CBSE Class XII History - Understanding Partition. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
POLITICS, MEMORIES, EXPERIENCES
Key concepts in nutshell
Sources – Incidents narrated by people.
Partition or holocaust (i) Communal riots (ii) refugee problem
The power of stereotypes – The stereotypes of the extra territorial and Pan Islamic loyalty confused with other objectionable ideas.
Why partition took place -
(i) Mr Jinnah’s two nation Theory
(ii) Hindu Muslim conflict
(iii) British policy of divide and rule
(iv) Communal electorates
Post war development –Muslim league emerged as sole representative of Indian Muslims in the provincial .
Cabinet mission proposal in 1946.
Direct action day by Muslim league in 1946
Gendering partition – women were raped, abducted and sold. Families were uprooted.
Preserving honor – where the men feared that their would be molested by the enemies, they killed their own women.
Sources : Oral testimonies – narrations, memories, diaries, family history and hand written accounts
Q.1 What do you mean by the term Holocaust? (2)
Ans. Holocaust means destruction or slaughter on a mass scale. Many scholors have used this term for loot, Arson, killings during the partition.
Q.2 What was Lucknow pact? (2)
Ans. The Lucknow pact of December 1916 was an understanding between the Congress and the Muslim league. The congress accepted separate electorates.
Q.3 What is Pakistan resolution?
Ans. In 1940 the League moved a resolution demanding a measure of autonomy for the muslim majority areas.
Q.4 What was the attitude of the Indian National Congress towards second world war? (2)
Ans. The Indian National Congress was ready to help Britain if they makes a clear declaration to free India after the second world war.
Q.5 What was the impact of separate electorates for Muslims on the communal politics?
Ans. i)The Muslims could elect their own representatives in reserved constituency. (2)
ii)They can favour the people belonging to their own religious groups.
Q.6 The partition of India was a holocaust. Justify? (5)
Ans. i) A large number of people were killed.
ii) Lakhs of people had became refugees.
iii) A large number of people were rendered homeless.
iv) There were killings, loots, arson and rape.
v) People lost their properties and all their assets.
Q.7 What are the merits and demands of Oral history? (5)
Ans.i) It helps us grasp experience and memories in detail.
ii) It enables historians to write richly textured, vivid accounts of events like partition.
iii) Oral history also allows historian to broaden the boundaries of their discipline.
iv) Many historians argue the uniqueness of personnel experience makes generalization difficult.
v) They think Oral accounts are concerned with tangential issues.
Q.8 Why Cabinet missions was sent to India? What were the main features of its plan? (10)
Ans. Cabinet mission was sent to India to suggest a solution for the Indian problem.
-The mission recommended a loose three of her confederation.
-India would have a federal government including princely states and provinces of British India.
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