ( P, T constant)

9. Dalton’s Law of partial persure : The pressure enerted by a mixture of non reacting gases is equal to the sum of their partial pressure at constant (V,T) P (total ) = P1 + P2 + P3 + ………. (T, V, constant)

10. Kinetic Molecular theory :

a. Gases consist of large number of identical particles (atoms or molecules) that are so small that the actual volume of the molecules is negligible in comparison to the empty space between them.

b. There is no force of attraction between the particles of a gas at ordinary temperature and pressure

c. Particles of a gas are always in constant and random motion

d. Pressure is exerted by the gas as a result of collision of the particles with the walls of the container

e. Collisions of gas molecules are perfectly elastic

f. At any particular time, different particles in the gas have different speeds and hence different kinetic energies

g. Average kinetic energy of the gas molecules is directly proportional to the absolute temperature

11. Real Gases : The gases which deviates from Ideal behavior at higher pressure and low temperature b/c of force of attraction b/w molecules increases .

12. Compressibility factor (Z) : It determine extent of devation of real gases from Ideal gas behavior : Z = gas Z=1, for Nonideal gas Z< 1, Z > 1  

13. Vander waal’s Equation :

CBSE Class 9 Chemistry-States of Matter

14. Critical Temperature : (Tc) The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied whatever high pressure may be

15. Critical Pressure : The minimum pressure required to liquity a gas at its critical temperatur

16. Critical b: The volume of 1 mole of gat at Tc,

17. Super cooled liquids : The liquids which are cooled to a temperature below its freezing point without freezing .

18. Elastic Collision : The collisions in which no loss of K.E. only there is transfer of energ

19. Vapour pressure : The equilibrium pressure by vapour of liquid in a container at given temperature (T)

20. At higher altitude : The b. of water decreases b/c the atmospheric pressure is less than one atmosphere.

21. Surface Tension (V) : It is force acting per unit length perpendicular to the line drawn on the surface : (Nm-1) : It decreases with increases in T, it increases with increase in external pressure, b/c of it falling drops of liquid are spherical, liquid in capillary tube rises

22. Viscosity (η) : It is resistance offered to the flow of liquid due to friction b/w layer of fluids . F = n.A.* dv/dn

23. Effect of T & P on viscosity : It decreases with increase in T, and increases with increase in P.

24Low M.P. & B.P. of molecular liquids is due to low magnitude of molecular interaction energy.

 

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 9 Chemistry-States of Matter.

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Chemistry Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

FAQs on Policy for Tabulation of Marks for Class 10 Board Exams

ON POLICY Question.1 How CBSE will declare the result of Class-X? Answer. Results of Class X Board will be declared on the basis of an objective criterion developed by the Board vide Notification no.CBSE/CE/2021 dated 01.05.2021. Question.2. If any candidate is not...

Moderation of Marks Class 11 and 12 Board Exams

The portal for moderation and finalization of results for Class-12 is being opened from 16.07.2021 to 22.07.2021. As Board has to declare the result latest by 31.07.2021, schools have been requested to follow the schedule strictly and complete the moderation within...

CBSE asks schools to load Class 12 Internal Assessment Marks

This has a reference to the letter no CBSE/COORD/2021 dated 11.02.2021 regarding conduct of the School-Based Assessment (Internal Assessment/Practical/ Project) of Class-XII and uploading the marks by 11.06.2021. It has been observed that some schools have not been...

CBSE Board Examination Scheme of Assessment 2021 2022

A. Academic session to be divided into 2 Terms with approximately 50% syllabus in each term: The syllabus for the Academic session 2021-22 will be divided into 2 terms by following a systematic approach by looking into the interconnectivity of concepts and topics by...

CBSE Class 12 Evaluation Criteria 2021

SUMMARY OF THE POLICY FOR TABULATION OF MARKS FOR CLASS XII BOARD EXAMINATIONS 2021   1(a) Due to cancellation of the Board examinations, the assessment of theory portion of 80/70/60/50/30 marks will be done by the school based on the following:     Class...

×
Studies Today