CBSE Class 8 Civics - When People Rebel. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinat.
WHEN PEOPLE REBEL
Q1. What is a rebellion?
Ans. It is an organized revolt against established authority when people are unsatisfied.
Q2. Why is the revolt of 1857 known as the first war of independence?
Ans. The revolt of 1857 is known as the first was of independence as before this war, no one was so united in battles. But in this battle many social groups of the country came together to fight it like Nawabs, rajas, zamindaris, peasants all came together to fight this battle. Such kind of battle was not expected.
Q3. Why is the revolt known as sepoy mutiny?
Ans. In this revolt, all the sepoys marched to the British’s buildings, houses, police station and burnt them. They killed the British. The main role in these needs was of sepoys. Therefore, the Revolt 1857 is also called sepoy mutiny. Sepoy means soldiers and muting means ‘March’.
Q4. Describe the causes of Revolt of 1857.
The cause of the Revolt of 1857 are:-
1. Political Cause (Nawabs lose their power)
· Since the mid – eighteenth century, nawabs and rajas had seen their authority and honors.
· Residents had been stationed in many courts, the freedom of the rulers reduced, their armed forces disbanded, and their revenues and territories were taken away by stages.
· Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the company to protect their interests.
Ex: - Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi wanted the company to recognize her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom after the death of her husband. Nana sahib, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, pleaded that he be given his father’s pension when he later died. However, the company, confident of its superiority and military power, turned down these please.
2. Economic Cause
· In the countryside peasants and zamindaris resented the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. Many failed to pay back their loans to the moneylenders and gradually lost the lands they had tilled for generations.
· Some of the new rules, moreover, violated their religious sensibilities and beliefs.
· Sepoys also reacted to what was happening in the countryside. Many of them were peasants and had families living in the villages. So the anger of the peasants quickly spread among the sepoys.
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