CBSE Class 10 Social Science Work Life and Leisure Important Questions

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Que.No.1: Which city is known as the city of dream and also Mayapuri?           

Ans:- Mumbai

 

Que.No.2:  Who was jobber?           

Ans:- Jobber employed the people in mills as a worker.

 

Que.No.3:  Who developed the principle of Garden city?      

Ans:- The architect of Garden city was Ebenezer Howard.

 

Que.No.4:  The film Raja Harishchandra was made by whom?                

Ans:-  Dada SahebPhalke.

 

Que.No.5:  Which was the first Indian city to get smoke nuisance?                 

Ans:-  Kolkata

 

Que.No.6:  Where was the first underground railway was built?                      

Ans:-  London

 

Que.No.7:  Which Act kept children away from industrial work?                      

Ans:-  a. Elementry education Act in 1870

          b. Factory Act from 1902

 

Que.No.8:  What were Chartism and ten hour movement?                                          

Ans:- Chartism was a movement demanding the vote for on adult males. The ten hour movement  limited the work hour in factory.

 

Que.No.9:  How is Bombay depicted in the earliest filmy song?                  

Ans:-  In the film CID (1956) – Ai dilhaimushkiljinnayahan.

In the  Guest house (1959) – jiskajutausikasar, Dilhaichhota, barasahar, Are vahreivahteri Bombay.

 

Que.No.10:  Who wrote the novel ‘The Gods visit earth’?          

Ans:-  Durgacharan ray (1880)

 

Que.No.11:  Who was Baron Hassmann?                                 

Ans:-  The Chief architect of the New Paris .

 

Que.No.12:  Who lived in specious bungalow in Bombay?               

Ans:-  Richer parsi, muslims, upper caste traders and industrialist

 

Que.No.13:  Name the presidency cities of British India.                  

Ans:- The Bombay (Mumbai), Bengal, and Madras (Chennai).

 

Que.No.14:  Describe any three steps to clean London during the nineteenth century.

Ans:-       i.       To make the open spaces green, reduce pollution and land escaped the city     

             ii.      Large blocks apartments were built    

             iii.      The idea of green belt around London was offered

 

Que.No.15:  Describe any three sources of entertainment and leisure of people of London.

Ans:-   i. Cultural events such as opera, theater and classical music  Libraries, art galleries and museums

          ii.  Music halls- for lower classes

               iii.  Spent their holidays by the sea, to enjoy the sun and the bracing wind.

 

Que.No.16:  Throw some light on some land reclamation projects of Mumbai.       

Ans:- To prevent the flooding of the low line areas the great sea wall was constructed by the order of governor  William Hornby .

Several plans were formulated by both the government and private companies for the reclamation of more land from the sea.

Reclamation often meant leveling of the heels around Mumbai.

 

Que.No.17:  Write the role of Jobber in chawls.    

Ans:-  To settle dispute Organize food supply and arranged informal credit Brought important information on political development.

 

Que.No.18:  How did Charles Dickenes in his novel’s Dombey and son depict the massive destruction in the process of construction of underground railway? 

Ans:-  London was a city of clerks and shopkeeper and small masters  and skilled artisans, of soldiers and servents, casual labourers, street seller and beggars.

Houses were knocked down streets broken through and stopped, deep pit and trenches were dug in the ground enormous heaps of earth and clay thrown up there were hundred thousands shapes and substances of incompleteness, widely mingled out their plans.

 

Que.No.19:  Explain the causes of air pollution in Calcutta in the 19th century and early 20th century which.  

Ans:- City  was built on marshy land, the resulting fog combined with smoke and generated a thick black smog.

Huge population that use dung and wood as fuel

Industry in establishment that use in esteem engine run on coal

Rice mill of Tollygunj began to burn rice husk instead of coal

 

Que.No.20:  Why well off Londoners supported to need to build housing form for the poor in the 19th century?  

Ans:-  The city dwellers demanded the slums cleared away. This concern by shown due to following reasons

  1. One room houses occupied by the poors were seen as a serious threat the public health they were overcrowded badly ventilated and lacked sanitation
  2. Worried about the fire hazards due to poor housing
  3. Wide spread fear of social disorder

 

Que.No.21:  How did the city development occurs at the cost of ecology and environment?

Ans:- Large quantities of refuse and waste products for polluted the air and water while excessive noise became a feature of urban life.

Hundreds of factories chimneys released black smoke into the skies Shopkeepers, home owners and others complaint about the black fog that descended on their towns causing bad tempers, smoke related illness and dirty clothes.

 

Que.No.22:  Describe in brief the development of Bombay as the prime city of India.          

Ans:-  In 7th century Bombay as a group of seven island under Portuguese .In 1661 the control of island passed in British after the development marriage relationship .The East  India company quickly shifted its base from Surat to Bombay Large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium passes through this port. It became the important administrative centers in India and 19th century a major industrial centre.

 

Que.No.23: How did crime grow in London ?How were authorities able to control them? 

Ans:    About 20000 criminals in the 1870s

  • Police were worried about the law and order
  • Criminal was counted and their activities  were watched and their ways life was investigated
  • Henry Mathew wrote several articles on London lab our and criminals
  • There were cheats and tricksters , pickpocketers and pitty thieves
  • In an attempt to discipline the population the authorities imposed high penalties for crime and offered work to the deserving poor


Que.No.24: Describe the life of Chawls of Bombay.   

 Ans:     Chawls were multistoried structures built owned by private landlords

  • Chawls were divided into smaller one room tenements
  • Many families reside at a time  in a tenement
  • Windows of their rooms have to close even in humid weather due to proximity of of gutters and buffalo stables
  • Water was scarce and people often quarrelled  every morning for a turn at the tap

 

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