CBSE Class 8 Civics - Judiciary. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
Ques1) What is referred to as the supreme law of the land?
Ans) Constitution is referred to as the supreme law of the land.
Ques2) Which is the highest court of appeal in our country?
Ans) Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in our country.
Ques3) why do we need judicial system in our country?
Ans) The need for judicial system in our country because:
· To enforce this rule of law, we have a judicial system that consists of the mechanism of courts that a citizen can approach when a law is violated.
· As an organ of the State, the judiciary plays a crucial role in the functioning of India’s democracy.
Ques4) Describe the functions of the judiciary.
Dispute Resolution: The judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between citizens, between citizens and the government, between two state governments and between the center and state governments.
Judicial Review: As the final interpreter of the Constitution, the judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it believes that these are a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution. This is called judicial review.
Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights: Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme Court or the High Court if they believe that their Fundamental Rights have been violated.
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