NEW KINGS AND KINGDOMS
I NAME THE FOLLOWING:
a) They were expected to bring gifts for their kings or lords, be present at their courts and provide them with military support. ________________
b) Tax free land gifted to Brahmanas by the King : ________________
c) The Rashtrakuta Chief who overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a ritual of Hiranya-garbha :_________________________
d) Lord of three worlds. _____________________________
e) He wrote a long poem in Sanskrit, containing the history of kings who ruled over Kashmir in the twelfth century. _________________________
f) He raided the temple towns of India 17 times and used this wealth to beautify his capital city :___________________________
g) The author of Kitabul –Hind .:_______________________
h) A ritual which led to the ‘rebirth’ of the sacrificer as a kshatriya, even if he was not one by birth:_________________________
i) The best known Chahamana ruler, who defeated an Afghan ruler Muhammad Ghori in 1191:_______________________
j) He built the town of Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini :______________________________
k) He was the first known ruler in Indian history to adopt the title of Sultan:_________________________
l) Settlements of peasants during the Chola Period:_______________
m) The most powerful Chola ruler:_______________________
II FILL IN THE BLANKS:
a) The three parties involved in the “tripartite struggle” were the _________________,__________________and_______________
b) _________________ contain details of the achievements of the rulers and tell us how the rulers wanted to depict themselves as valiant ruler, victorious warriors etc.
c) The Chola_________________ became the nuclei of settlements which grew around them.
d) Two most frequently mentioned taxes during Chola period were, ____________, in the form of forced labour and _________________ the land revenue.
e) Chola____________ images are considered amongst the finest in then world.
f) Each Brahmadeya was looked after by an assembly or _________________ of prominent brahmana landholders
g) As samantas gained power and wealth, they declared themselves to be________________ and ______________________
h) Rashtrakutas were subordinate to the ___________________ of Karnataka.
i) Many of the achievements of the Cholas were made possible through new developments in _________________________
j) Rajaraja’s son, __________________________developed a powerful navy for his expeditions to _____________________and countries of Southeast Asia
III ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN 2 POINTS:
1 Who were Samantas?
2 How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
3 Why did theSamanta Kings in the Medieval period perform hiranya-garbha sacrifice?
4 What is meant by ‘Tripartite Struggle’?
5 Why did many kingdoms and dynasties fought to gain control over the city of Kannauj?
6 Who was Mahmud of Ghazni? Why did he raid the Indian subcontinent?
IV ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN 4 POINTS:
7. Write a Short note on Chola Temples
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