CBSE Class 10 Social Science Nationalist movement in Indo China Important Questions

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1 Marks Questions

 

QUE.NO.1. Which countries does Indo-China comprise?

Ans. Indo-China comprise the modern countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.

 

QUE.NO.2. Name the founder of revolutionary society?

Ans. Phan Boi Chau.

 

QUE.NO.3. What was ‘go east movement’?

Ans. It was popular movement of the first decade of the twentieth century in which some 300 Vietnamese students went to Japan to acQue.No.uire modern education.

 

QUE.NO.4. Name the founder of Indo-Chinese Communist party.

Ans. Ho Chi Minh.

 

QUE.NO.5. When did Vietnam gain formal independence?

Ans. In 1945.

 

QUE.NO.6. Which were the major religions of Indo-China?

Ans. Buddhism and Confucianism.

 

QUE.NO.7. Name the founder of Hoa Hoa movement?

Ans. Huynh Phu So.

 

QUE.NO.8. Who was Bao Dai?

Ans. Bao Dai was a puppet king. He became emperor of South Vietnam after the Geneva Conference.

 

QUE.NO.9. Name the first president of the Vietnamese Democratic Republic.

Ans. Ho Chi Minh.

 

QUE.NO.10. What does NLF stand for?

Ans. National Liberation Front.

 

3 Marks Questions.

 

QUE.NO.1. Describe the influence of China on Vietnamese culture and life.

Ans.    (a) Vietnam initially was under shadow of China.

           (b) Even after independence Vietnam followed Chinese culture and form of government.

          (c) Chinese was the language of the elite and Confucianism and was followed by a majority of   Vietnamese. The Vietnamese Scholar Phan Boi Chau was educated in Confucian tradition.

 

QUE.NO.2. Why did the people of Vietnam protest against the spread of Christianity?

Ans. (a) Vietnamese religious belief was based on superstitious whereas Christianity had a relatively more modern outlook.

        (b) The Vietnamese had strong belief in Buddhism and Confucianism.

        (c) They began to look down on Christianity as a danger to their religion.

 

QUE.NO.3. Explain any three condition of the contrast on the basis of which indentured labour worked.

Ans. Condition:

(a)    No right of laborers was specified.

(b)    Employer could bring criminal charges against the laborers.

(c)     Employer could punish and jail them.

 

QUE.NO.4. Explain any three steps taken by the French to achieve their aim to exploit the natural resources of Vietnam.

Ans. Colonies were considered essential to supply natural resources and other essential goods. So the French took following steps:

(a)    The French began building canals and drainage lands in the Mekong delta to increase cultivation.

(b)    Trans Indo-China rail network to link the northern and southern parts of Vietnam and China.

(c)     The second line was also built, linking Vietnam to Siam.

 

QUE.NO.5. Describe any three main features of the Tonkin Free School?

Ans.  (a) The Tonkin free School was started in 1907 to provide western style of education.

          (b) The education included classes in science, hygiene and French.

          (c) The school wants to introduce modernism and western custom.

          (d) The school encouraged the adaptation of western style such as having short haircut instead of  traditionally kept long hair.

 

QUE.NO.6. Explain any three impact of great Depression of 1930’s on Vietnam.

Ans. Impact of Great Depression on Vietnam:

(a)    The Great Depression of the 1930’s had a profound impact on Vietnam.

(b)    The prices of rubber and rice fell, leading to rising rural debts, unemployment and rural uprising, such as in the provinces of Nghea and Ha Tinh.

(c)     The French put these uprising down with great severity, even using planes to bomb demonstrators.

     

QUE.NO.7. Describe the various barriers to the economic growth in Vietnam.

Ans.  (a). High population levels

          (B). Low agricultural productivity

          (c).Extensive indebtness amongst the peasants

          (d).There was a necessity of land reforms

 

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