CBSE Class 12 History Bricks Beads And Bones Notes

Download CBSE Class 12 History Bricks Beads And Bones Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 12 History have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for History in Standard 12. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 12 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 12 History for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 12 History given our website

Bricks Beads And Bones Class 12 History Revision Notes

Class 12 History students should refer to the following concepts and notes for Bricks Beads And Bones in standard 12. These exam notes for Grade 12 History will be very useful for upcoming class tests and examinations and help you to score good marks

Bricks Beads And Bones Notes Class 12 History

 

THEME : 01

BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES

THE HARAPPAN CIVILISATION

Key conceps in nutshells

Period :- ( I ) Early Harappa culture – Before 2600 BCE

(II) Mature Harappa culture-2600BCE to 1900 BCE

( III ) Late Harappa culture- After 1900 BCE

Extent of Harappan civilisation :-

Northern boundary-Manda Southern Boundary-DaimabadEastern boundary- Alamgirpur Western boundary-Sutkagendor
Characteristics of the Harappan Civilisation :-

Two Sections :- ( I ) The Citadel

( II ) The Lower Town

•  Carefully planned drainage system.

•  At burials in Harappan sites the dead were generally laid in pits.

•  Seals and sealings were used to facilitate long distance communication.

•  Exchanges were regulated by a precise system of weignts, usually made of a stone called Chert and generally cubical, with no markings.

•  Some archaeologist are of the opinion that Harappan society had no rulers, whereas other archaeologist feel that there was no single ruler but several rulers.

• Several explanation for the decline of Harappan civilisation are Climatic changes, deforestation, excessive floods, the shifting and/or drying up of rivers.

Metals known :- Gold, Silver, Copper, Bronze.

Scripts :- The Harappan scripts are undeciphered. There are 375-400 signs. The script was written from right to left.

Craft :- The place Chanhudaro was totally involved for craft production. There were experts in bead makings, shell cutting, seal making, weight making. Lothal was also one of the important place for craft production.

Modes of Transportation :- Bullock carts and Boats. 

Q.1 List the raw materials required for craft production in the Harappan civilisation and discuss how these might have been obtained. (2)

Ans. The variety of materials used to make beads is remarkable: stones like carnelian (of a beautiful red colour), jasper, crystal, quartz and steatite; metals like copper, bronze and gold; and shell, faience and terracotta or burnt clay.

Two methods of procuring materials for craft production :-

1. They established settlements such as Nageshwar, Shortughai and Balakot.

2. They might have sent expeditions to areas such as the Khetri region of Rajasthan (for Copper) and south India (for gold).

Q.2 “Our knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization is poorer than that of the other Civilizations”. Explain it by your arguments? (2)

Ans. Yes, our knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization is poorer than that of the other because of the following reasons:-

· The script of that age has hitherto not been deciphered.

· The easy method behind seeking knowledge about other Civilizations such as that of Egypt, Mesopatamia, China etc. was the deciphering of their scripts. Scripts is that sole basis through which we can gather through knowledge about the art, literature, customs, dresses, function and religion etc. of any Civilizations

Q.3 What were the confusions in the mind of Cunningham while studying Harappan civilization ? (2)

Ans. · He used the accounts left by Chinese Buddhist pilgrims who had visited the subcontinent between the fourth and seventh centuries CE.

· He thought that Indian history began with the first cities in the Ganga valley.

· In fact, Cunningham’s main interest was in the archaeology of the Early Historic (c. sixth century BCE-fourth century CE) and later periods.

Q.4 What were the differences in the techniques adopted by Marshall and Wheeler in studying Harappan civilization ? (2)
Ans. · Marshall tended to excavate along regular horizontal units, measured uniformly throughout the mound, ignoring the stratigraphy of the site.
 

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CBSE Class 12 History Study Material In Hindi Part A
CBSE Class 12 History Study Material In Hindi Part B
CBSE Class 12 History Study Material In Hindi Part C
Theme I Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation
CBSE Class 12 History Bricks Beads And Bones Notes
CBSE Class 12 History Themes in Indian History Notes
Theme I Chapter 2 Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and Economies
CBSE Class 12 History Kings Farmers And Towns Notes
Theme I Chapter 3 Kinship, Caste and Class Early Societies
CBSE Class 12 History Kinship Caste And Class In Early Societies Notes
Theme I Chapter 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural Developments
CBSE Class 12 History Thinkers Belief And Buildings Notes
Theme II Chapter 5 Through the Eyes of Travellers Perceptions of Society
CBSE Class 12 History Through The Eyes Of Travelers Notes
Theme II Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts
CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Notes
Theme II Chapter 7 An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara
CBSE Class 12 History An Imperial Capital Vijaynagar Empire Notes
Theme II Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire
CBSE Class 12 History Peasant Zamindars And State Notes
Theme II Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts
CBSE Class 12 History Kings And Chronicles Notes
Theme III Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives
CBSE Class 12 History Colonialism And The Countryside Notes
Theme III Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
CBSE Class 12 History Rebels And The Raj Notes
Theme III Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CBSE Class 12 History Colonial Cities Notes
Theme III Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CBSE Class 12 History Mahatma Gandhi And The Nationalist Movement Notes
Theme III Chapter 14 Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, Experiences
CBSE Class 12 History Understanding Partition Notes
Theme III Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New Era
CBSE Class 12 History Framing The Constitution Notes

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