CBSE Class 12 Biology Biodiversity And Conservation Study Guide

Download CBSE Class 12 Biology Biodiversity And Conservation Study Guide in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 12 Biology have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Biology in Standard 12. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 12 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 12 Biology for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 12 Biology given our website

Biodiversity And Conservation Study Guide Class 12 Biology Revision Notes

Class 12 Biology students should refer to the following concepts and notes for Biodiversity And Conservation Study Guide in standard 12. These exam notes for Grade 12 Biology will be very useful for upcoming class tests and examinations and help you to score good marks

Biodiversity And Conservation Study Guide Notes Class 12 Biology



• BIODIVERSITY :- It is the term used to describe the combine diversity at all the levels of biological organization.

ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY :- The diversity at the ecosystem level .

ENDEMISM :- It is the condition when species confined to that region and not found anywhere else.

GENETIC DIVERSITY :- The High diversity shown by a single species at the genetic level(distributional level .)

SPECIES AREA RELATIONSHIPS :- The relation between species richness and area.




1. What is the approximate no of plant and animal species described so far by IUCN (2004) report?

2. Which type of graph curve is obtained when species richness is plotted against area?

3. Name a few weeds that have invaded our crop fields as alien species. Why these have become uncontrollable

4. Categorize the following into in-situ and ex-situ approaches of biodiversity conservation.

i) Botanical gardens         ii) Wild life sanctuaries            iii) Gene bank

iv) Biosphere reserves     v) Sacred forests/lakes      vi) Pollen banks

vii) Tissue culture             viii) Cryo-preservation


1. Reserpine is obtained from a plant found in Himalayan ranges. Name the plant.

2. Western Ghats have greater amphibian species diversity than Eastern Ghats. Why?

3. Who proposed rivet popper hypothesis? Describe this hypothesis briefly.

4. Which type of organism are prone to co extinction and why?


1. What do you mean by bioprospecting?

2. What is depicted by the following representation of species diversity? Why these estimates do not give any figure-for prokaryotes.

3. The invasion of alien species is responsible for extinction of the indigenous species. Give

2 examples to support this statement.

4. If a speices of fish becomes extinct, all those parasites, specific to that fish also face extinction. Which of the major cause describe as ―the evil Quartet‘s is being accounted?


5. Categorize the followings statement into narrowly utilitarian, broadly utilitarian and ethical reason:-
i) Every species in biodiversity has an intrinsic value even if it not of value to us.
ii) Human beings device a number of economic benefits like food, fiber etc from biodiversity.
iii) Biodiversity provides ecosystem services which can not be given price tag. Justify your categorization also.

6. Since the origin of life on earth and evolution there have been 5 episodes of mass extinction, but the current rate of extinction is 100-1000 times. What are the main causes of
high extinction rate and how is it going to harm human beings

1 What is IUCN Red list ? Give any two uses of this list .
2Name any 2 threatened animal species of India .
3Which are the biodiversity HOT Spots in India ?
4Name two alien species introduced in India .
5What is the importance of sacred forests and sacred lakes ?
6What is cryo preservation ?Give its one use .
7What are the major causes of species losses in geographic regions ?

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