Read **DK Goel Class 11 Accountancy Solutions for Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments** below. These DK Goel Accountancy Class 11 solutions have been prepared based on the latest book for DK Goel Class 11 for the current academic year by expert accounts teachers at studiestoday.com. These **DK Goel Class 11 Solutions** help commerce students in class 11 understand accountancy and build a strong base in accounts. Students in Class 11 who study accountancy and use the DK Goel Accountancy book to understand concepts of Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments should understand the concepts and solve practice questions and exercises given at the end of the chapter. We have provided solutions for all questions and have also provided short notes for each problem. This will help Class 11 DK Goel Accountancy students to understand the questions properly. Refer to the solutions provided below prepared by CBSE NCERT teachers

## Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments DK Goel Class 11 Solutions

Class 11 Accountancy students should read the following DK Goel Solutions for Class 11 Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments in Standard 11. All solutions provided below can be downloaded in Pdf and are available for free. This DK Goel Book for Grade 11 Accountancy will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks in Class 11 accountancy examinations. On our website www.studiestoday.com, we have provided solutions for all chapters given in the **DK Goel Accountancy Book for Class 11**.

### DK Goel Solutions Chapter 22 Financial Statements With Adjustments Class 11 Accountancy

**Short Answer Questions**

**Question 1.**

**Solution 1:** Necessity of doing adjustments:

- To ascertain the true net Profit or loss of the business.
- To ascertain the true financial position of the business.
- To make a record of the transaction omitted from the books.

**Question 2. **

**Solution 2: **The term provision should be used instead of reserve because the aim is not to strengthen the financial position of the business but to cover an expected future loss.

**Question 3.**

**Solution 3:**

These are the expenses which have been incurred during the year but have been left unpaid on the date of preparation of final accounts.

**Question 4.**

**Solution 4:**

- Accrued Income: It is quite common that certain items of income such as interest on securities, commission, rent etc., are earned during the current year but have not been actually received by the end of the current year. Such incomes are known as accrued income.
- Unearned Income: Certain income is received in the current year but the whole amount of it does not belong to the current year. Such portion of this income which belongs to the next year is known as unearned income.
- Provision for doubtful debts: such a provision is created at a fixed percentage on debtors every year and is called ‘provision for bad and doubtful debts’.

**Question 5. **

**Solution 5:**

1) Capital Expenditure: If benefit of expenditure is received for more than one year, it is called capital expenditure. Example: Purchase of Machinery.

2) Revenue Expenditure: It is the amount spent to purchase goods and services that are used during an accounting period is called revenue expenditure. For Example: Rent, interest, etc.

3) Deferred Revenue Expenditure: There are certain expenditures which are revenue in nature but benefit of which is derived over number of years. For Example: Huge Advertisement Expenditure.

**Question 6. **

**Solution 6:**

- Purchase of machinery.
- Expenditure on installation of machinery.

**Question 7. **

**Solution 7:**

1) Capital Expenditure: If benefit of expenditure is received for more than one year, it is called capital expenditure. Example: Purchase of Machinery.

2) Revenue Expenditure: It is the amount spent to purchase goods and services that are used during an accounting period is called revenue expenditure. For Example: Rent, interest, etc.

**Question 8. **

**Solution 8:**

- Assets
- of P & L A/c
- Assets
- of P & L A/c

**Question 9. **

**Solution 9:**

**Question 10. **

**Solution 10:**

**Practical Questions**

**Question 1. **

**Solution 1:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Building = Rs. 50,000 × 5%

Depreciation on Building = Rs. 2,500

Depreciation on Machinery = Rs. 20,000 × 10%

Depreciation on Machinery = Rs. 2,000

**Question 2. **

**Solution 2:**

**Working Note**:-

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Freehold Premises = Rs. 1,00,000 × 5%

Depreciation on Freehold Premises = Rs. 5,000

Depreciation on Office Furniture = Rs. 9,000 × 20%

Depreciation on Office Furniture = Rs. 1,800

**Calculation of Interest on Capital**:-

1,50,000 × 6% = Rs. 9,000

**Question 3. **

**Solution 3:**

**Working Note**:-

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Land & Building = Rs. 12,000 × 2.5%

Depreciation on Land & Building = Rs. 300

Depreciation on Motor Vehicles = Rs. 10,000 × 20%

Depreciation on Motor Vehicles = Rs. 2,000

**Calculation of Interest on Capital**:-

20,000 × 5% = Rs. 1,000

**Calculation of Drawings:-**

Rs. 5,000 + Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 9,000

**Question 4. **

**Solution 4:**

**Working Note**:-

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Furniture = Rs. 600 × 10%

Depreciation on Furniture = Rs. 60

**Question 5. **

**Solution 5:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Building = 7,500 × 5% = Rs. 375

Depreciation on Furniture = 640 × 10% = Rs. 64

Depreciation on Patents = Rs. 6,250 – Rs. 5,000 = Rs. 1,250

**Calculation of Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for Doubtful Debts = Sundry Debtors – Bad Debts on Furniture × Rate of Provision

Provision for Doubtful Debts = (3,800 – 100) × 5%

Provision for Doubtful Debts = 3,700 × 5%

Provision for Doubtful Debts = Rs. 185

**Question 6. **

**Solution 6:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Furniture = 20,000 × 15% = Rs. 3,000

Depreciation on Motor Car = 1,50,000 × 20% = Rs. 30,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision Doubtful Debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts × Rate

Provision Doubtful Debts = 82,000 – 2,000 × 5%

Provision Doubtful Debts = Rs. 4,000

**Question 7.**

**Solution 7:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision Doubtful Debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts × Rate

Provision Doubtful Debts = 1,02,000 – 2,000 × 5%

Provision Doubtful Debts = Rs. 5,000

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for Discount on Debtors = Debtors – Further Bad Debts – Provision for Doubtful Debts × Rate

Provision for Discount on Debtors = 1,02,000 – 2,000 – 5,000 × 2%

Provision for Discount on Debtors = Rs. 1,900

**Question 8. **

**Solution 8:**

**Working Note:-**

Adjustment Entry of Accrued Rent:-

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation on Building = Rs. 1,10,000 × 6% = Rs. 6,600

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Debtors – Further Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 82,000 – Rs. 1,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 81,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 4,050

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for Discount on Debtors = Debtors – Further Bad Debts – Provision for Doubtful Debts × Rate

Provision for Discount on Debtors = 82,000 – 1,000 – 4,050 × 2%

Provision for Discount on Debtors = Rs. 1,539

**Question 9. **

**Solution 9:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Outstanding Interest On bank loan:-**

Interest on Bank Loan = Rs. 5,000 × 12% = Rs. 600

Interest charged by bank = Rs. 450

Outstanding Interest = Rs. 600 – Rs. 450 = Rs. 150

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 10,500 × 10%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,050

**Question 10. (A) **

**Solution 10 ****(A)**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Drawings = **Rs. 58,100 + Rs. 2,800 = Rs. 60,900

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – further Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 2,30,000 – Rs. 30,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 10,000

**Question 10. (B) **

**Solution 10 (B):**

**Question 11.**

**Solution 11:**

**Question 12.**

**Solution 12:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of bad debts**

**Question 13. **

**Solution 13:**

**Question 14. **

**Solution 14:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 40,000 × 5% = Rs. 2,000

Depreciation of Furniture and Fixtures = Rs. 1,200 × 5% = Rs. 60

Depreciation on Loose tools = Rs. 3,000 × 15% = Rs. 450

**Calculation of Outstanding Rent:-**

Rent paid for 3 quarters = Rs. 2,700

Rent for a quarter = 2700/3 = Rs. 900

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 45,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,250

**Question 15. **

**Solution 15:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 40,000 × 5% = Rs. 2,000

Depreciation of Building = Rs. 12,000 × 10% = Rs. 1,200

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 54,300 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,715

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Provision for bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 54,300 – Rs. 2,715) × 3%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,548

**Question 16. **

**Solution 16:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Machinery = Rs. 9,340 × 10% = Rs. 934

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Provision for bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 6,280 – Rs. 160) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 306

**Question 17. (A) **

**Solution 17 ****(A):**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Land and Building = Rs. 2,80,000 × 2.5% = Rs. 7,000

Depreciation of Motor Vehicle = Rs. 50,000 × 20% = Rs. 10,000

**Calculation of Provision for Manager’s Commission:-**

Provision for Manager’s Commission = Rs. 2,08,900 – Rs. 62,600

Provision for Manager’s Commission = Rs. 1,46,300

Provision for Manager’s Commission = Rs. 1,46,300 × 10% = Rs. 13,300

**Question 17. ****(B) **

**Solution 17 ****(B):**

**Point of knowledge:-**

In the event of loss managers are not entitled to get and commission.

**Question 18.**

**Solution 18:**

**Capital Expenditure**

**Reason:** Purchases of machinery is a capital expenditure all expenses related to machinery on the purchasing date is treated as capital expenditure.

**Capital Expenditure**

**Reason:** Whitewashing on the new building will increase the revenue generating capacity of the building, thus, it will be capitalised and treated as capital expenditure.

**Revenue Expenditure**

**Reason:** Annual insurance premium is a recurring expenditure to carry on day-to-day business activities. Thus, it is a revenue expense.

**Capital Expenditure**

**Reason: **To enhance the working capacity of the assets if any expenditure is incurred once in a while, then it will be treated as capital expenditure. So, the expenses made on repairing of second hand machinery will be capitalised and treated as capital expenditure.

**Revenue Expenditure**

**Reason:** The expenditure on repairing of machinery will help to raise the working capacity of the machinery, so it is revenue expenditure.

**Capital Expenditure**

**Reason:**

To enhance the working capacity of the assets if any expenditure is incurred once in a while, then it will be treated as capital expenditure. So, the expenses made on air conditioner will be treated as capital expenditure.

**Question 19. **

**Solution 19:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Machinery = Rs. 14,400 + Rs. 600 × 5% = Rs. 750

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad debts – Amount recovered × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 30,000 – Rs. 500 - Rs. 500) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,450

**Question 20. **

**Solution 20:**

** **

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad debts – Amount recovered × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 4,80,000 – Rs. 15,000 - Rs. 5,000) × 6%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 27,600

**Question 21. **

**Solution 21:**

**Working Note:-**

Land and Building = Rs. 25,000 + Rs. 3,000 + Rs. 2,000 = Rs. 30,000

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Land and Building = Rs. 30,000 × 2.5% = Rs. 750

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 14,470 × 10% = Rs. 1,427

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 30,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,890

**Question 22. **

**Solution 22:**

** **

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Land and Building = Rs. 30,000 × 2.5% = Rs. 750

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 14,470 × 10% = Rs. 1,427

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors + Unrecorded sales × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 3,40,000 + Rs. 15,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 17,750

**Calculation of Outstanding Expenses:-**

Salaries for 10 months = Rs. 80,000

**Question 23. **

**Solution 23:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Land and Building = Rs. 40,000 × 10% = Rs. 4,000

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 5,000 × 5% = Rs. 250

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Sales on Approval × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 20,600 - Rs. 7,200) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 670

**Question 24. **

**Solution 24:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Machinery = Rs. 1,00,000 × 5% = Rs. 5,000

Depreciation of Furniture = Rs. 12,000 × 6% = Rs. 720

Depreciation of Furniture = Rs. 20,000 – Rs. 16,000 = Rs. 4,000

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 56,000 × 2%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,120

**Question 25. **

**Solution 25:**

**Question 26. **

**Solution 26:**

**Question 27. **

**Solution 27:**

**Question 28. **

**Solution 28:**

**Question 29.**

**Solution 29:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Machinery = Rs. 2,00,000 × 15% = Rs. 30,000

Depreciation of Motor Vehicle = Rs. 1,50,000 × 20% = Rs. 30,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 70,000 – Rs. 500) × 1%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 695

**Question 30. **

**Solution 30:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Building = Rs. 25,000 × 2.5% = Rs. 625

Depreciation of Building2 = Rs. 7,000 × 2% = Rs. 140

Depreciation of office furniture = Rs. 3,500 × 5% = Rs. 175

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 62,070 – Rs. 570) × 6%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 3,690

**Question 31. **

**Solution 31:**

**Working Note:-**

Calculation of drawings = Rs. 45,000 + Rs. 5,000 = Rs. 50,000

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Building = Rs. 3,00,000 × 5% = Rs. 15,000

Depreciation of Furniture = Rs. 80,000 × 10% = Rs. 8,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,50,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 12,500

**Question 32. **

**Solution 32:**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 80,000 – Rs. 2,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 3,900

**Question 33. **

**Solution 33:**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 18,200 – Rs. 200) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 900

**Question 34. **

**Solution 34:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Machinery = Rs. 20,000 × 5% = Rs. 1,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 1,000) × 6%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,910

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – future Bad debts – Pro. For Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 1,500 - Rs. 2,910) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,280

**Question 35. **

**Solution 35:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Plant = Rs. 60,000 × 10% = Rs. 6,000

Depreciation of Furniture = Rs. 15,000 × 20% = Rs. 3,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,00,000 × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 5,000

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Pro. For Bad debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 1,00,000 – Rs. 5,000) × 2%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 1,900

**Question 36. **

**Solution 36:**

**Working Note:-**

Calculation of Salaries & Wages = 1/4th × 40,000 = Rs. 10,000

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 73,800 – Rs. 800) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 7,300

**Question 37. **

**Solution 37:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Plant and Machinery = Rs. 3,80,000 × 10% = Rs. 38,000

Depreciation of Fixtures and Furniture = Rs. 12,000 × 20% = Rs. 2,400

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = (Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts) × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 58,000 – Rs. 2,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 2,800

**Question 38. **

**Solution 38:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Motor car = Rs. 2,00,000 × 20% = Rs. 40,000

Depreciation of Fixtures and Furniture = Rs. 8,000 × 10% = Rs. 800

**Question 39. **

**Solution 39:**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = (Sundry Debtors + Unrecorded – Further Bad Debts) × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 80,000 + Rs. 12,000 – Rs. 2,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 4,570

**Question 40. **

**Solution 40:**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for doubtful debts = (Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts) × Rate

Provision for doubtful debts = (Rs. 1,42,000 – Rs. 2,000) × 5%

Provision for doubtful debts = Rs. 7,000

**Question 41. **

**Solution 41:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Depreciation:-**

Depreciation of Premise = Rs. 2,00,000 × 5% = Rs. 10,000

Depreciation of Furniture = Rs. 40,000 × 20% = Rs. 8,000

Depreciation of Packing Machinery = Rs. 60,000 × 10% = Rs. 6,000

Depreciation of Tools = Rs. 15,000 –Rs. 12,000 = Rs. 3,000

**Calculation of Provision for Discount on Debtors:-**

Provision for Discount on Debtors = (Sundry Debtors – Further Bad Debts) × Rate

Provision for Discount on Debtors = (Rs. 80,000 + Rs. 1,500) × 2.5%

Provision for Discount on Debtors = Rs. 3,250

**Question 42.**

**Solution 42:**

**Working Note:-**

**Calculation of Provision for Doubtful Debts:-**

Provision for Doubtful Debts = Sundry Debtors × Rate

Provision for Doubtful Debts = Rs. 40,000 × 5% = Rs. 2,000

**Calculation of Manager’s Commission:-**

Manager’s Commission = Rs. 1,06,000 - Rs. 46,900

Manager’s Commission = Rs. 60,000 × 10% = Rs. 6,000

**Question 43.**

**Solution 43:**

**Calculation of Manager’s Commission:-**

Manager’s Commission = Rs. 50,150 - Rs. 48,350

Manager’s Commission = Rs. 1,800 × 10% = Rs. 180