CBSE Class 8 Civics - Women Caste and Reform. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
WOMEN CASTE AND REFORM
Q1. What was the condition of women in the earlier days?
· Women were married at an early age.
· Women were forced to burn themselves on the funeral pyre of their husbands. Woman who died in this manner, whether willing or otherwise, were called sati” meaning virtuous women.
· Women’s right to property were also restricted.
· Women had virtually no access to education. In many parts of the country people believed that if a woman was educated, she would become a widow.
Q2. Describe the social conditions in the earlier times.
· Brahmans and Kshatriyas considered themselves as “upper castes”.
· Other such as traders and moneylenders (often referred to as Vaishya’s) were placed after them.
· Then came peasants and artisans such as weavers and potters (referred to as shards).
· At the lowest sung were those who labored to keep cities and villages clean or worked at jobs that upper castes considered “polluting”, that is it could lead to the loss of caste status.
· The upper castes also treated many of these groups at the bottom as “untouchable”.
Q3. Describe the contribution of the following towards the upliftment of women.
1. Raja Ram Mohan Roy: -
· He founded a reform association known as the Brahmo Sabha (later known as the Brahmo same) in Calcutta. People such as Ram Mohan Roy are described as reformers because that change was necessary in society, and unjust practices needed to be done away with. They thought that the best way to ensure such changes was by persuading people to give up old practices and adopt a new way of life.
· He wrote about the way woman were forced to bear the burden of domestic work, confined to the home and the kitchen, and not allowed to move out and become educated.
· He tried to show through his writings that the practice of widow burning had no sanction in ancients’ texts. Due to his efforts the evil practice of sati was banned in 1829 by the British.
2. Ishwarchandra Vidyanagar:-
· One of the most famous social reformers.
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