CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Notes Set D

Download CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Notes Set D in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 11 Chemistry have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Chemistry in Standard 11. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 11 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 11 Chemistry for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 11 Chemistry given our website

Revision Notes for Class 11 Chemistry Environmental Chemistry

Class 11 Chemistry students should refer to the following concepts and notes for Environmental Chemistry in standard 11. These exam notes for Grade 11 Chemistry will be very useful for upcoming class tests and examinations and help you to score good marks

Environmental Chemistry Notes Class 11 Chemistry

CBSE Class 9 Chemistry-Environmental chemistry. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

Environmental pollution

Important points

•ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Environmental chemistry deals with the study of the origin, transport, reactions, effects, fates of chemical species in the environment.

•ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION:‐Environmental pollution is the effect of undesirable changes in our surroundings that have harmful effects on plants, animals and human beings. A substance which causes pollution is called a pollutant. They can be solid, liquid or in the gaseous state.

•ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION:‐The atmosphere that surrounds the earth is not of the same thickness at different heights. Atmospheric pollution is generally studied as tropospheric and stratospheric pollution. The ozone layer prevents about 99.5%of the sun’s UV rays. T

•TROPOSPHERIC POLLUTION:‐Tropospheric pollution occurs due to the presence of undesirable solid or gaseous particles in the air. The following are the major gaseous and particulate pollutants present in the troposphere;

Gaseous air pollutants: These are oxides of sulphur, nitrogen and carbon, hydrogen sulphide, hydrocarbons, ozone and other oxidants.

Particulate pollutants; these are dust, mist, fumes, smoke, smog etc.

Particulates are of two types:

1. Viable particulates: are living on minute organism dispersed in air.

2. Nonviable particulate: as metals particle, metal oxides, lead salts etc.

•GLOBAL WARMING AND GREENHOUSE EFFECT:‐About 75% of the solar energy reaching the earth is absorbed by the earth’s surface, which increases it’s temperature. The rest of the heat radiates back to the atmosphere. Some of the heat is trapped by the gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, CFCS and Water vapour. They add to the heating of the atmosphere causing Global warming In a greenhouse, visible light passes through the transparent glass and heats up the soil and the plants. The warm soil and plants emit infrared rays,it partly reflects and partly absorbs these radiations, this mechanism keeps the energy of the sun trapped in the greenhouse

•ACID RAIN: When the pH of the rain water drops below5.6, it is called acid rain. Acid rain is harmful for agriculture, trees and plants as it dissolves and washes away nutrients needed for their growth. It causes respiratory ailments 187 in human beings and animals. When acid rain falls and flows as ground water to reach rivers, lakes etc. it affects plants and animal life in aquatic ecosystem

•SMOG: The word smog is derived from smoke and fog. There are two types of smog:


•OZONE HOLE: Depletion of ozone layer is known as ozone hole.

•EFFECTS OF DEPLETION OF THE OZONE LAYER: With the depletion of ozone layer:

→More UV radiation filters into troposphere.

→UV radiations lead to ageing of skin, cataract, sunburn, skin cancer,

→killing of many phytoplankton’s,

→Damage to fish productivity etc.

•WATER POLLUTION:‐contamination of water by foreign substances which make it harmful for health of animals or plants or aquatic life and make it unfit for domestic, industrial and agriculture use.

•Fluorosis: is a cosmetic condition that affects teeth it occurs due to over exposure to fluoride ions. It is water born disease due increased level of F‐ ions in water.


(i) Sewage and domestic wastes

(ii) Industrial effluents

(iii) Agriculture effluents Siltation‐mixing of soil or rock into water

(iv) Thermal pollutants Radioactive discharge

•EUTROPHICATION: The process in which nutrient enriched water bodies support a dense plant population, which kills animal life by depriving it of oxygen and results in subsequent loss of biodiversity is known as Eutrophication

•BOD: The amount of oxygen required by bacteria to break down the organic matter present in a certain volume of a sample of water is called Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

•COD: Chemical oxygen demand is a measure of the capacity of water to consume oxygen during the decomposition of inorganic chemicals such as ammonia, & nitrite.

SOIL POLLUTION: Any factor which deteriorates the quality of soil. Insecticides, pesticides and herbicides cause soil pollution.

•GREEN CHEMISTRY: Green chemistry us a way of thinking and is about utilizing the existing knowledge and principles of chemistry and other sciences to reduce the adverse impact on environment. Green chemistry is a production process that would bring out minimum pollution or deterioration to the environment. Utilization of existing knowledge base for reducing the chemical hazards along with the development of activities is the foundation of green chemistry.

(i) In dry cleaning ,use of liquefied CO2 in place of tetrachloroethene (Cl2C=CCl2)

(ii) In bleaching of paper using H2O2 in place of chlorine.

(iii) In the manufacture of chemicals like ethanal using environment‐friendly chemicals and conditions

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