Click below for Class 11 geography worksheets, assignments, syllabus, ncert cbse books, ncert solutions, multiple choice questions (mcqs), easy to learn concepts and study notes and other study material
CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus and Examination Structure
Topic or Chapter
Fundamentals of Physical Geography
Geography as a discipline
Water (Oceans) - OTBA
Life on the Earth
Map and Diagram
India - Physical Environment
Climate, vegetation and soil
Natural hazards and Disasters
Map and Diagram
Fundamentals of Maps
Topographic and Weather Maps
Practical Record Book and Viva
Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography
Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline
- Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
- Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
- Scope and Career Options
Unit-2: The Earth
- Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
- Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
- Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.
- Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
- Landforms and their evolution.
- Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.
Unit 4: Climate
- Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
- Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
- Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
- Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
- World climates-classification (Koeppen and Thornthwaite), Global warming and climatic changes.
- Climate and Global Concerns.
Unit 5: Hydrosphere
- Basics of Oceanography
- Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.
- Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
- Ocean resources and pollution.
Unit 6: Biosphere
- Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.
Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.
Part - B: India - Physical Environment
- Location, space relations, India's place in the world.
- Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
- Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.
Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil
- Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).
- Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.
- Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.
Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management
- Floods, Cloudbursts
- Droughts: types and impact
- Earthquakes and Tsunami
- Cyclones: features and impact
Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India.
Part - C: Practical Work
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps
- Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
- Maps - types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.
- Map projection - Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)
Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps
- Study of topographic maps (1:50,000 or 1:25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
- Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.
- Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).
- Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.
Latest NCERT & CBSE News
Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning
As CBSE has issued instructions for all teachers to stay at home, CBSE has also issued fresh instructions for teachers to prepare study material for students. CBSE has asked teachers to prepare online study material including videos which can be shared with students....
The CBSE board examinations will start from 15 February 2020. The CBSE Board issued admit cards, and all schools start distributing copies of the admit cards. All students should read their admit card details correctly. CBSE admit card details the examination centre,...
Due to the increased tension in some parts of Delhi, Delhi government has decided to postpone the CBSE boards exams for class 10 and class 12 in North East Delhi schools only. The dates on which the exams will be scheduled again has not been notified by CBSE till now....
As you all are aware that the boards exams have been postponed due to Corona Virus. You can refer to the notification issued by CBSE too. While the board exams were going on the checking of answer sheets were also going on. CBSE took really good measures to increase...
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on Wednesday postponed the board examination of standard XII scheduled for Thursday, that is, on the 27th February 2020 for the areas of north - east Delhi affected by communal riots. The rescheduled date for the exam is...
The Delhi Government takes another step ahead towards Digitalization of the Education Sector by proposing digital attendance in all Delhi Government Schools. As part of the Zero Paperwork Programme the attendance in all Delhi government school to be noted on e-tablets...