CBSE Class 8 Social Science Man Made Disaster Notes

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Man Made Disaster Notes Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.



• Fire : Fire is an event of something burning and is often destructive taking up the toll of life and property.
• Accident : Accident is an event in which vehicles strike each other and cause damage to people and themselves.
• Terrorist Attack : The deliberate vicious acts of mass murder against people by carrying out suicide attacks, shooting massacres bombings etc., are called terrorist attacks.
• Epidemic : An epidemic is defined as  the occurrence of an illness or other health related event that is unusually large and unexpected.
• Terrorism : Deliberate vicious acts of mass murder of the innocent people by carrying out suicide attacks, shooting massacres and bombings are termed as terrorism.
• Outbreak of an Epidemic : Occurrence of cases of a particular disease in excess of the expected is termed as outbreak of an epidemic.


• Man-Made Disasters
*Besides natural disasters there are several other disasters which are made/create. Ex. rail, road or air accidents are man-made disasters.
*The threat of serious disasters looms large from the possible use of distructive weapons like nuclear bombs and atom bomb.
— These weapons are commonly called Weapons of mass Destruction (WMD).
— They lead to the breakdown and collapse of social, political and economic systems sustaining communities.
— Agriculture and food production are major casualties of these disasters.
* Man-made disasters cost the most in terms of human suffering, loss of life and long term damage to a country's economy and productiveness of the people. Now we discuss various man-made disaster:
WMD (Weapons of Mass distruction)
* Weapons of Mass Destruction are broadly classified into three categories. They are nuclear, biological and chemical.


• Definition
Fire is an event of something burning and is often distraction taking up a toll of life and property.

• Observation about the Extent of Fires :
* There are several natural and man-made disasters :
Natural : Earthquakes, landslides, floods and cyclones.
Man-made : Fires, chemical, biological, industrial and nuclear disasters.
* Their toll is very much.
* More people die in fires than in cyclones, earthquakes, floods and all other natural disasters combined.

• Causes of Fires :
There are numerous causes of fires as enumerated below :
1. Heating sources often cause fire. Ex. Space heaters, electric heaters and fireplaces.
2. Cooking accidents cause home fires and cause us a lot of concern. Ex. (a) unattended cooking (b) mechanical failure of the stove (c) any other cooking equipment.
3. (a) Over loaded electrical wiring cause fire. (b) Overheating of electrical appliances, poor wiring connections, use of unauthorized appliances and multi
point adaptors are common which cause fire.
4. Accumulated rubbish and Waste materials easily contribute to the spread of fire.
5. Combustible Materials like packing materials, glues, solvents, flammable liquids or gases stored in work place are extremely dangerous.
6. Hazardous materials like paints, solvents, adhesive, chemicals and gas cylinders generally prove a source of ignition.
7. Arson and Deliberate Fire Setting is also a cause.
8. Smoking is also a major cause of fuel.
9. Striking of electrical wires with each other also cause fuel.
10. Inapt handling of inflammables causes havoc.

• Safety Measures for Fire Prevention in Home :
1. Remember basic fuel safety rules and keep your evacuation route in mind.
2. Don't keep highly flammable liquids in the house.
3. Install fire extinguisher in your house and learn to use it.
4. Teach everyone in the house to use fire extinguisher.
5. Make sure to shut off all electrical and gas appliances when going out of the house.
6. Don't plug several devices into one socket.
7. Keep away matches from children and do not allow anyone to smoke inside the house.
8. Keep the routes clear from cupboards or any furniture.
9. Try to know the cause of the fire and take necessary actions.
10. In the event of a fire make telephonic call to the fuel department, provide them with your address and the nature and location of the fuel.

• Other Measures :
1. In the corridors filled with smoke, crawl on all fours (two feet and two arms) or on your bally as there is less effect of smoke on or near the floor.
2. Do not use water to extinguish fire if it has been caused by electrical defect use fire extinguishers and sand buckets.


• Road Accidents :
8 Road network has increased manifold during the recent days.
8 With increase in road network road accidents have seen a sharp rise.
8 The main causes of road accidents are :
(1) Violation of traffic regulations,
(2) Speeding,
(3) drunk driving and
(4) poor maintenance of the vehicle and the roads. A of these reasons add to rise in accidents and road fatalities.

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Man Made Disaster Notes.



Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Social Science Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Boards Answer Sheet Evaluation Class 10 and Class 12

HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, through a video conference with all the education ministers of the state, discussed the further steps to be taken to smoothen the education process during the Covid-19 lockdown. The most important topic which was discussed repeatedly on...

Board Exams helpline by CBSE

According to the recent announcement of CBSE, the pending Class 10 and 12 Board exams are going to be held from 01 July to 15 July 2020 in India. Along with this, it has also been decided to resume the free of cost tele-counseling service for students from 9.30 am to 5...

Board Cancelled Official CBSE Statement

Keeping in view the requests received from various State Governments and the changed circumstances as on date, following has been decided- 1. Examinations for classes X and XII which were scheduled from 1st July to 15th, 2020 stand cancelled. 2. Assessment of the...

Art Integrated Project work for classes 1 to 10

CBSE Board has decided to introduce Art-Integrated Project work for classes I to X to promote Art-Integrated Learning in schools to make teaching learning Competency-Based and joyful. As part of this, at least one Art-Integrated Project in each subject shall be taken...

Class 12 Board Exams Datesheet Announced

CBSE has announced the datesheet of the remaining class 12 board exams, see below:  

CBSE Decision on Board Exam 2020

The Class 10 and 12 exams are cancelled, and results for both 10th and 12th would be declared by July 15 based on internal exams. CBSE Class 12 students would have the option to appear for the exams at a later date. CBSE has a scheme in which marks scored in past 3...

Studies Today