CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Science

Download CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Science 2023 2024. Refer to the latest syllabus provided below and free download latest curriculum of Class 10 for Science issued by CBSE and NCERT, free download in pdf, get topic wise weightage, suggested readings and books based on latest syllabus and guidelines. The Science Class 10 Syllabus curriculum has been developed and issued by CBSE and NCERT for Science in Class 10. All students studying in Class 10 are suggested to go through latest syllabus to ensure that their preparation is as per the latest syllabus issued by CBSE NCERT KVS. Class 10 Science students should do preparation for Science exam strictly based on the latest curriculum and concentrate more on the topics with higher weightage to help them score higher marks in Class 10 Science class tests and exams

Class 10 Science Syllabus

It is important for students to study as per the latest Class 10 Science curriculum and marks breakup as per important topics. This will help to prepare properly for the upcoming examination. You can click on the following links to download the latest and past year syllabus provided by us below.

Year Wise Science Syllabus Class 10

Unit No.              Unit                                                              Marks
I                   Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour         25
II                  World of Living                                                         25
III                 Natural Phenomena                                                12
IV                 Effects of Current                                                   13
V                  Natural Resources                                                 05
                           Total                                                                80
                    Internal assessment                                             20
                          Grand Total                                                    100

Theme: Materials

Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction.
Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide,Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.
Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.
Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health - need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded - evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).

Theme: Natural Phenomena

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required),magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.
Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.
Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in dailylife
(excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset).

Theme: How Things Work

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R. Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carryingconductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Theme: Natural Resources

Unit V: Natural Resources

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Note for the Teachers:

1. The chapter Management of Natural Resources (NCERT Chapter 16) will not be assessed in the year-end examination. However, learners may be assigned to read this chapter and encouraged to prepare a brief write up to any concept of this chapter in their Portfolio. This may be for Internal Assessment and credit may be given Periodic Assessment/Portfolio).
2. The NCERT text books present information in boxes across the book. These help students to get conceptual clarity. However, the information in these boxes would not be assessed in the year-end examination.


Practical should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.


1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:   Unit-I

(i) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
(ii) Dilute NaOH solution
(iii) Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
(iv) Lemon juice
(v) Water
(vi) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:   Unit-I
a) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
b) Zinc metal
c) Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:     Unit-I
A. Combination reaction
B. Decomposition reaction
C. Displacement reaction
D. Double displacement reaction
(i) Action of water on quicklime
(ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
(iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
(iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:    Unit-I
i) ZnSO4(aq)
ii) FeSO4(aq)
iii) CuSO4(aq)
iv) Al2 (SO4)3(aq)
Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.     Unit-IV

5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.    Unit-IV

6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.    Unit- II

7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.    Unit-II

8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):    Unit- I
i) Odour
ii) solubility in water
iii) effect on litmus
iv) reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.   Unit- I

10. Determination of the focal length of:   Unit-III
i) Concave mirror
ii) Convex lens
by obtaining the image of a distant object.

11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.   Unit - III

12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.   Unit-II

13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.   Unit-III

14. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).  Unit-II


• Science-Textbook for class IX-NCERT Publication
• Science-Text book for class X- NCERT Publication
• Assessment of Practical Skills in Science-Class IX - CBSE Publication
• Assessment of Practical Skills in Science- Class X- CBSE Publication
• Laboratory Manual-Science-Class IX, NCERT Publication
• Laboratory Manual-Science-Class X, NCERT Publication
• Exemplar Problems Class IX – NCERT Publication
• Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication


Theory (80 marks) Question Paper Design

(Class X)

Subject: Science 

Competencies                                                   Total
Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding      46 %
Application of Knowledge/Concepts                    22 %
Formulate, Analyze, Evaluate and Create           32 %

• Typology of Questions: VSA including objective type questions, Assertion – Reasoning type questions; SA; LA; Source-based/ Case-based/ Passage-based/ Integrated assessment questions.
• An internal choice of approximately 33% would be provided.

Internal Assessment (20 Marks)
• Periodic Assessment - 05 marks + 05 marks
• Subject Enrichment (Practical Work) - 05 marks
• Portfolio - 05 marks

Suggestive verbs for various competencies
• Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding
o State, name, list, identify, define, suggest, describe, outline, summarize, etc.
• Application of Knowledge/Concepts
o Calculate, illustrate, show, adapt, explain, distinguish, etc.
• Formulate, Analyze, Evaluate and Create
o Interpret, analyze, compare, contrast, examine, evaluate, discuss, construct, etc.

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