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How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 Biology Assignment Pdf
Class 10 Biology students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for How Do Organisms Reproduce in standard 10. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Biology will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Class 10 Biology Assignment for How Do Organisms Reproduce
MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science Reproduction :-
(B) Solanum tuberosum
(C) Arachis hypogea
(D) Allium cepa
(D) adventive embryony
(D) none of these
(B) 7 celled
(C) 6 called
(D) 5 celled
(B) presence of rectum
(D) requirement of low temperate for spermatogenesis
(B) ovary of frog
(C) ovary of cockroach
(D) ovary of mammals
(D) fallopian tube
(B) asexual reproduction
(D) Both A & B are correct
(B) female mammals
(C) male amphibians
(D) female amphibians
(C) golgi bodies
(B) find ovum
(D) higher activity
Answer : D
(A) Offspring are genetically identical
(B) It is rapid and economical method of reproduction
(C) It produces seedless fruits
(D) Disease of parent plant gets transferred to the offspring.
Answer : D
Question : Name the tubules where the sperms are produced.
Answer : The seminiferous tubules are the site of the germination, maturation, and transportation of the sperm cells within the male testes.
Question : What is implantation?
Answer : implantation is the attachment of the embryo to inner lining of the uterus.
Question : Name the correct substrates for the following enzymes.
Answer : (a) Trypsin-Protein
Answer : The sexual act always has the potential to lead to pregnancy. Pregnancy will make major demands on the body and the mind of the woman and if she is not ready for it, her health will adversely affected. Therefore, adopting contraceptive methods are essential. Some contraceptive methods like condom also prevent spread of STDs and lethal diseases like HIVAIDS.
Question. How do bryophyllum reproduce?
Answer: Bryophyllum reproduce by budding in leaves
Question. What is implantation?
Answer: Placing of embryo in the uterine wall is called implantation
Question. Why do organisms reproduce?
Answer: Organisms reproduce to create more individuals like themselves.
Question. What are the various parts of human male reproductive system?
Answer: A pair of testis, a pair of vas deferens, prostrate glands, seminal vesicles, penis
Question. What is the basis for evolution?
Answer: The inbuilt tendency for variation during reproduction forms the basis of evolution.
Question. Which part of a cell contains information for inheritance of features in the form of DNA molecules?
Question. Name the type of reproduction in which
i. Single parent is involved
ii. Two parents involved
Answer: i. Asexual reproduction
ii. sexual reproduction
Question. The rates of __________ and ________in a given population determine its size.
Answer: Birth and death
Question. Name the non-reproductive part of rhizopus.
Question. What is gestation period?
Answer: The development of embryo inside the uterus for approximately nine month period is called gestation period
Short Answer Questions
Question : (a) Write the function of following parts in human female reproduction system:
(i)Ovary (ii) Oviduct (iii) Uterus
(b)Describe in brief the structure and function of placenta.
Answer : (a) (i)Ovary: Release egg and female hormone estrogen
(ii)Oviduct: Transportation of ovum from ovary to uterus and it is a site of fertilization.
(iii)Uterus: Development of embryo
(b)Placenta: It is a disc embedded in uterine wall which contains villi on the embryo side of the tissue and blood space on mother side.
Function of placenta:
(i) Provides nourishment to embryo from mother’s blood.
(ii) Removal of waste embryo to mother’s blood.
Question : Define vegetative propagation. List its methods and advantages.
Answer : In vegetative propagation new plants are obtained from the parts of old plants-stem, leaves or root without the help of any reproductive organ.
Natural methods of vegetative propagation
Artificial Method of Vegetative Propagation
Advantages of vegetative propagation
(i)The new plant produced by artificial vegetative propagation will be exactly like parent plant.
(ii)The fruit trees grown from cutting or grafting start to bear fruits much earlier.
(iii)Many plants can be grown from just one parent plant.
(iv)We can also get seedless plant by artificial propagation.
Answer : Spore formation: The spores in fungi vary in shape. Spores are usually unicellular, thick walled, spherical. The thick walls provide protection till these come in contact with other surface and can begin to grow. Sometimes the spores may be multicellular also. Sometimes the spores are produced endogenously in special sac-like asexual reproductive bodies called sporangia. Spores in such cases are called sporangiospores. Spores on falling on ground or substratum grow new hypha, e.g. Rhizopus, Mucor and Penicillium.
Question : What are the different methods of contraception?
Answer : Different methods of contraception are –
a) Barrier method – In this method, a device used to prevent the entry of sperms in the female genital tract example – Condom, Diaphragm, Cervical caps.
b) Chemical method – In this method certain drugs (containing hormones) are used by the females. These drugs are avaiblabe in the form of pills. There are two kinds of pills commonly used for preventing pregnancies – oral pills and vaginal pills or creams.
c) Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD’S) – IUCD like copper – T is placed in the uterus – IUCD prevent implantation of the fertilized ovum inside the uterus.
Question : What are the essential requisites for sexual reproduction?
Answer : Essential requisites for sexual reproduction are –
a) Transfer of germ cells – Specialized germ – cells have to fuse together, which can happen by either of the following modes –
(i) External release of germ cells – In flowering plant
(ii) Internal transfer of germ cells – In animal cells.
Requirement of special organs –
For example –
a) An erectile organ called penis
b) Organs which can carry the baby for long period
Question : What is AIDS? Name its causal organism. Mention its symptoms.
Answer : AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease. Its full form is acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is a viral disease, caused by human immune deficiency virus. Its symptoms area) Destroys the immune system of body.
b) Persistent cough and fever.
c) Body attacked by other diseases like pneumonia, TB and certain cancers.
Question : Describe any 3 methods of asexual reproduction
Answer : Methods of asexual reproduction –
a) Primary fission – It is a type reproduction in which one parent organism divides into two new organisms. Firstly nucleus divide and then division of cytoplasm takes place.
b) Spore formation – A spore is a small microscopic structure with a thick wall. Spores are formed in a structure called sporangium. Nucleus inside sporangium divides repeatedly and produces many nuclei. Each nucleus is surrounded by cytoplasm and called spore.
c) Fragmentation – It is the breaking of an organism into two or more parts upon maturation, each of which grows to form a new individual.
Long Answer Questions
Question : Describe triples fusion in plants? Where does it occur? Draw a neat and clean well labeled diagram to support your answer.
Answer : After pollination, the pollen grains germinate n the stigma by producting pollen tube. This pollen tube is formed from inner wall of the pollen grain. It penetrates the stigma and passes through the style and enters the ovule through an opening called male gamete it releases two male gametes in the embryo sac. One male gamete fuses with egg cells and second fuses with two polar nuclei. The fusion of one male gamete with the egg cells is called syngamy. The fusion
of second male gamete with two polar nuclei is called triple fusion. This process occurs in ovary.
Question : Draw a well labeled diagram of female reproductive system and mention its part
b) Fallopian tubes – There are two fallopian tubes. It carries ova from ovary to the uterus. Fertilization occurs in fallopian tubes.
c) Uterus – Pear shaped hollow muscular organ. Fertilized ovum remains attached to the uterus wall.
d) Vagina – It is a narrow muscular tube. Its upper end is connected to the cervix of the uterus and lower end opens outside through an opening. It is a place for copulation.
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