CBSE Class 12 History Rebels And The Raj Notes

CBSE Class XII History - Rebels and the Raj. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

THEME-11

REBELS AND THE RAJ

Key concepts in nutshell

• Rebels and the Raj – The revolt of 1857 and its representation Pattern of Rebellion - People from different walks of life plunged into the revolt – due to their hatred against the oppressive policies of the British Centres of the Revolt – Lucknow, Kanpur, Barrelly, Meerut, Arrah in Bihar.

• Leaders – Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, nana Saheb, Kunwar Singh, Bakt Khan, Begum Hazret Mehals, Tatya tope.

• Awadh revolt – direct annexation policy of Dalhousie – 1856. Hatred provoked – dispossessed taluqdars of Awadh , Injustice done to Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh embittered the people.

• Revolt of the sepoys : 1) Policy of social superiority of British

2) Interference in religious matters – greased cartridges issues.

• The vision of unity : 1) Hindu Muslim unity

2) Search for alternative powers

3) Rebels established parallel administration, in Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur after capturing centres of British power. Later they failed.

• British policy of repression.

• Repression – 1857 – North India was brought under strict law to prolonged attacked of British – one from Calcutta to North India, another from Punjab to recover Delhi, 27000 Muslims hanged.

• Image of the Revolt – Pictorial images produced by British and Indians – posters and cartoons.

• The performance of terror : 1) Execution of rebels

• Nationalist imageries: 1) Inspiration to nationalists Celebration as first war of Independence – leaders depicted as heroic figures. 

Very short Questions (02 marks each)

Q1. Which Governor-Genreral introduced the Subsidary Alliance ?Name the four major powers accepting it. 2

Ans. Subsidary alliance was introduced by Lord Wliesley. Hyderabad, Awadh, Mysore, Tanjore, Surat, etc were the four major powers who accepted it.

Q2. Which English lady defended herself bravely against the Indian rebels in Kanpur?

Ans. Miss Wheeler defended herself bravely against the Indian rebels in Kanpur. 2

Q3. Who was the last Nawab of Awadh? Where was he sent on Pension? 2

Ans. Wajid Ali Shah was last Nawab of Awadh. He was sent to Calcutta on pension.

Short Questions (05 marks each)

Q4. What were the policies and administrative causes of the Revolt of 1857? 5

Ans. (a) Imperialist policy of the British administrators.

(b) Doctrine of Lapse

(c) Abolition of pensions and Titles.

(d) Disrespect to the Mughal Emperor.

(e) Annexation of Awadh

(f)Misuse of Subsidiary alliance.

Q5. What were the causes of the failure of the 1857 Revolt? 5

Ans. (a) Breaking out before of the fixed date.

(b) Co-operation of the native states to the British.

(c) Lack of co-operation from the Elite.

(d) Limited resources of the Rebels.

(e)Absence of a common ideal.

(f) Diplomacy of the British.

Q6. Discuess the nature of revolt of 1857 5

Ans. (a) Only a Sepoy mutiny –  

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class XII History - Rebels and the Raj.

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more History Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Keep your kids engaged during Lockdown

Kids are the Future of our Country! Outlines have changed and so should the formats of existence! It is the best time to teach our kids the pleasure of Self-Discipline, Self-Realization and Self-Control. To keep the future generation safe in such unpredictable...

Revised SOP preventive measures followed while conducting examinations

Revised SOP on preventive measures to be followed while conducting examinations to contain spread of COVID-19 issued by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Examination centres are frequented by large number of students (as well as their parents) and staff till the...

Conduct of the practical work during the lockdown

CBSE has advised schools to follow the Alternative Calendar developed by NCERT to continue education during the lockdown through alternative modes to achieve learning outcomes. Schools have reportedly started using these calendars and other prescribed pedagogical...

×
Studies Today