CBSE Class 10 English Assignment - Non Finites

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CBSE Class 10 English Assignment - Non Finites. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practice them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.

There are three kinds of non-finites:

Infinitives

Gerunds

Participles

INFINITIVES.-it is also referred to as the ‘to-verb’for example.

She wants to play.

They need to renovate their house.

Note. But the infinitive can also be used without to .when we use an inventive without

‘to’ it is called a ‘a bare infinitive’. For example,

She made me repeat after her.

You must not do the sum again.

The omission of the to-infinitive the use of ‘to-infinitive- is avoided-

After the verbs like shall,, will, did, do, might, may, could. Can,

After the verbs like bid, let, make, need, see, hear, know, feel, watch, etc.

THE PARTICIPLE.-It is called a verbal adjective’ that is, a verb that forms the work of an

adjective.

There are two types of participles:

The Present Participle

The Past Participle

The present Participle is formed by adding ‘ing’ to the root form of the verb. For

example,

Hearing the news, the children shouted with joy.

The Past Participle is also called the third form of the verb. It usually ends in ed, d, t, en,

n. for example:

Having entered the house stealthily, the thief broke the safe door open

THE GERUND.-a Gerund is verbal noun, that is, it is verb that does work of a noun. For

example:

Swimming is a good exercise.

Smoking is bad for health.

Solved Example

1. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by writing the most appropriate

non-infinite forms of the verbs given in bracket.

While (a) ………………….(read) tips for health, I learnt that (b)………..(takes) tea is not

good for health. I tried (c) ………….(think) about the ways of (d)…………….prepare)

tea. Regular intake of tea is sure (e)………………..(injure) one’s health. I decided to

leave my habit of (f)…………… (consume) tea.

Ans. (a) Reading (b) taking (c) to thing (d) preparing

(d) To injure (f) consuming

Questions for Practice

2. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by writing the most appropriate

non-infinite forms of the verbs given in bracket.

Mughal kings had the habit of (a)………… (rise) vbery early and (b)…………(take) a

bath with hot water. They never liked (c)………… (use) cold water as they thought

that cold water would make them (d)……………… (catch) cold. The Mughal Kings were

fond of (e)…………. (were) very clothes (f)………………. (makes) of wool.

3. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by writing the most appropriate

non-infinite forms of the verbs given in bracket.

(a)……………………(win) the first prize in the debate competition, Raghu decided

(b)………….(put) in his maximum effort in all the (c)…………(come) inter-school

competitions. His teacher advised him not (d)……………. (feel) overconfident. (e)

…………….. (win) is not that matters always. (f)…………(be) a good student, he knew

the meaning of what his teacher advised him.

SUBJECT-VERB CONCORD

A verb agrees with the subject in number and person. A singular takes a singular verb

and a plural subject takes a plural verb.

(I) She is a good speaker.

(II) They are good speakers.

In sentence (I) the subject ‘she’ is in the singular number; the verb ‘is’also in the

singular. But in sentence (II) the subject ‘they’ is in the plural number; the verb ‘are’

is also in the plural.

For example:

(a) Girls are taking a test.

(b) Boys were weeping bitterly.

(c) They have not finished the task.

(d) Geeta is reciting a poem.

(e) My sister does not tell lies.

In the above sentences, the verbs have changed according to the person of the subject.

Thus, we know that the verb agrees with the subject in number and person. This is

known is grammar as subject-verb concord.

1. Two or more singular subject joined by ‘and’ takes a plural verb. For example:

You and I are friends.

2. When two subjects are joined by as well as the verb agrees with the first subject. For

example:

Her friends as well as she are talkative

3. Either, neither, each, every an everyone are followed by a singular verb. For example

Each of them is lovable.

4. When two singular nouns refer to the same person or thing, the verb must be

singular. For example

My sister and friend has come.

5. When two subjects together express one idea, the verb may be in the singular. For

example

Downloaded from www.studiestoday.com

Downloaded from www.studiestoday.com

Downloaded from www.studiestoday.com

Downloaded from www.studiestoday.com

Two and two makes four.

6. When a plural noun expresses some specific quantity or amount considered as a

whole, the verb is in singular. For example

Twenty kilos of rice is not much for the month.

7. When two or more singular subjects are connected by ‘with’, together with’ ‘and

not’, ‘besides’ no less than’ the verb is in singular. For example

He and not you is to blame.

8. The verb agrees with the number of the nouns that follow the verb. For example:

There are five girls in the office.

9. Some nouns which are plural in form but singular in meaning, take a singular verb.

For example

English is my favorite subject

10. A plural noun which is the name of a country or province or the title of a book, is

followed by a singular verb. For example:

West Indies is a black country.

‘Human values’ is written by M.K. Diwan.

11. A collective noun generally takes a singular verb when the subject stands for the

collection as a whole and a plural verb when the subject stands for the individuals of

which is composed. For example:

The whole class is present. The teams are celebrating their victory.

12. A relative pronoun must agree with its antecedent gender, number an person. For example:

It is I who is to blame.

Solved Example

1. Fill in the blanks appropriately.

(a) Neither you nor your friends………………passed the examination and it is really

shameful.

(b) None of the conspiracy…………….succeeded and this is really great.

(c) All of the food……………..been consumed.

Ans.. (a) have (b)has (c)has

Questions for Practice

1.Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate answer.

(a) Her friends as well as Rama…………..studying for last one Hour.

(b) Each of you…………………responsible for the tragedy.

(c) Your cousin and friend…………..come.

2. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate answer.

(a) None of the plans…………. succeeded.

(b) Some of these books…………really in bad position.

(c) Some of the water…………. Finished.

3. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate answer.

(a) Most of the money……………spent.

(b) ………………there any food left?

(c) All of it………………been eaten.

4. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate answer.

(a) Bread and butter……………..her favorite breakfast.

(b) Bread and butter……………very costly nowadays.

(c) Twenty kilos of flour……………..insufficient for such a large family.

Please click the link below to download CBSE Class 10 English Assignment - Non Finites

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