CBSE Class 10 English Speech Direct and Indirect Assignment. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practice them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.
SPEECH-DIRECT AND INDIRECT
What is a Direct Speech? In a Direct Speech, the speaker’s own words are quoted without making any change. For example,
Ravi said, “Mohit has gone to Delhi.”
What is an Indirect Speech? in an Indirect Speech, the essence of the Speaker’s words is given. For Example,
Ravi said that Mohit had gone to Delhi.
Some Important Points
1. In a Direct Speech-
(a) The Speaker’s actual words are placed within inverted commas (“).
(b) His actual words start with a capital letter.
(c) There is a comma after the reporting verb.
(d) At the end of his actual words, a full stop or a question mark or a sign of exclamation is put according to the need of the sentence.
(e) The tense of the speaker’s words remains the same.
2. In an Indirect Speech-
(a) Inverted commas are not used.
(b) Only the first letter of the sentence starts with a capital letter.
(c) There is no comma after the reporting verb.
(d) Conjunctions like that, to, if/whether are used to link the reporting verb and the reported speech.
(e) At the end of the sentence, only a full stop is put. Question marks are not allowed.
(f) The tense of the speaker’s words undergoes a change.
Note: If the speaker’s words express a habitual action, a universal truth, a scientific statement, a proverb or a permanent truth, the tense of the speaker’s words remain the same.
Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech
1. Tense And Verb Forms
(a) Simple Present-Simple Past
Direct: Rahul said to me, “I am your friend.”
Indirect: Rahul told me that he was my friend.
(b) Present Continuous-Past Continuous
Direct: Rahul said, “I am playing.”
Indirect: Rahul said that he was playing.
(c) Present Perfect- Past Perfect
Direct: Rahul said, “I Have done my work.”
Indirect: Rahul said that he had done his work.
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