Download CBSE Class 10 Social Science Globalisation And The Indian Economy Notes Set A in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 10 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 10. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 10 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 10 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 10 Social Science given our website
- • Globalization refers to the integration of the domestic economy with the economies of the world.
• An MNC is a company that owns and controls production in more than one nation.
• Foreign Investment is investment made by MNCs.
• Liberalization means the removal of barriers and restrictions set by the government on foreign trade.
• Governments use trade barriers to increase or decrease (regulate) foreign trade to protect the domestic industries from foreign competition. Ex. Tax on imports. Around 1991, government India adopted the policy of liberalization
• World Trade Organization (WTO) was started at the initiative of the developed countries. Its main objective is to liberalize international trade.
• Privatization means transfer of ownership of property from public sector to private sector.
• Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) is the contracting of non primary business activities and functions to a third party service provider.
• Multi lateral Agreement is agreement entered by group of countries.
• Mixed economy is a system in which private and public sector work together.
• Economic Reforms or New Economic Policy is policy adopted by the Government of India since July 1991. Its key features are Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG)
QUESTION AND ANSWERS: (ONE MARK)
1. Name the organization lay emphasize Liberalization of foreign trade and Foreign Investment.
World Trade Organization
2. What do you mean by FDI?
Foreign Direct Investment.
3. What are SEZ?
Special Economic Zone
4. Name two Indian Companies which are also known as MNC.
TATA Motors, Bajaj
5. What is the most common route for investments by MNCs in countries around the world?
Buy existing local companies
QUESTION AND ANSWERS: (THREE MARK)
1. What are the advantages of foreign trade?
• Foreign trade gives opportunity to reach buyers in domestic and international markets.
• Choice of the consumers expands manifolds
• The process of similar goods in the markets tends to become equal
2. What is globalisation?
• Integrating a country’s economy with world’s economy
• Foreign producers can sell their goods and services in India and Indian producers can also sell goods and services in other country.
• Inter-dependence of different countries of the world economically
3. What are the factors that attract MNCs to set up factories in third world countries?
• For better prospectus and profits.
• Favourable government policies
• Availability of highly skilled man power easily and cheaply.
4. How foreign trade leads to integration of markets?
• Trade between countries enables them to extend the boundaries of the market.
• Foreign trade enables countries of the world to consume goods that they are not able to produce
• Foreign trade helps equalizing prices over different parts of the world
5. What is Tax Barrier? How it helps in regulating the foreign trade?
• In some cases it may be necessary to protect local manufacturers from imports.
• Countries set up Tax Barriers to protect their National Interest
• They may be in the form of high import duty and quota restrictions.
6. ‘Globalisation has led to the worsening of the working conditions of the laborers’. Comment.
• Globalisation and open competition leads to insecure working conditions.
• The workers do not get a fair share of profits which the big companies make.
• Workers are exploited by the big companies as they are not given any in- job benefits.
7. How does liberalization contribute to the expansion of markets in India?
• As a result of liberalization foreign companies are able to set up their offices and markets in India
• The Government of India established many Special Economic Zones where all sorts of facilities made available to foreign companies.
• Foreign companies were allowed flexibility in lab our laws so that they could employ workers for short period.
8. How has technology stimulated the globalization process?
• Improvement in transportation technology has made faster delivery of goods across long distances at lower rates.
• Improvement in IT Sector
• Invention of Computers, Internet, Mobile Phones, and Fax etc. has made contacts with people around the world quite easy.
QUESTION AND ANSWERS: (FIVE MARK)
1. How do MNCs interlink production across countries?
• MNC’s set up their production units in those areas which are quite close to the markets.
• It sets up production jointly with some of the local companies of the selected countries
• Sometimes large MNCs place orders for production with small producers and provide them money for additional investments.
• Sometimes MNCs buy local companies and then expand their production
• Provide latest technology for better and speedy production
2. What are the factors that have enabled globalisation?
• Rapid improvement in technology
• Development in information and communication technology.
• Liberalization of foreign investment policies of the governments.
• Pressure from international organizations such as WTO
3. Explain any five positive impacts of globalisation.
• Globalisation and greater competition among producers have been of advantage to consumers, in terms of wider choice, improved quality and lower prices.
• Enormous increase in foreign investment through MNCs.
• Several of the top Indian companies have been able to benefit from globalisation as they got newer technology and collaboration with foreign companies.
• Some large companies emerged as MNCs Ex. Tata Motors, Infosys.
• New opportunities are created for companies providing services especially those involving IT.
• It has enabled the third world countries to get better technology at a cheaper rate
4. Explain any five negative impacts of globalisation.
• Globalisation has led to widening of income inequalities among various countries.
• It has widened the gap between the rich and the poor within the countries.
• It has worsened the working condition of the labourers, especially in the unorganized
• The benefits of globalization were not equally distributed among the people, and generally the upper class, in terms of income and education, only got benefited.
• Agricultural sector has been hard hit by the policies of globalization.
5. What measures can be taken by the government to make globalization fair?
• The policies of the government must focus on protecting the interests of all sections of the people.
• Government should ensure that lab our laws are properly implemented and workers get their rights.
• Government should support small industries to face competitions.
• In certain situations, trade and investment barriers should be imposed.
• The government should negotiate at the WTO for fairer rules.
6. What were the main reasons for imposing barriers in Indian after independence?
• The term liberalization means the removal of barriers and restrictions set by the government on foreign trade.
• Governments use trade barriers to increase or decrease (regulate) foreign trade.
• Trade barriers were used to protect the domestic industries from foreign competition. E.g. Tax on imports.
• It was considered necessary to protect producers within the country from foreign competition.
• The competition from foreign competitors could have crippled the new born industries in India.
7. Critically examine the functioning of WTO
• The operations of the WTO will lead to undue interference into the internal affairs of different countries.
• Domination of developed countries.
• Serves the interests of the developed nations.
• Access to markets of developed countries by developing countries is negligible’
• WTO rules forced the developing countries to remove trade barriers where as many developed countries unfairly retained trade barriers.
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