NEET Biology The Living World MCQs Set A

NEET Biology The Living World MCQs Set A with answers available in Pdf for free download. The MCQ Questions for NEET Biology with answers have been prepared as per the latest 2021 NEET Biology syllabus, books and examination pattern. Multiple Choice Questions form important part of competitive exams and NEET exam and if practiced properly can help you to get higher rank. Refer to more topic wise NEET Biology Questions and also download more latest study material for all subjects and do free NEET Biology Mock Test

Q.1 At present scientific names have been given to
(1) 10 million species (2) 1.7 million species
(3) 3.9 million species (4) 1 million species
Q.2 Study of principles and procedures of classification of organisms is
(1) Systematics (2) Classification (3) Taxonomy (4) Nomenclature
Q.3 First step of taxonomy is
(1) Characterisation (2) Identification (3) Nomenclature (4) All of these
Q.4 Taxonomy comprises
(1) Classification (3) Identification (4) Classification (2) Nomenclature
Q.5 Who among the following is called as the father of taxonomy?
(1) Lamarck (2) Linnaeus (3) A. P. de Candolle (4) Casper Bauhin
Q.6 The father of Indian systematic botany is
(1) R.Mishra (3) Theophrastus (2) Santapau (4) Linnaeus
Q.7 'Historia Generalis Plantarum' was published by
(1) Engler and Prantl (2) Hutchinson
(3) Bentham & Hooker (4) John Ray
Q.8 The book' Philosophic Zoologique' published in 1809 was written by
(1) C. Darwin (2) Huxley (3) A.I. Oparin (4) Lamarck
Q.9 'Species Plantarum' and 'Systema Naturae' were written by
(1) Engler (2) Linnaeus (3) Hooker (4) Wallace
Q.10 Carolus Linnaeus is the father of taxonomy because of one of his contribution
(1) Genera Plantarum (2) Binomial nomenclature
(3) Described nearly ten thousand plants and animal species
(4) Die Naturlichen Pflanzen Familien
Q.11 According to binomial nomenclature, two words used for naming a plant or animal are
(1) Species and genus (2) Genus and species
(3) Species and family (4) Genus and family
Q.12 Corvus splendens splendens is the scientific name of Indian crow, it represents
(1) Binomial nomenclature (2) Autonyms
(3) Tautonyms (4) Synonyms
Q.13 Type specimen described alongwith holotype is
(1) Isotype (2) Paratype (3) Topotype (4) Syntype
Q.14 Scientific names were first standardised through
(1) ICBN (2) ICZN (3) BSI (4) ZSl
Q.15 The category that includes related families is
(1) Class (2) Phylum (3) Order (4) Kingdom
Q.16 The fundamental taxonomic category or basic unit of classification is
(1) Genus (2) Species (3) Sub-species (4) Variety
Q.17 Organisms which can freely interbreed and produce fertile offspring and have similar coded information or blue print for making these organisms are called
(1) Species (2) Tribe (3) Genus (4) Sub-genus
Q.18 The concept of genus was first proposed by
(1) Linnaeus (2) Brunfels (3) Bentham (4) Julian Huxley
Q.19 Who gave the biological concept of species?
(1) Aristotle (2) Ernst Mayr (3) John Ray (4) Carolus Linnaeus
Q.20 Hinny is a hybrid produced under natural conditions by crossing
(1) Male tiger and female lion (2) Female horse and male donkey
(3) Male horse and female donkey (4) Female tiger and male lion
Q.21 A genus having many species is known as
(1) Polytypic (2) Monotypic (3) Polygamic (4) Both (1) & (3)
Q.22 Which of the following chemicals is used for poisoning the specimens in herbarium technique?
(1) Hg2Cl2 (2) AgNO3 (3) HCl (4) HgCl2
Q.23 The international size of herbarium sheet is
(1) 41 × 29cm (2) 40 × 30 inches (3) 42 × 20cm (4) 39 × 28cm
Q.24 Which of the following is not included in the minor herbaria?
(1) Regional herbaria (2) College herbaria (3) National herbaria (4) Local herbaria
Q.25 Central National Herbarium is situated at
(1) Chennai (2) Kolkata (3) Dehradun (4) Mumbai
Q.26 National Museum of Natural History is located at
(1) Mumbai (2) Washington (3) Delhi (4) London
Q.27 Largest zoo of the world is situated in
(1) London (2) Chicago (3) Washington (4) Kruger
Q.28 The concept of key was introduced by
(1) John Ray (2) Bentham (3) Linnaeus (4) Hutchinson
Q.29 Most acceptable concept of species is -
(1) Static concept (2) Biological concept
(3) Typological concept (4) Genetic concept
Q.30 The term new systematics was introduced by -
(1) Linnaeus (2) Bentham (3) Hutchinson (4) Huxley
Q.31 Group of organisms that closely resemble each other and freely interbreed in nature, constitute a -
(1) Species (2) Genus (3) Family (4) Taxon
Q.32 ICBN was first revised in -
(1) 1961 (2) 1964 (3) 1975 (4) 1753
Q.33 The term taxon refers to -
(1) Name of a species (2) Name of genus
(3) Name of family (4) A taxonomic group of any rank
Q.34 The basic unit of classification is -
(1) Genus (2) Species (3) Order (4) All of the above
Q.35 Suffix for sub species is -
(1) Phytina (2) Oideae (3) Ineae (4) None
Q.36 Taxonomy refers to -
(1) Plant classification (2) Plant nomenclature
(3) Plant identification (4) All the above
Q.37 Systematics deals with -
(1) Classification (2) Nomenclature (3) Plant description (4) Plant exploration
Q.38 Static concept of species is given by -
(1) Linnaeus (2) Bentham (3) Koch (4) Mayr
Q.39 The suffix-ine singnifies the rank -
(1) Tribe (2) Sub-tribe (3) Sub-order (4) Sub-family
Q.40 Species living in different geographical areas are called -
(1) Allochronic (2) Allopatric (3) Sympatric (4) Siblings
Q.41 For higher plants, flowers are chiefly used as a basis of classification, because-
(1) These show a great veriety in colour
(2) It can be preserved easily
(3) Reproductive parts are more conservative than vegetative parts
(4) None of these
Q.42 The smallest unit of classification is-
(1) Family (2) Order (3) Genus (4) Species
Q.43 Concept of phylogeny was proposed by -
(1) John Ray (2) Lamarck (3) Ernest Haeckel (4) Darwin
Q.44 The standared size of herbarium sheets is -
(1) 11.5'' × 16.5'' (2) 15.5'' × 16.5'' (3) 18.5'' × 10.5'' (4) 20.5'' × 21.5''
Q.45 The systematic arrangement of taxa is called-
(1) Key (2) Taxonomy (3) Geneology (4) Hierarchy
Q.46 Number of obligatory categories in taxonomy are-
(1) 7 (2) 8 (3) 9 (4) 5
Q.47 Herbarium is -
(1) A garden where medicinal plants are grown
(2) Garden where herbaceous plants are grown
(3) Dry garden (4) Chemical to kill plants
Q.48 The year of publication of ''Species plantarum''-
(1) 1853 (2) 1857 (3) 1753 (4) 1786
Q.49 A duplicate of holotype is called -
(1) Isotype (2) Syntype (3) Neotype (4) Paratype
Q.50 Which of the following is a correct scientific name -
(1) Tamarindus (2) Indicus (3) Indica (4) Tamarindus indicus
Q.51 Practical significance of taxonomy is -
(1) Classification (2) To understand diversity
(3) To understand evolution (4) Identification of organisms
Q.52 Which name is invalid-
(1) Name not published in species plantarum
(2) Name proposed prior to 1961
(3) Name which is in latin
(4) Name for which holotype is not designated
Q.53 Author of book ''Flora of British India'' -
(1) Father Santapau (2) J.D. Hooker
(3) William Rouxburgh (4) G. Bentham
Q.54 ''Genera Plantarum'' was written by -
(1) Engler and Prantal (2) Hutchinson
(3) Bentham & Hooker (4) Bessey
Q.55 Live specimens are used for reference in taxonomic studies in
(1) Museum (2) Zoological parks
(3) Botanical gardens (4) More than one option is correct
Q.56 The scientific naming of plants begin with publication of Linnaeus book -
(1) Genera plantarum (2) Systema nature
(3) Species plantarum (4) Charaka sanhita
Q.57 Morphologically similar but reproductively isolated species are called -
(1) Neontological species (2) Sibling species
(3) Allopatric species (4) Morpho-species
Q.58 The biological concept of species is mainly based on -
(1) Morphological features (2) Morphology and method of reproduction
(3) Method of reproduction only (4) Reproductive isolation
Q.59 Tautonyms are valid names according to-
(1) ICBN (2) Species plantarum
(3) Genera plantarum (4) ICZN
Q.60 Father of Indian Botany is associated with which one of the following botanical garden?
(1) National Botanical Garden (2) Lloyd Botanical Garden
(3) The Indian Botanical Garden (4) Royal Botanical Garden
NEET Biology The Living World MCQs Set A

Q.1 Select correct statement for growth as one of the characteristic of living organisms.
(1) Growth by increase in mass is a defining property of prokaryotic organisms only
(2) Non-living objects do not show growth by increase in mass of body
(3) Intrinsic growth is a characteristic of all living organisms
(4) Growth can be extrinsic or intrinsic for multicellular organisms
Q.2 Reproduction is synonymous with growth in
(1) Most of the fungi and Planaria (2) Desmids, diatoms and protozoans
(3) Cyanobacteria, fungi and mosses (4) Mosses, algae and hydra
Q.3 Binomial epithet has
(1) Two Latin names only
(2) Two Italics names written in Latin
(3) Two Latin names and author's name in Italics
(4) Two Latin names followed by author's name in Roman
Q.4 In taxonomic hierarchy, which of the following group of taxa will have less number of similarities as compared to other?
(1) Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae and Poaceae
(2) Polymoniales, Poales and Sapindales
(3) Solanum, Petunia and Atropa
(4) Leopard, Tiger and Lion
Q.5 In which of the following pair of category, greater is the difficulty of determining the relationship to other taxa at the same level, thus, the problem of classification becomes more complex?
(1) Genus and species (2) Tribe and genus
(3) Division and phylum (4) Species and family
Q.6 Rice, cereals, monocots and plants represent
(1) Different taxa at different level (2) Same taxa of different category
(3) Different category of same taxa (4) Same category for different taxa
Q.7 Select the correct match
          Column I                                      Column II
a. Ex-situ conservation                     (i) Herbarium
b. Quick referral system                   (ii) Museum
c. Preserved plants                           (iii) Flora
d. Actual account of habitat and      (iv) Botanical Gardens distribution of plants of a given area
(1) a(ii), b(iii), c(iv), d(i) (2) a(i), b(iv), c(ii), d(iii)
(3) a(iv), b(i), c(iii), d(ii) (4) a(iv), b(i), c(ii), d(iii)
Q.8 Which one of the following criteria is/are essential and form the basis of modern taxonomic studies?
(1) Ecological information of organisms (2) Development process
(3) External and internal structure (4) All of these
Q.9 The equivalent rank of Carnivora in taxonomic categories of man and housefly is respectively
(1) Homo and Musca (2) Hominidae and Muscidae
(3) Mammalia and Insecta (4) Primata and Diptera
Q.10 Individuals of same species having non-genetic difference due to environment are called -
(1) Biotypes (2) Ecotype (3) Ecophenes (4) None
Q.11 Plant nomenclature means -
(1) To give names to plants without any rules
(2) Nomenclature of plants under the international rules
(3) Nomenclature of plants in local language
(4) Nomenclature of plants in english language
Q.12 Individuals of same species having genetic variation and occur in same environment are called-
(1) Biotypes (2) Ecotype (3) Ecophenes (4) Ecads
Q.13 For declaration of new species of higher plants what characters are used -
(1) Floral character of new species (2) Anatomical characters of new species
(3) Physiological character of new species (4) Character of endosperm
Q.14 Find the correct sequence of various steps of herbarium technique
a. Drying b. Poisoning c. Collection d. Labelling
e. Mounting f. Deposition g. Stitching
(1) c, a, b, e, g, d, f (2) c, b, d, e, I, g, a (3) c, a, b, e, g, I, d (4) c, a, b, g, e, f. d
Q.15 Species belonging to narrow zone of overlapping area are called
(1) Allochronic species (2) Parapatric species
(3) Sympatric species (4) Allopatric species
Q.16 Family tree of organisms based on the concept of E. Haeckel is
(1) Cladogram (2) Dendrogram (3) Monogram (4) Cryptogram
Q.17 The taxon Pteroopsida represents which one of the following categories in taxonomic hierarchy?
(1) Order (2) Cohort (3) Division (4) Class
Q.18 Specimen selected from original material to serve as new nomenclature type when holotype is missing
(1) Syntype (2) Paratype (3) Lectotype (4) lsotype
Q.19 Systematics is the study of
(1) Diversity amongst groups of organisms
(2) Grouping of organisms
(3) Identification and grouping of organisms
(4) Identification, classification and taxonomy
Q.20 Find incorrectly matched pair
(1) Die Naturlichen Pflanzen Familien – Engler and Prantl
(2) Families of Flowering Plants – John Hutchinson
(3) Flora of British India – Bentham
(4) Philosophila Botanica – Linnaeus
Q.21 The correct sequence of taxonomic categories is
(1) Division-class-family-tribe-order-genus-species
(2) Division-class-order- family-tribe-genus-species
(3) Phylum-order-class-tribe-family-genus-species
(4) Class-phylum-tribe-order-family-genus-species
Q.22 Two species can be said to be reproductively isolated if they are
(1) Interfertile
(2) Not interfertile
(3) Do not grow together in a common habitat
(4) Growing together in a common habitat
Q.23 Over 6,000,000 specimens are preserved in which botanical garden or herbaria?
(1) Museum of National History, Paris (2) Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew
(3) Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh (4) U.S. National Herbarium. Washington D.C.
Q.24 Which one of the following is the first zoological museum of India?
(1) Indian Museum, Kolkata (2) Maharaja Sawai Man Singh Museum. Jaipur
(3) Prince of Wales Museum, Mumbai (4) National Museum of Natural History, Delhi
Q.25 Which of the following statements regarding nomenclature is correct -
(1) Generic name always begins with capital letter whereas specific name with small letter
(2) Scientific name should be printed in italics
(3) Scientific name when typed or handwritten should be underlined
(4) All the above

NEET Biology The Living World MCQs Set A-



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