NEW KINGS AND KINGDOMS
I. FILL IN THE BLANKS:
1. Rashtrakutas were subordinate to the _____________________ of Karnataka.
2. Two, most frequently mentioned taxes during Chola period were ___________, in the form of forced labor and __________________, the land revenue.
3. The officials for collecting revenue were generally recruited from __________________ families and positions were _____________________.
4. Unlike the writers of Prashastis ,________________________ was often critical about rulers and their policies.
5. Many rulers described their achievements in _______________________.
6. Kings often rewarded Brahmanas by grants of ______________________.
7. Many of the achievements of the Cholas were made possible through new developments in _______________________
8. Rajaraja’s son, ________________________ developed a powerful navy for his expeditions to Sri Lanka and countries of Southeast Asia.
9. The Chola _________________became the nuclei of settlements which grew around them.
10. Each Brahmadeya was looked after by an assembly or _______________ of prominent brahmana landholders.
11. The grants of land rewarded to the Brahmanas were recorded on ________________ plates.
12. Chola _________________ images are considered amongst the finest in the world.
13. The _____________ Empire, in China was administered by a bureaucracy recruited through an examination, which was open to all who wished to appear for it.
II. NAME THE FOLLOWING:
1. They were expected to bring gifts for their kings or lords, be present at their courts and provide them with military support. ____________________
2. A Rashtrakuta Chief who overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a ritual of Hiranya-garbha.__________________________
3. Lord of three worlds. _________________
4. The three parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”._________________________________________
5. He wrote a long poem in Sanskrit, containing the history of kings who ruled over Kashmir in the twelfth century. __________________________
6. This Afghan ruler raided the Indian subcontinent almost every year, targeting the wealthy temples such as Somnath temple in Gujarat._________________________
7. The author of Kitab ul –Hind .__________________
8. A ritual which led to the ‘rebirth’ of the sacrificer as a kshatriya, even if he was not one by birth.______________________________
9. The best known Chahamana ruler, who defeated an Afghan ruler named Muhammad Ghori in 1191.__________________________________
10. He built the town of Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini . _____________________
11. The most powerful Chola ruler._______________________
12. Land gifted to Brahmanas. ____________________
III. MATCH THE FOLLOWING:
A B Response
1. Ur a. Group of villages 1.
2. Sabha b. Associations of traders 2.
3. Nadu c. Settlement of Peasants 3.
4. Brahmadeya d. Assembly 4.
5. Nagaram e. Land gifted to Brahmans 5.
IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING IN TWO POINTS:
1. Who were the samanthas?
2. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
3. What is meant by ‘Tripartite Struggle’?
4. What are Prashastis?
5. Who was Mahmud of Ghazni ? Why did he raid the Indian subcontinent?
6. What term was used for land grants given to brahmanas in Chola period? How these land grants were recorded?
V. ANSWER IN FOUR POINTS:
1. How did large scale cultivation develop in Chola period?
2. What were the activities associated with the Chola temples?
3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a sabha in the Chola Empire?
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