DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting

Read DK Goel Class 11 Accountancy Solutions for Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting below. These DK Goel Accountancy Class 11 solutions have been prepared based on the latest book for DK Goel Class 11 for the current academic year by expert accounts teachers at studiestoday.com. These DK Goel Class 11 Solutions help commerce students in class 11 understand accountancy and build a strong base in accounts. Students in Class 11 who study accountancy and use the DK Goel Accountancy book to understand concepts of Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting should understand the concepts and solve practice questions and exercises given at the end of the chapter. We have provided solutions for all questions and have also provided short notes for each problem. This will help Class 11 DK Goel Accountancy students to understand the questions properly. Refer to the solutions provided below prepared by CBSE NCERT teachers

Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting DK Goel Class 11 Solutions

Class 11 Accountancy students should read the following DK Goel Solutions for Class 11 Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting in Standard 11. All solutions provided below can be downloaded in Pdf and are available for free. This DK Goel Book for Grade 11 Accountancy will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks in Class 11 accountancy examinations. On our website www.studiestoday.com, we have provided solutions for all chapters given in the DK Goel Accountancy Book for Class 11.

DK Goel Solutions Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting Class 11 Accountancy

 

Question 1.

Solution  1 : Accounting is a process of identifying financial transactions, measuring them in money terms, recording them in primary books, classifying, summarizing, analysing, interpreting them and communicating the result to the users.

 

Question 2. 

Solution  2: The persons who borrow an amount to the business for the goods sold or the service provided to them on credit basis are called debtors, whereas, The person who is to be paid an amount by the business for purchasing from them goods or services on credit basis are called Creditors.

 

Question 3. 

Solution  3: A reduction granted by a supplier from the invoice price in consideration of immediate payment or payment with in a stipulated period. It is always recorded in the books of account.

 

Question 4. 

Solution  4:  The persons who borrow an amount to the business for the goods sold or the service provided to them on credit basis are called debtors, whereas, The person who is to be paid an amount by the business for purchasing from them goods or services on credit basis are called Creditors.

 

Question 5. 

Solution  5 : Profit or loss of a specific term determined by formulating by profit and loss account and trading account.

 

Question 6. 

Solution  6:  The final position of a firm established by the balance sheet.

 

Question 7. 

Solution  7:  The branch of commerce, which keeps a record of monetary transactions in a set of books, is Book-keeping.

 

Question 8. 

Solution  8:  Book Keeping is concerned with identifying financial transaction; measuring them in money terms; recording them in the books of accounts and classifying them, whereas, Accounting is concerned with summarizing the recorded transactions, interpreting them and communicating the results.

 

Question 9. 

Solution  9:  Financial statement is the end product of financial accounting. For Example profit and loss account and balance sheet.

 

Question 10. 

Solution  10:  The two users of accounting information are owners and Investors.

 

Question 11. 

Solution  11:  The internal users of accounting information are directors, partners, managers, and officers. People who are directly involved in managing team and operating the business are the internal users.

 

Question 12. 

Solution  12: The external users of accounting information are investors, government, creditors, employee, lenders, customers etc.. People who are indirectly involved in business are the external users.

 

Question 13. 

Solution  13:  A investor who invest their money in business for higher return. So, the natures of information required by investors are regarding risks and return on investment in the business.

 

Question 14. 

Solution  14:  The types of accounting information required by the long term lenders are Repaying capacity of the business, Profitability, Liquidity, Operational efficiency and Potential growth of business.

 

Question 15. 

Solution  15:  The management needed much information like sales record, costs, profitability etc. Management used these information for future planning of business, controlling and decision making. 

 

Question 16. 

Solution  16:  The two advantages of accounting are:-

1) It provides information which is useful to management for making economic decisions.

2) It provides information regarding financial position of the business.

 

Question 17. 

Solution  17:  It is historical in nature; it does not reflect the current worth of a business. Accounting ignores the effect of price level changes and may lead to window dressing.

 

Question 18. 

Solution  18:  Reliability and comparability are the two qualitative characteristics of accounting information.

 

Question 19. 

Solution  19:  Comparability is the qualitative characteristic of accounting that requires the use of common unit and format of reporting.

 

Question 20. 

Solution  20:  Reliability is the qualitative characteristic of accounting information denoted by this statement.

 

Question 21.  

Solution  21:  The two functions of accounting are:-

(i) Identifying the financial Transactions.

(ii) Recording in Book of Original Entry.

 

Question 22. 

Solution  22:  Recording of Financial transaction is the traditional function of accounting.

 

Question 23. 

Solution  23:  The characteristics of Accounting are:-

1) Identifying: Identification of accounting transection is the first step in accounting. Identify the financial events which are to be recorded in the books of accounts. It involves observing all business activities and selecting those events or transactions which can be considered as financial transactions.

2) Recording: A transaction will be recorded in the books of accounts only it is considered as an economic event and can be measured in terms of money. Once the economic events are identified and measured in economic terms they will be recorded in the books of accounts in monetary terms and in chronological order.

3) Classifying: Once the recording is done in a journal or subsidiary book, the transactions are then classified. Here classification means segregating one type of transaction in one place and separate accounts. The book in which each type of transaction is recorded according to its nature is known as Ledger.

4) Summarising: It is concerned with presentation of data and it begins with balance of ledger accounts and the preparation of trial balance with the help of such balances.

5) Communication: The main purpose of accounting is to communicate the financial information the users who analyse them as per their individual requirements. Providing financial information to its users is a regular process.

 

Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions:-

 

Question 1. 

Solution  1:  Recording of Financial transaction is the traditional function of accounting.

 

Question 2. 

Solution  2:  Maintain systematic records of financial transactions is the basic objective of book-keeping to maintain systematic records or to ascertain net results of operations of a financial transaction.

 

Question 3. 

Solution  3:  No, there are many objectives of accounting beside recording of financial transactions and preparing financial statements like ascertain the profit earned or loss incurred during a particular accounting period, ascertain the financial position of the business, provide useful accounting information, provide financial information to the management and prevent frauds by maintaining regular and systematic accounting records.

 

Question 4. 

Solution 4:  Recording of transactions is the first step of the accounting process.

 

Question 5. 

Solution 5 : Communicating to different users is the last step of the accounting process.

 

Question 6. 

Solution 6: No, this transaction can’t be recorded in the book of accounts. The appointment will not be recorded in the book of accounts because it has not resulted in any change in the financial position of the firm.

 

Question 7. 

Solution 7:  No, comparability of current year figures with that of the previous year is a qualitative characteristic of financial information. Discontinuation of this practice will result in discontinuation of a good practice being followed by the firm.

 

Question 8. 

Solution  8: The two examples of transactions that are not recorded in accounting are :-

(i) Appointed an Employee.

(ii) Value of human resources.

 

Question 9. 

Solution  9:  No, it is not recorded in the books only the as receiving of an order has not resulted in any change in the financial position of the firm.

 

Value Based Question(VBQ) Questions :-

 

Question 1. 

Solution 1: We can compare the current year performance with previous year performance by Giving the figures of the previous year along with the figures of the current year in financial statements.

 

Question 2. 

Solution  2: No, this transection of the proprietor is a personal transection. This transaction has not affects the financial position of the business. As Business Entity has separate existence from its owner. So, this transection not reflects in the books of accounts.

 

Question 3. 

Solution  3: The Explanatory notes classify the accounting information of financial statements. By the explanatory notes financial statements are more useful and understandable.

 

Question 4. 

Solution 4: No, this transaction can’t be recorded in the book of accounts. The appointment will not be recorded in the book of accounts because it has not resulted in any change in the financial position of the firm. It will be recorded when the salary is actually paid.

 

Question 5. 

Solution  5: Comparability is involved in adopting the same method of depreciation year after year. Comparability is only possible when a firm adopts the same method of depreciation year after year.

 

Question 6. 

Solution  6: Yes, it is financial transaction and recorded in the books of accounts. It will be treated as drawings of Miss. Priti.

 

Question 7. 

Solution  7: The various accounts can be control by false or manipulated figures to gives quality impression of final accounts. This method is known as window dressing. Accounting influenced by personal judgment for example it is hard to know the method of valuation of stock and making provision for doubtful debts. And it is too difficult to predict how the actual useful life of an asset which is needed for calculating depreciation.

 

Question 8. 

Solution  8: No, only the purchased goodwill can be recorded in the books of accounts. As per accounting standard 26 Intangible assets, self-generated goodwill is not recorded in the books of accounts because consideration in money or money’s worth has not been paid for it.

 

Question 9. 

Solution 9: No, accounts are maintained on the concept of historical cost concept or original cost. According to this Principle, an asset is recorded in the books of accounts at its original cost comprising of the cost of acquisition and all the expenditure incurred for making the assets ready to use.

 

Question 10. 

Solution 10: Question qualitative information’s are that information which cannot be expressed or calculated in term of money. Such as changes in management, the reputation of the business, cordial management-labour relations, firm’s ability to develop new products, the efficiency of management, a satisfaction of firm’s customers, etc.

 

Question 11. 

Solution  11: The various accounts can be control by false or manipulated figures to improve the appearance of the financial statements. This method is known as window dressing.

 

Question 12. 

Solution  12: No, only those transactions are recoded in books of accounts which are in monetary term and have financial characteristics. Loss due to strike of the employee is not related to financial transaction so; it is not recorded in the books of accounts.

 

Question 13. 

Solution  13: Understand ability characteristic of the accounting information is violated, if the accounting information is not clearly presented.

 

Question 14. 

Solution  14: It depicts the reliability characteristic of accounting information.

 

Question 15. 

Solution  15:  The values being violated in case of window dressing are. 

(i) Reliability – By not showing the true and fair view of the result of operations and financial position of the enterprises, management is not honest towards the users of financial statements.

(ii) Transparency – Business has violated the value of transparency.

 

Question 16. 

Solution  16: An ideal accountant is the one who is truthful and intelligent. He must ensure that all transactions are recorded in the books of accountants and should be recorded under the principals of accounting and concept of accounting. No one can influence him to change or hide certain facts in accounts to evade tax or any other purpose. So, a accountants should behave in an honest and shrewd manner.

 

Question 17. 

Solution 17: The accountant has violated the value of honesty and trust.

 

Question 18. 

Solution  18: Yes, it is a limitation of accounting because it contains only those information’s which can be expressed in terms of money. It ignores qualitative elements such as efficiency of management, quality of staff, customer’s satisfactions etc.

DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 1 Meaning and Objective of Accounting
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 Basic Accounting Terms
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 3 Accounting Principles
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 4 Process and Bases of Accounting
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 Accounting Standards and International Financial Reporting Standards
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 6 Accounting Equations
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 7 Double Entry System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 8 Origin of Transactions Source Documents of Accountancy
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 9 Books of Original Entry Journal
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 10 Accounting for Goods and Service Tax
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 11 Books of Original Entry Cash Book
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 12 Books of Original Entry Special Purpose Subsidiary Books
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 13 Ledger
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 14 Trial Balance and Errors
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 15 Bank Reconciliation Statement
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 16 Depreciation
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 17 Provision and Reserves
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 18 Bills of Exchange
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 19 Rectification of Errors
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 20 Capital and Revenue
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 21 Financial Statement
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 23 Accounts from Incomplete Records
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 24 Introduction to Computer
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 25 Introduction of Accounting Information System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 26 Computerised Accounting System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 27 Accounting Software Package Tally
TS Grewal Class 11 Solutions: Double Entry Book Keeping Financial Accounting
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 1 Introduction of Accounting
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 2 Basic Accounting Terms
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 3 Accounting Standards and IFRS
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 4 Bases of Accounting
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 5 Accounting Equation
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 6 Accounting Procedures Rules of Debit and Credit
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 7 Origin of Transactions Source Documents and Preparation of Voucher
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 8 Journal
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 9 Ledger
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 10 Special Purpose Books I Cash Book
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 11 Special Purpose Books II Other Book
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 12 Accounting of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 12 Bank Reconciliation Statement
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 13 Trial Balance
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 14 Depreciation
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 15 Provisions and Reserves
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 16 Accounting for Bills of Exchange
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 17 Rectification of Errors
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 18 Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 19 Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 20 Accounts from Incomplete Records Single Entry System
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 21 Computers in Accounting
TS Grewal Accountancy Class 11 Solution Chapter 22 Accounting Software Tally