DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction to Computer

Read DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction to Computer below, These solutions have been prepared based on the latest book for DK Goel Class 11 for current academic year. These solutions for DK Goel Accountancy Class 11 help commerce students understand the concepts of accountancy and build strong base in accounts. Refer to the solutions provided below prepared by CBSE NCERT teachers

Introduction to Computer DK Goel Class 11 Solutions

Class 11 Accountancy students should refer to the following DK Goel Solutions for Class 11 Chapter Introduction to Computer in standard 11. This DK Goel Book for Grade 11 Accountancy will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

DK Goel Class 11 Introduction to Computer

Short Answer Questions

Question 1. What is a computer? What are its important features?

Solution  1: A computer is an automatic electronic machine for performing calculations. But it cannot be defined merely a calculating machine because it is capable of answering the questions based on the data stored inside it.

Below are the some important features of computer:-

  1. A computer is an automatic machine:- Once the data and instructions are fed into a computer, it executes them one by one without human intervention.
  2. Memory or Storage:- The memory of a computer is so large that it can store any volume of information or data for being processed.
  3. High Speed:- Computer are known for their lightning speed of operations. The speed is so high that it is ordinarily expressed in microseconds (1micro second = 1/10,00,000 of one second) .
  4. Accuracy:- Computers are extremely accurate. Their operations are error-free and as such the information obtained from it is highly reliable.
 

Question 2. Give three features of a computer.

Solution  2: Below are the feature of a computer:-

  1. Diligence:- A man may feel mental and physical failure after long working hours but a computer never get tired like a human being. It can work continuously for many days at a time and never says “I am too tired to do any more work”. Moreover, it does not suffer from lack of concentration and can perform the job repetitive nature any number of times, it exactly the same way.
  2. Scientific approach:- A computer operates scientifically and never gets emotional while solving the problem.
  3. Versatile machine:- A computer is capable of performing a wide variety of jobs. It can switch over from one programme to another according to the instructions fed into it.
 

Question 3. What is the difference between a computer and a calculator?

Solution  3: A computer contains much more than a Calculator. A Calculator can work only with numbers whereas a computer can work both numbers and words. Another difference is that a calculator is not capable of storing the data, whereas a computer can store large volume of data in its memory and reproduce any part of it as and when needed.

 

Question 4. Explain the main parts of computer system with the help of a diagram.

Solution 4: The main parts of a computer system:-

  1. Keyboard:- The devices or components which are used to feed data and programmes into a computer are called ‘Input Devices’. Keyboard is one of such devices.
  2. Monitor:- A computer displays the results, reports or answers on a screen known as monitor or ‘output device’. Results are displayed on the screen in a language which can be easily read and understood by the users.
  3. Control Processing Unit or CPU:- This unit is the main and most important part of a computer which consists of a group of complex electronic circuits. CPU is the brain or decision making part of the computer which performs all the operating in accordance with the programme fed into the computer.
  4. Magnetic Recorder:- This unit permanently stores the data and information’s fed into a computer and is also known as memory unit. The memory of a computer may be of two types:-

(i) Volatile Memory

(ii) Non-Volatile Memory

 

Question 5. Give any three limitations of computer system.

Solution 5: Below are the limitations of computer system:-

1.) Lack of Decision-making:- Computers are only helpful in taking the decision while they cannot take decisions on their own. Decision-making is a complex process which requires a lot of understanding, information, intelligence and ability to decide.

2.) Lack of Intelligence Quotient:- Computer are mere machines with Zero IQ. Computer need to be programmed beforehand in order to become able to handle the situation.

3.) Lack of common-sense:- A computer system lacks in common-sense. A computer will keep on working as per its programming and fails to analyse the logical or illogical aspect of it.

 

Question 6. What is keyboard?

Solution  6: The devices or components which are used to feed data and programmes into a computer are called ‘Input Devices’. Keyboard is one of such devices. The data which we want to feed into a computer may be typed on the keyboard in binary language. The other input devices are punched cards, paper tapes, magnetic tapes, magnetic disc, floppy disc etc.

 

Question 7. Explain the magnetic recorder.

Solution  7: This unit permanently stores the data and information’s fed into a computer and is also known as memory unit. The memory of a computer may be of two types:-

(i) Volatile Memory:- It is only capable of storing the data temporarily. The data stored into it is automatically erased as soon as the power supply is cut off or fails.

(ii) Non-Volatile Memory:- It is capable of storing the data on a permanent basis. The data stored into it are not erased even if the power supply fails. But the main drawback of non-volatile memory is that data stored into it can only be read and not changed.

 

Question 8. What are the advantages of word processor?

Solution  8: Below are the advantages of word processor:-

1.) Instead of typing the full matter again, any word, line or paragraph previously typed can be changed, erased or shifted to new location.

2.) Printing facilities are also available in a word processor. We can obtain the error free printed copies of the matter and also without any sign of the rectification of an error.

3.) The matter once typed can be arranged in different formats, styles and also in a desired width of the page.

4.) The word processor also helps in checking the spelling of words. It contains a dictionary and automatically identifies the words in the typed matter that are not found in the dictionary.

 

Question 9. What is the use of Data Base Management?

Solution  9: It records all the useful and relevant information relating to a business at one centralised place. These data’s are usually stored on floppy discs and the Data base Management converts the data into useful information. Data may relate to the various activities of the business such as daily purchase and sales of goods, debtors collection, expenditure and income relating to various heads etc. 

 

Question 10. What type of software’s are available for accounting purpose?

Solution 10: Below are the software’s are available for accounting purpose:-

1.) General Ledger

2.) Accounts Receivable

3.) Accounts Payable

4.) Inventory Control

5.) Payroll Accounting

 

Question 11. Give any two distinctions between Hardware and Software.

Solution 11: Distinctions between Hardware and Software: -

 DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction to Computer-Q11

 

Question 12. What is the role of Computer in Accounting?

Solution  12: The computers have increased the efficiency of accounting department in many ways. The work which was previously done by hundreds of clerks is done by the computer very quickly and without a single error. Hence, the use of computers in accounting work is increasing day-by-day and very soon, it will be difficult to locate an accounting department in a medium-sized business enterprise which is not using a computer.

 

Question 13. Write Short Notes on:

(i) Hardware

(ii) Software

(iii) Applications of Computer in Accounting

Solution 13:

(i) Hardware:- All the computers of a computer discussed earlier are known as Hardware. Those include keyboard, monitor, C.P.U., magnetic recorder etc.

(ii) Software:- In order to solve a problem with the help of computer, a sequence of instructions written in a proper language will have to be fed into the computer. A set of such instructions is known as a “Program” and the set of programs is called Software. A computer machine can be used for various purposes only by a change of program. There are six types of software:-

(1) Operating System

(2) Utility Software

(3) Application Software

(4) System Software

(5) Language Processors

(6) Connectivity Software

(iii) Applications of computer in accounting:- The computers have increased the efficiency of accounting department in many ways. The work which was previously done by hundreds of clerks is done by the computer very quickly and without a single error. Hence, the use of computers in accounting work is increasing day-by-day and very soon, it will be difficult to locate an accounting department in a medium-sized business enterprise which is not using a computer.

 

Question 14. “A computer system is capable of performing many things.” Explain some of the capabilities of a computer system.

Solution  14: Below are the capabilities of computer system:-

  1. A computer is an automatic machine:- Once the data and instructions are fed into a computer, it executes them one by one without human intervention.
  2. Memory or Storage:- The memory of a computer is so large that it can store any volume of information or data for being processed.
  3. High Speed:- Computer are known for their lightning speed of operations. The speed is so high that it is ordinarily expressed in microseconds (1micro second = 1/10,00,000 of one second) .
  4. Accuracy:- Computers are extremely accurate. Their operations are error-free and as such the information obtained from it is highly reliable.
  5. Diligence:- A man may feel mental and physical failure after long working hours but a computer never get tired like a human being. It can work continuously for many days at a time and never says “I am too tired to do any more work”. Moreover, it does not suffer from lack of concentration and can perform the job repetitive nature any number of times, it exactly the same way.
  6. Scientific approach:- A computer operates scientifically and never gets emotional while solving the problem.
  7. Versatile machine:- A computer is capable of performing a wide variety of jobs. It can switch over from one programme to another according to the instructions fed into it.
 

Question 15. Differentiate between Operating Software and Application Software.

Solution  15:

 DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction to Computer-Q15


Very Short Answer Questions


Question 1. Give one feature of a Computer.

Solution 1: A computer is an automatic machine. Once the data and instructions are fed into a computer, it executes them one by one without human intervention.

 

Question 2. What is Binary System?

Solution 2: Computers do not use the decimal system but use a two-way system known as Binary System. Under this system the information stored in the computer are in two digits only. These two digits are 0 and 1.

 

Question 3. Give one difference between a computer and a calculator.

Solution  3: A computer contains much more than a Calculator. A Calculator can work only with numbers whereas a computer can work both numbers and words.

 

Question 4. Give the names of two languages used by a computer.

Solution 4:

(i) BASIC

(ii) COBOL

 

Question 5. Can a Computer take a decision?

Solution  5: Yes compute can take a decision, CPU is the brain or decision making part of the computer which performs all the operating in accordance with the programme fed into the computer.

 

Question 6. What is Hardware?

Solution  6: All the computers of a computer discussed earlier are known as Hardware. Those include keyboard, monitor, C.P.U., magnetic recorder etc.

 

Question 7. What is Software?

Solution 7:

In order to solve a problem with the help of computer, a sequence of instructions written in a proper language will have to be fed into the computer. A set of such instructions is known as a “Program” and the set of programs is called Software.

 

Question 8. Give two uses of Electronic Spread Sheet.

Solution 8:

(i) For Pay-roll accounting

(ii) For Recalculation if some values are changed

 

Question 9. Give any two elements of a computer system.

Solution  9: Below are the two elements of a computer system:-

1.) Hardware
2.) Software

 

Question 10. Name any two Application Software’s.

Solution 10: 

(i) Excel

(ii) Tally

 

Question 11. What is Humanware?

Solution  11: 

People, who design data, write programs to implement the data and who participate in operating the computer are known as Humanware.

Tags: 

 


Click for more Accountancy Study Material
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Ledger
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Computerised Accounting System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Double Entry System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Capital and Revenue
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Meaning and Objective of Accounting
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Trial Balance and Errors
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounting Software Package Tally
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Origin of Transactions Source Documents of Accountancy
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Financial Statement
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Basic Accounting Terms
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Bank Reconciliation Statement
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Original Entry Journal
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Financial Statements With Adjustments
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounting Principles
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Depreciation
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounting for Goods and Service Tax
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounts from Incomplete Records
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Process and Bases of Accounting
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Provision and Reserves
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Books of Original Entry Cash Book
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction to Computer
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounting Standards and International Financial Reporting Standards
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Bills of Exchange
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Books of Original Entry Special Purpose Subsidiary Books
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Introduction of Accounting Information System
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Accounting Equations
DK Goel Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Rectification of Errors

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Class 10 Revised Syllabus

Last year CBSE had to reduce the syllabus because of the pandemic situation but it was not very effective because there were no examinations. This year to avoid any confusion and conflict, CBSE has decided to reduce the syllabus into term 1 and term 2. 50 percent of...

CBSE OMR Sheet Guidelines for Term 1

You are aware that the CBSE will be using OMR for the first time for assessment of both the Classes-X and XII in Term-I examinations. Hence, there is a need that all the students appearing in the Term-l examinations and the schools sponsoring these students should have...

CBSE Reading Challenge

The acquisition of 21st century competencies of communication, critical and creative thinking and the ability to locate, understand and reflect on various kinds of information has become more crucial for our learners. It is well accepted that Reading Literacy is not...

×
Studies Today