CBSE Class 12 History Thinkers Belief And Buildings Notes

CBSE Class XII History - Thinkers Belief and Buildings. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

THEME -4

Thinkers Belief and Buildings

Culture Development

(600 BCE – 600 CE)

Key concepts in nutshell

• Buildings of sanchi Kannakkheda are the most wonderful ancient buildings in the state of Bhopal.

• Buddhist, Jaina and Brahamanical text, monument and inscription are the some of the important historical sources of the age of C 600 BCE-600CE.

•Many was provided by rulers of Bhopal, Shahjahan Begum and her successor Sultan Jahan Begum to preserved the ancient sites.

•The Rigveda is a collection of hymns, praise of many deities like Agni, Indra, Soma etc.

•The basic philosophy of Jainism already existed in north India even before the birth of vardhamana Mahaveera.

•Tha Bhuddha was the most influential teachers of his times.

•Two traditions were including in modern Hinduism – Vaishnavism and Shaivism.

QUESTIONS ANSWER 

Q1. Mention four places associated with the life of the Buddha. 2

Ans.1. Lumbini (birthplace of the Buddha)

2. Kapilvastu ( the Buddha was brought up here)

3. Bodh Gaya ( the Buddha attained enlightenment here)

4. Sarnath- (the Buddha delivered his first religious discourse here).

Q2. What do you mean by Tri –ratna? 2

Ans- According to Jainism, Moksha or salvation can be attained by observing Tri- ratna or three jewels. These are-

1. Right knowledge

2. Right faith

3. Right action.

Q3. Into how many categories the religious sects that originated during the 6th century B.C. can be divided? 2

Ans- The religious sects of the 6th century. B.C. can be divided into two categories:

1. The faiths which were openly against Vedic religion,

2. The faiths which did not oppose Vedic religion openly but propagated new principles venerating one or the other old divinity.

Q4. What do you mean by “Dharma Chakra Pravartana”? 2

Ans- Dharma Chakra Pravartana means ‘sitting in motion the wheel of Dharma’. The first religious discourse or sermon delivered by Mahatma Buddha after attaining enlightenment at Mrig dav or Deer Park of Sarnath near Varanasi , is known as ‘ Maha chakra Pravartana’.

Q5. Mention the various incarnations of Vishnu according to Vaishnavism. 2

Ans. According to Vaishnavism there are ten incarnations of Vishnu. These are: Matsya , Kurma, Varsha, Narsimha, Vamana, Parsurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki.

Q6. Mention the teachings of Mahatma Buddha? 5

Ans - According to Buddhist philosophy the world is transient ( anicca) and constantly changing it is also soulless (anatta) as there is nothing permanent or eternal in it. Within this transient world, sorrow is intrinsic to human existence. It is by following the path of moderation between severe penance and self indulgence that human beings can rise above these worldly troubles.The Buddha regarded the social world as the creation of humans rather than of divine origin. According to Buddhist tradition, his last words to his followers were: “Be lamps unto yourselves as all of you must work out your own liberation”.

Q7. What was the Budha Sangha? Discuss its characteristics. 5

Ans. 1. Budha founded organization of monks called “Sangha”.

2. These monks served as teachers of “Dhamma”. They believed a simple life.

3. They possessed only the essential things which were required for their survival.

4. Earlier only men were allowed to joined the ‘Sangha’, later on the women were allowed for admission to the Sangha.

5. All the members were regarded as equal in the Sangha.  

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