CBSE Class XII History - Understanding Partition

Scroll down for PDF

CBSE Class XII History - Understanding Partition. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.




Key concepts in nutshell

Sources – Incidents narrated by people.

Partition or holocaust (i) Communal riots (ii) refugee problem

The power of stereotypes – The stereotypes of the extra territorial and Pan Islamic loyalty confused with other objectionable ideas.

Why partition took place -

(i) Mr Jinnah’s two nation Theory

(ii) Hindu Muslim conflict

(iii) British policy of divide and rule

(iv) Communal electorates

 Post war development –Muslim league emerged as sole representative of Indian Muslims in the provincial .

Cabinet mission proposal in 1946.

Direct action day by Muslim league in 1946

Gendering partition – women were raped, abducted and sold. Families were uprooted.

Preserving honor – where the men feared that their would be molested by the enemies, they killed their own women.

Sources : Oral testimonies – narrations, memories, diaries, family history and hand written accounts

Q.1 What do you mean by the term Holocaust? (2)

Ans. Holocaust means destruction or slaughter on a mass scale. Many scholors have used this term for loot, Arson, killings during the partition.

Q.2 What was Lucknow pact? (2)

Ans. The Lucknow pact of December 1916 was an understanding between the Congress and the Muslim league. The congress accepted separate electorates.

Q.3 What is Pakistan resolution?

 Ans. In 1940 the League moved a resolution demanding a measure of autonomy for the muslim majority areas.

Q.4 What was the attitude of the Indian National Congress towards second world war? (2)

Ans. The Indian National Congress was ready to help Britain if they makes a clear declaration to free India after the second world war.

Q.5 What was the impact of separate electorates for Muslims on the communal politics?

Ans. i)The Muslims could elect their own representatives in reserved constituency. (2)

ii)They can favour the people belonging to their own religious groups.

Q.6 The partition of India was a holocaust. Justify? (5)

Ans. i) A large number of people were killed.

ii) Lakhs of people had became refugees.

iii) A large number of people were rendered homeless.

iv) There were killings, loots, arson and rape.

v) People lost their properties and all their assets.

Q.7 What are the merits and demands of Oral history? (5)

Ans.i) It helps us grasp experience and memories in detail.

ii) It enables historians to write richly textured, vivid accounts of events like partition.

iii) Oral history also allows historian to broaden the boundaries of their discipline.

iv) Many historians argue the uniqueness of personnel experience makes generalization difficult.

v) They think Oral accounts are concerned with tangential issues.

Q.8 Why Cabinet missions was sent to India? What were the main features of its plan? (10)

Ans. Cabinet mission was sent to India to suggest a solution for the Indian problem.

-The mission recommended a loose three of her confederation.

-India would have a federal government including princely states and provinces of British India. 

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class XII History - Understanding Partition.


Click on the text For more study material for History please click here - History

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Error in the evaluation of answer sheets in CBSE

The education board has witnessed many events where invigilators are being suspended for allotting wrong marks to the students.  This has affected students mainly of classes X and XII in the 2019 CBSE Board Exams. The central board of secondary education has taken...

How to crack a competitive examination

“How I crack a competitive examination” is a frequently asked question by today’s students. Cracking a competitive exam is a challenging task. Attaining a huge amount of study and solving several complex problems in a limited amount of time is a huge task. Competitive...

CBSE to launch 'Tamanna' aptitude test

Introduction: The poor decisive condition of students to pursue their subject of interest has been an area of concern. To the ease of which CBSE is to launch ‘Tamanna’. An aptitude test in order to provide a line of guidance to students of class 9th and 10th. What is '...


Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE is to conduct the 10th and 12th Board Examination 2020 from February 15, 2020. Due to University Admissions, CBSE has shifted Board Exams dates from 1 March to February 15 from 2019. This year too CBSE would be making changes...

CBSE Board Introduces Experiential Learning for Student

CBSE Academic Session 2019-20: Board Introduces Experiential Learning for Student: The education sector has grown for some new changes. As per the latest updates the Central Board of Secondary Education has been good in making all the possible efforts to improve...

Seven Motivational tips for every student

If you’re are a student or a learner and you doesn’t feel like study then this article is going to be very important for you, Reading constantly and Staying motivated as a student is one of the most challenging tasks and barriers to educational success. Education is...

Studies Today