CBSE Class 10 Social Science Novels Society and History Important Questions

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1 Marks Questions


Que.No.1. Who is the author of the “Jungle book”?

Ans.-Rudyard Kipling

 

Que.No.2. Who wrote the novel “Oliver Twists”?

Ans.  Charles Dicken

 

Que.No.3. Who wrote Anandmath?

Ans. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

 

Que.No.4. Which was the first modern novel in Malayalam?

Ans. Indulekha

 

Que.No.5. Name any two novels for the young.

Ans.Treasure Island, and Jungle Book.

 

Que.No.6 Name any two novels written by MunshiPremchand.

Ans. Sewasadan and Godan

 

Que.No.7 Which was the earliest novel written in Marathi?

Ans. Yamuna Paryatan

 

Que.No.8 Who has written “Muktamala

Ans. LakshmanMoreshwarHalbes

 

Que.No.9 Who has written novel of Jane Austen?

Ans. Pride and Prejudice

 

Que.No.10 Which Novel written in Bengali in 1956 describes the community life of the fisher -folks in details?

Ans. TitasEkti Nadir Naam

 

3 Marks Questions 

Que.No.11. What were the advantages of vernacular Novels?

Ans-1. The language of the Common people

2. By coming closer to the different spoken Languages of the people

3. Novels bring together many cultures.

 

Que.No.12. What is the contribution of  Vaikkom Muhammad Basheer in the writing of novels?

Ans:-1.Basheer’s short Novels were written in ordianarylanguage.

2 .He also brought into Malayalam writing and themes which were considered very unusual at that time.

3 He spoke about   Poverty, Insanity and life in prison.

 

Que.No.13.What were the reasons for the popularity of novels among women?

Ans;- 1. A new Conception of womenhood.

2. Novels explored lives of women.

3. Because of printing machine novels were easily available.

 

Que.No. 14.  In what ways was the novel in colonial India useful for both the colonisers as well as the Nationalists?

I.COLONISERS

a.Colonial administrators found ‘vernacular’ novels a valuable source of information on native life and customs.

b. Novels were useful for them in governing Indian society with its large variety of Communities  and castes.

c. As outsiders, the British knew little about life inside Indian households. The new novels in Indian languages often had descriptions of domestic life.

 

II. NATIONALISTS

a.  Indians used the novel as a powerful medium to criticise what they considered defects in their society.

b.  Novels glorified past.

c.. Novels spread the ideas of  nationalists.

 

QueNo.15. What are the main features of Novel Sewasadan written by MunshiPremchand?Mention any three.

Ans:-  a.Sewasadan deals mainly with the poor condition of women in society.

          b.Child Marriage

          c.  Dowry System

5 Marks Questions

Que.No.16.  Mention some important reasons for the popularity of the novels.

Ans:- (i) Once the print culture emerged, novels were widely read and became very popular. Novels produced a number of common interests among the scattered and varied readers.
(ii) As the readers were drawn into the story and identified with the lives of fictitious characters they could think about issues such as relationship between love and marriage, the proper conduct of men and women and so on.
(iii) While reading a novel, the reader was transported to another person’s world and began to looking at life as it was experienced by the characters of the novel.
(iv)  Besides novels allowed the pleasure of reading in private as well as the joy of publicly discussing or reading stories with friends and relatives.
(v) Novels written in vernacular or spoken languages of the people were particularly popular because these were closer to the heart of the reader.

 

Que.No. 17. Explain the contribution of Premchand in Hindi Novels.

Ans:- (i) MunshiPremchand was one of the greatest literary figures of the modern Hindi and Urdu literature. It was with the writing of Premchand that the Hi ndi novel matured into greatness.
(ii) He began writing in Urdu, and then shifted to Hindi. Premchand drew on the traditional art of kissa-goi (story telling).
(iii) Before MunshiPremchand, the Hindi literature was confined to the tales, the stories of magical powers and other such escapist fantasies. His novel, Sewasadan (The Abode of Service), published in 1916, lifted the Hindi novel from the realm of fantasy. Sewasadan deals mainly with the poor condition of women in the society.
(iv) Premchand wrote on the realistic issues of the day, i.e., communalism, corruption, zamindari, debt, poverty, colonialism, etc.

 

Que.No. 18. Describe the development of novels in Bengal.

Ans:  1. 19th. Century the early Bengali Novels lived in two worlds-Historical events and Domestic  life.For example Bankim Chandra Chatterjee ,Sharat Chandra Chatterjee.

        2. . In the 19th century, the early Bengali novels lived in two worlds. Many of those novels were located in the past, their  character, events and love stories were based on historical events.
        3. Another group of novels depicted the domestic life in contemporary settings. Domestic novels frequently dealt with social problems and romantic relationships between men and women.
        4. Novels were read individually.  Sometimes , in a group also. The great Bangla novelist Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay would host a ‘jatra’ in the courtyard, where novels were read aloud among family members.
        5. The novel was also relished for its language. The prose style became a new object of enjoyment. They also used Mayeli, the language associated with women’s speech.

 

 

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