# CBSE Class 10 Physics Magnetic Effects of Electric Current Assignment

Question : The phenomenon of electromagnetic induction is
a. the process of rotating a coil at an electric motor
b. the process of charging a body
c. the process of generating magnetic field due to a current passing through a coil
d. producing induced current in a coil due to relative motion between a magnet and the coil
Explanation: When a straight coil and a magnet are moved relative to each other, a current is induced in the coil. This phenomenon is known as electromagnetic induction.

Question : Match the following with correct response. a. 1-C, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A
b. 1-D, 2-A, 3-C, 4-B
c. 1-A, 2-C, 3-B, 4-D
d. 1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C
Explanation:
i. The direction of induced current in a straight conductor is given by Fleming’s right hand rule.
ii. It states that if we stretch the thumb, forefinger and the middle finger of right hand at right angles to one another in such a way that the forefinger points in the direction of magnetic field.
iii. Then, thumb gives the direction of motion of conductor (force), forefinger indicates direction of magnetic field and the middle finger points the direction of induced current.
iv. The direction of force which acts on the current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field is given by Fleming’s left hand rule. It states that if the forefinger, thumb and middle finger of left hand are stretched mutually perpendicular and the forefinger points along the direction of external magnetic field, middle finger indicates the direction of current, then thumb points along the direction of force acting on the conductor.
v. Electromagnetic induction is the process of generating electric current with a magnetic field. It occurs whenever a magnetic field and an electric conductor, such as a coil of wire, move relative to one another.
vi. High powered electrical appliances are connected to the earth by Earthing wire.

Question : The fuse wire should have
a. Low resistance, High melting point
b. Low resistance, Low melting point
c. High resistance, High melting point
d. High resistance, Low melting point
Explanation: A fuse wire has high resistance and low melting point so that it will melt if a current of large magnitude passes through the wire.

Question : Identify the poles of a magnet in the figure. Answer :  The poles of a magnet are marked in the figure as we know that out side magnet field lines moves N S and inside the Magnet field lines moves S→ N . Question : Identify the region, where the magnetic field around a current carrying solenoid is uniform.
Answer :    The magnetic field is uniform inside the magnet.

Question : Compare the permanent magnet and an electromagnet. Question : A circular metallic loop is kept above the wire AB as shown below: What is the direction of induced current produced in the loop, if the current flowing in the straight wire
i. is steady, i.e. does not vary?
ii. is increasing in magnitude?
i. The constant current flowing in the straight wire produces a constant magnetic field. Hence, no induced current is produced in the loop.
ii. Since current in the straight wire is changing, hence, induced current will be produced in clockwise direction.

Question : Draw an appropriate schematic diagram showing common domestic circuits and discuss the importance of fuse. Why is it that a burnt out fuse should be replaced by another fuse of identical rating? A fuse in a circuit prevents damage to the appliances and the circuit due to overloading. Otherwise, the appliances or the circuit may be damaged.
When current in the circuit exceeds the value of fuse rating, the fuse wire burns due to overloading. This causes a gap in the circuit and the current stops flowing in the circuit.
This is done due to the reason so that the circuit or the appliances to be connected in the circuit continue functioning without any damage in future.

Question : Why does a compass needle get deflected when brought near a bar magnet?
Answer : The compass needle is a small magnet. When the compass needle is brought close to a bar magnet, the magnetic field lines of the compass needle interact with the magnetic field lines of bar magnet which causes the compass needle to deflect.

Question : Draw magnetic field lines around a bar magnet.
Answer : Magnetic field lines of a bar magnet emerge from the North Pole and terminate at the South Pole as shown in the figure below. Question : List the properties of magnetic field lines.
The properties of magnetic field lines are as follows:
Magnetic field lines do not intersect with each other.
They emerge from the North Pole and terminate at the South Pole.
Inside the magnet, the direction of the field lines is from South Pole to North Pole.

Question : Why don’t two magnetic field lines intersect each other?
Answer : If two magnetic field lines intersect then at the point of intersection the compass needle shows two different direction which is not possible hence they do not intersect with each other.

Question : Consider a circular loop of wire lying in the plane of the table. Let the current pass through the loop clockwise. Apply the right-hand rule to find out the direction of the magnetic field inside and outside the loop.
Answer : For the downward direction of the current, the direction of the magnetic field will be as if emerging from the table outside the loop and merging the table inside the loop. Similarly, for current flowing in the upward direction, the direction of the magnetic field will as if they are emerging from the table outside the loop and merging to the table inside the loop as shown in the figure. Question : The magnetic field in a given region is uniform. Draw a diagram to represent it. Question : Choose the correct option.
The magnetic field inside a long straight solenoid-carrying current is zero.
decreases as we move towards its end. increases as we move towards its end. is the same at all points.
d. is the same at all points The magnetic field inside a long straight current carrying solenoid is uniform therefore it is same at all points.

Question : Which of the following property of a proton can change while it moves freely in a magnetic field? (There may be more than one correct answer.)
Mass
Speed
Velocity
Momentum
(c) and (d)
When a proton enters the region of magnetic field, it experiences magnetic force. Due to which the path of the proton becomes circular. As a result, the velocity and the momentum change.

Question : In Activity 13.7, how do we think the displacement of rod AB will be affected if (i) current in rod AB is increased; (ii) a stronger horse-shoe magnet is used; and (iii) length of the rod AB is increased? A current carrying conductor when placed in a magnetic field experiences force. The magnitude of this force will increase with the increase in the amount of current, length of conductor and the strength of the magnetic field. Hence, the strength of the magnetic force exerted on the rod AB and its displacement will increase if
The current in rod AB is increased Stronger horse shoe magnet is used When the length of the rod AB increases

Question : A positively-charged particle (alpha-particle) projected towards west is deflected towards north by a magnetic field. The direction of magnetic field is
A. towards south
B. towards east
C. downward
D. upward
The direction of the magnetic field can be determined using the Fleming’s Left hand rule. According to the rule, if we arrange our thumb, forefinger and the middle finger of the left hand right perpendicular to each other, then the thumb points towards the direction of the magnetic force, the middle finger the direction of current and the forefinger the direction of magnetic field. Since the direction of positively charged particle is towards west, the direction of the current will also be towards the west. The direction of the magnetic force is towards the north hence the direction of magnetic field will be upward according to Fleming’s Left hand rule.

Question : State Fleming’s left-hand rule.
Answer : Fleming’s Left hand rule states that if we arrange our thumb, forefinger and middle finger of the left hand right angles to each other, then the thumb points towards the direction of the magnetic force, the forefinger points towards the direction of magnetic field and the middle finger points towards the direction of current.

Question : What is the principle of an electric motor?
Answer : The working principle of electric motor is based on the magnetic effect of current. A current carrying conductor when placed in a magnetic field experiences force and rotates. The direction of the rotation of the conductor can be determined by Fleming’s Left hand rule.

Question : What is the role of split ring in an electric motor?
Answer : Split ring plays the role of commutator in an electric motor. The commutator reverses the direction of the current flowing through the coil after each half rotation of the coil. Due to this reversal of current, the coil continues to rotate in the same direction.

Question : Explain different ways to induce current in a coil.
Following are the different ways to induce current in a coil:
If the coil is moved rapidly between the two poles of horse shoe magnet, electric current is induced in the coil.
When a magnet is moved relative to the coil, an electric current is induced in the coil.

Question : State the principle of an electric generator.
Answer : Electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. In a generator, electricity is generated by rotating a coil in the magnetic field.

Question : Name some sources of direct current.
Answer : DC generator and cell are some sources of direct current.

Question : Which sources produce alternating current?
Answer : Power plants and AC generators are some of the sources that produce alternating current.

Question : Choose the correct option.
A rectangular coil of copper wires is rotated in a magnetic field. The direction of the induced current changes once in each two revolutions
one revolution
half revolution
one-fourth revolution
When a rectangular coil is rotated in magnetic field, the direction of the induced current changes once in half revolution. As result, the direction of the current in the coil remains the same.

Question : Name two safety measures commonly used in electric circuits and appliances.
The safety measured commonly used in electric circuits are as follows:
Fuse
Each circuit should be connected to a fuse because a fuse prevents the flow of excessive current through the circuit. When the current in the circuit exceeds the maximum limit of the fuse element, the fuse melts to stop the flow of current protecting the appliance connected to circuit.
Earthing
Earthing protects the user from electric shocks. Any leakage of current in an appliance is transferred to ground by earthing and the people using the appliance is prevented from getting electrocuted.

Question : An electric oven of 2 kW power rating is operated in a domestic electric circuit (220 V) that has a current rating of 5 A. What result do you expect? Explain.
The current drawn by the electric oven can be calculated using the formula
P = V × I
I = P/V
Substituting the values, we get
I = 2000 W/220 V = 9.09 A
The current drawn by the electric oven is 9.09 A which exceeds the safe limit of the circuit. This causes the fuse to melt and break the circuit.

Question : What precaution should be taken to avoid the overloading of domestic electric circuits?
A few of the precautions to be taken to avoid the overloading of domestic electric circuits are as follows:
Connecting too many devices to a single socket should be avoidedUsing too many appliances at the same time should be avoided Faulty appliances should not be connected to the circuit

Question : Draw a labelled diagram of an electric motor. Explain its principle and working. What is the function of a split ring in an electric motor?
An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy. It works on the principle of magnetic effect of current. The figure listed below shows a simple electric motor. When current is made to flow through the coil MNST by closing the switch, the coil starts to rotate in the anticlockwise direction. This is due to the downward force acting on the length MN and simultaneously an upward force acting along the length ST. As a result of which the coil rotates in the anticlockwise direction. Current in the length MN flows from M to N and the magnetic fields act from left to right normal to the length MN. According to Fleming’s Left Hand rule, a downward force acts along the length MN. Similarly, the current along the length ST flows from S to T and the magnetic field acts from left to right. Therefore, an upward force acts along the length ST. These two forces together cause the coil to rotate anti-clockwise. After half a rotation, the position of MN and ST interchange. The half ring C come in contact with brush B and the half ring D comes in contact with rush C. Hence the direction of current in the coil MNST gets reversed.

Question : Name some devices in which electric motors are used.
A few devices in which electric motors are used are:
Electric fans
Water pumps
Mixers
Washing machines

Question : A coil of insulated copper wire is connected to a galvanometer. What will happen if a bar magnet is (i) pushed into the coil, (ii) withdrawn from inside the coil, (iii) held stationary inside the coil?
(i) When a bar magnet is pushed into the coil, current is induced in the coil momentarily as a result the galvanometer deflects in a particular direction momentarily.
(ii) When the bar magnet is withdrawn from inside the coil, current is induced momentarily but in the opposite direction and the galvanometer deflects in the opposite direction momentarily.
(iii) When the bar magnet is held stationary inside the coil, no current will be induced as a result there will be no deflection in the galvanometer.

Question : Two circular coils A and B are placed closed to each other. If the current in the coil A is changed, will some current be induced in the coil B? Give reason.
When the current in coil A changes, the magnetic field associated with it also changes. As a result the magnetic field around coil B undergoes change. The change in the magnetic field of coil B induces current in it.

Question : State the rule to determine the direction of a (i) magnetic field produced around a straight conductor-carrying current, (ii) force experienced by a current-carrying straight conductor placed in a magnetic field which is perpendicular to it, and (iii) current induced in a coil due to its rotation in a magnetic field.
(i) The rule used to determine the direction of the magnetic field produced around a straight conductor-carrying current is the Maxwell’s right hand thumb rule.
(ii) The rule used to determine the force experienced by a current-carrying straight conductor placed in a magnetic field which is perpendicular to it is the Fleming’s left hand rule.
(iii) The rule used to determine the current induced in a coil due to its rotation in a magnetic field is the Fleming’s right-hand rule.

Question : Explain the underlying principle and working of an electric generator by drawing a labelled diagram. What is the function of brushes?
The electric generator coverts the mechanical energy into the electrical energy. The working principle of the electric generator is the electromagnetic induction. It generates electricity by rotating a coil in the magnetic field. The figure below shows the construction of a simple AC generator. In the diagram,
A and B are brushes,
C and D are slip rings
X is the axle
G is the galvanometer
When the axle X is rotated clockwise, MN moves upwards while ST moves downward. The movement of MN and ST in the magnetic field results in the production of electric current due to electromagnetic induction. MN moves upwards and the magnetic fields act from left to right. Therefore, according to Fleming’s right hand rule, the direction of the induced current will be from M to N along the length MN. Similarly, the direction of the induced current will be from S to T along the length ST. The direction of the current in the coil is MNST. Hence, galvanometer shows a deflection in a particular direction.
After half a rotation, length MN starts moving downwards while the length ST starts moving upwards. Now, the direction of the induced current reverses to TSNM. Since the direction of the induced current reverses every half rotation, the current induced is known as alternating current.
Function of Brushes
Brushes are kept pressed on to two slip rings separately. Outer ends of brushes are connected to the galvanometer. Thus, brushes help in transferring current from coil to the external circuit.

Question : When does an electric short circuit occur?