Download CBSE Class 10 Social Science Print Culture And Modern World Notes Set A in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 10 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 10. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 10 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 10 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 10 Social Science given our website
•Invention of Printing Press had a very lasting effect on the social and cultural life of man
• Print initially developed East Asia and later developed through Europe and India.
• Before the era of print or invention of Printing Press, writing of books was poorly manual affair.
• Books were handwritten and even illustrated.
• Calligraphy developed as an art during that era.
• Calligraphy means the art of beautiful and stylish writing.
• Printed Matter Chinese Tradition: Chinese were the first to have a system of recruitment of civil service personal through open examination.
• Printing remained confined to examination materials till around the 16th century.
• Trade information was circulated among the traders through printed materials.
• By 19th century mechanical printing press made their appearance in China
• The First Printing Press was invented in 1430s by Johann Gutenberg
• Johann Gutenberg’s Bible was the most beautiful books ever printed.
• Germany took the lead in revolutionizing printing all over Europe.
• The new Print Technology revolutionized the way knowledge came to be spread among the peoples. Printed books were now affordable for a much wider section of the society.
• Power driven Cylindrical Press could print up to 8000 sheets in an hour.
• Invention of Offset Printing.
• Use of electrically operated printing machines
• Use of Paper reels in place of paper sheets and photo electric control of colour register.
• Advertisement and posters were also printed.
• Publication of cheap series of books.
• India and Print Culture
• Print culture came to India with the coming of Portuguese missionaries. Konkani was the first Indian language in which books were printed.
• The first Tamil book printed was printed in 1579 and Malayalam book in 1713.
• English printing in India commenced with the publication of Bengal Gazette in 1780.
• Printed tracts played a very significant role in the spread of social reform movement in India
• Popular Prints-The Calendars and Cartoons
• Printed pictures mostly portrayed Gods and Goddesses
• Printed Material specially for women
• Books for Workers-Industrialization and invention of machines popularized printed books.
• Control on Circulation of Printed Literature- Control on the freedom of press was first introduced in 1820 by the Calcutta Supreme Court.
• Thomas Macaulay played a very important role in withdrawing restrictions on press.
• During the period of freedom struggle British Rulers restricted the freedom of the press.
SHORT ANSWERS TYPE QUESTIONS
Q.1 - :Explain any three features of handwritten manuscripts before the age of print in India?
• They were copied on palm leaves or on handmade papers.
• Pages were beautifully illustrated.
• They were pressed between wooden covers or sewn together to ensure preservation.
• Manuscripts were available in vernacular languages.
• Highly expensive & fragile.
• They could not read easily as the script was written in different styles.
• They were not widely used in everyday life.
Q.2 - :Why did the wood block method become popular in Europe?
• Production of handwritten manuscripts could not meet the ever increasing demand for books.
• Copying was an expensive, laborious and time consuming business.
• The manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle and could not be carried around or read easily .
• By the early 15th century, woodblocks started being widely used in Europe to print textiles, playing cards and religious pictures with simple, brief texts.
Q.3 - :What was the role of new ’visual image ‘culture in printing in India?
• At the end of the 19th century a new visual culture had started.
• With the increasing number of printing presses visual images could be easily reproduced in multiple copies.
• Painters like Raja Ravi Varma produced images for mass circulation.
• Cheap prints and calendars were brought even by the poor to decorate the walls of their houses.
Q.4” - :Print popularized the ideas of the enlightenment thinkers “.Explain .
• Collectively the writings of thinkers provided a critical commentary on tradition, superstition and despotism.
• Scholars and thinkers argued for the rule of reason rather than custom and demanded that everything to be judged through the application of reason and rationality.
• They attacked the sacred authority of the church and the despotic power of the state thus eroding the legitimacy of a social order based on tradition .
• The writing of Voltaire and Rousseau was read widely and those who read these books saw the world through new eyes, eyes that were questioning critical and rational.
Q5 .Describe any three factors which contributed to the development of print technology.
• Handwritten manuscripts could not meet the increasing demand for books
• Manuscripts were fragile, difficult handle
• Wood block printing, brought from China gradually became more popular.
• Johann Gutenberg developed the first -known printing in1430s
5 Mark Questions
Q.1 - :How print revolution led to the development of reading mania in Europe .
• As literacy and schools spread in European countries there was a virtual reading mania.
• A new forms of popular literature appeared to target new readers
• There were ritual calendars along with ballads and folk tales.
• In England penny chapbooks were carried by petty peddlers known as Chapman and sold for a Penny, so that even the poor could buy them.
• In France these low priced books were called Bibliotheque Bleue as they were bound in cheap blue covers.
• There were romances, histories, books of various sixes, serving developed to combine information on current affairs with entertainment.
• Periodical pressed developed to combine information on current affairs with entertainment.
• The idea of scientists and scholars had now become more accessible to the common people.
Q.2 - :How did oral culture enter print and how was the printed material transmitted orally? Explain Oral culture entered print into the following ways –
• Printers published popular ballads and folktales .
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