CBSE Class 8 Social Science Structure of Colonial Administration in India Notes

Scroll down for PDF

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Structure of Colonial Administration in India Notes. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

STRUCTURE OF COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION IN INDIA

Initially British in India had come as traders and gradually acquired new territories in India started collecting Land revenues. In order to consolidate British rule in India, it formulated some policies. The main objective of all British policy was to generate more & more profits and not public welfare.

The Regulating Act of 1773 :
*The company servants had made huge profits from the land revenues of Bengal, Bihar & Orissa.
*Every official had gathered huge wealth & returned to England where they were called Nabobs because of their luxurious style of living & spending where as poor people of India were being drained of wealth even the East India company had become Bankrupt.
* The company servants begged for a loan of $ 10,00,000 from Britain Parliament while their employees were living in an utter luxurious life.
* Inorder & control corruption & keep vigil on the company's affairs, the regulating Act was passed.

The main Provisions of Regulating act 1773 :

*The Governor of Bengal was made the Governor General of British India. [Warren Hasting become the first Governor General of Bengal.
*The Governor General was to be assisted by a council of 4 members & had to accept the decisions taken by the majority members councils.
*The Governor General supervised the Governors of Bombay & Madras presidencies. For the administration of justice a Supreme Court was set up at Calcutta.

Result : The regulating act failed to regulate the activities of the East India Company as the powers of the Governor General & council more not defined properly.

The Pitts India Act of 1784
* It is by British Prime Minister William Pitt, the younger, Pitts India Act was introduced to remove the defects of Regulating Act.
*This Act was passed to enhance British Parliaments Control over India.

The main Provisions of the Act were :-
1. The political & Commercial functions of the company were seperated.
2. The Board of Directors was to only look after the commercial activities of the company.
3. The Board of Control was created to control and supervise, direct & control the political affairs of the company.
4. The Board of Control was to consist of 6 members. They were to be appointed by king & were to hold office during his pleasure.
5. They were the secretary for finance the secretary of state for India & Four Privy Councillor of State of India.
6. The Board of Control appointed the Governor General.
7. The Governor General had to take permission from the Board of Control before entering into any treaty or declaring war against Native King.
Thus there was dual governence in the country which continue till 1958.

The Charter Acts :
* The charter acts were passed after every 20 years which defined the role of the company.

1. The Charter Act of 1813 : According to this act ;
* Monopoly of the company over the Indian trade was abolished.
* The Indian trade was open to all English people excepting tea in which the company was allowed to retain its monopoly.
* The company was asked to spend 1 lac rupees on education in India.

2. The Charter Act of 1833 :
* It empowered the Governor General in council to have full authority over the civil & Military affairs of the company's territories in India.
*This act ended the company's monopoly in tea trade in India.
* The Governor of Bengal was made the Governor General of India & Presidencies of Bombay, Madras & Calcutta came under his control.

3. The Charter Act of 1853 :
* This act drastically cut down the powers of the company.
* This act allowed the company to rule over Indian territories but only in the name crown.

class_8_social_concept_08

* To Consolidate British rule in India, to maintain law and order, the British created 3 main pillars.

Civil service :
(i) Lord Cornwallis was the founder of civil service in India.
(ii) The civil servants paid very handsome salary.
(iii) This Prestigious job & high salaries attracted the Young Men of British Families.
(iv) Initially only British families were given jobs civil servants, Indians were not allowed to enter civil service.
(v) In fact in 1793, a rule was made that no Indian would be eligible for post above $ 500.
(vi) The Charter act of 1853 introduced a system of open competition through exams.
(vii) The civil service exams were not held in India. They were held in England.

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Structure of Colonial Administration in India Notes.


Click on the text For more study material for Social Science please click here - Social Science

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Guidelines On Reducing Weight Of School Bags

GUIDELINES ON REDUCING WEIGHT OF SCHOOL BAGS In this competitive world, where students are giving their best, an unnoticed threat rides on our back. Heavy School Bags are a serious yet unresolved threat to the health and wellbeing of the young ones. The medium of their...

Extension of dates by CBSE for Single Girl Child Merit (SGC) scholarship

CBSE has announced to extend dates for SGC scholarship. Previously the dates to submit the SGC scholarship form were 18 October 2019. Now dates have shifted. For online submission, the last date is 31st October. Whereas date for submission of hard copies of renewal...

Tips for exam preparation

Students often get nervous during their exams. The reason behind this nervousness is either a lack of confidence or a lack of preparedness. To overcome these fears students are advised to do their preparation in such a way that will retain their confidence. For this...

CBSE to conduct a voluntary test for class 11th and 12th

Nowadays students have the liberty to choose the field they seem to fit in. A few years back the problem was parents who burdened children with their own choices. On the other side, now students along with their parent's support are free to choose their field. Not any...

CBSE examination board hike the fee for class 10th and 12th

The CBSE (Central Board Secondary Education) increased the examination fees for classes 10 and 12 of the 2020 boards, with no profit no loss principle, from Rs. 750 to Rs 1500, for all categories of students, including SC/ST candidates for all schools throughout India...

Error in the evaluation of answer sheets in CBSE

The education board has witnessed many events where invigilators are being suspended for allotting wrong marks to the students.  This has affected students mainly of classes X and XII in the 2019 CBSE Board Exams. The central board of secondary education has taken...

×
Studies Today