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Que.No.1: Where was the first successful textile mill established in India?
Ans : Mumbai
Que.No.2: Where was the first cement plant set up in India?
Ans. Chennai 1904
Que.No.3: Which city in India is one of the centres around which automobile industry is located?
Que.No.4: Which industry has been a major foreign exchange earner in the last few years?
Ans. IT sector
Que.No.5: Which air service provides services to ONGC in its off-shore operations?
Ans. Pawanhans Helicopters Ltd.
Que.No.6: Which steel plant is located in Chhattisgarh?
Ans. Bhilai steel plant
Que.No.7: On what basis are the small scale and large scale industries classified?
Ans. Capital Investment
Que.No.8: Why is least cost known as decision making factor for ideal location of an industry?
Ans. To earn maximum profit.
Que.No.9: What is manufacturing?
Ans. Production of goods after processing from raw material to more valuable products.
Que.No.10: Which industry is the largest industry in India today ,contributes the 14% of the total industrial production?
Ans. Cotton textile industry.
Que.No.11: “Agriculture and industry are complementary to each other ” Justify the statement.
Ans. i) Agriculture provides raw material for industries
ii) agriculture gets its basic input from the manufacturing.
iii)Industries help in the modernization of agriculture.
Que.No.12: Why did traditional cotton textile industry of India receive a set back during the colonial period?
Ans. i) At first traditional producers were controlled by foreign exporters.
ii)Indian markets were flooded with cheap foreign clothes made from British industries
iii) Indian weavers find it hard to find raw cotton.
Que.No.13: Classify the industries on the basis of ownership and give one example of each category.
Ans. i) Public sector
ii) Private sector
iii) Joint sector
iv) Cooperative sector
Que.No.14: Why does the north eastern part of peninsular plateau region have the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries ?
Ans. i) Large deposit of iron ore and coal is available here
ii)Water is available from reservoirs and rivers
iii) means of transport facilities are available here
Que.No.15: Mention any six factors responsible for the location of jute mills in the Hoogly basin.
Ans. (i) Proximity of the jute producing areas.
(ii) Inexpensive water transport, supported by a good network of railways and roadways.
(iii) Abundance of water for processing raw jute.
(iv) Availability of cheap labour from nearby areas.
(v) Kolkata port provides facilities for export of jute goods.
(vi) Kolkata as a large urban centre that provides banking, insurance and other commercial facilities
Que.No.16: Explain any three factors responsible for the location of cotton textile industry in Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
Ans. 1. Cheap labour
2.Water availability (dyeing etc.)
3. Power source
4.Good transportation system
Que.No.17: Mention any three objectives of National Jute Policy,2005.
Ans. In 2005, the government formulated the National Jute Policy with the objective of
ii. improving quality
iii. Ensuring good prices to jute farmers and enhancing the yield per hectare.
Que.No.18: Discuss the role of NTPC in paving the way to control environmental degradation.
Ans. National Thermal Power Corporation is a major power providing Corporation in India. It has ISO certification for Environment Management System (EMS) 14001. The NTPC has a proactive approach for preserving the natural environment and resources like water, oil, gas and fuels in places where it is setting up power plants. This is achieved through the following methods:
i. Optimum utilization of equipment adopting latest techniques and upgrading existing equipment.
ii. Minimizing waste generation by maximizing ash utilization.
iii. Providing green belts for nurturing ecological balances and encouraging afforestation.
iv. Reducing environmental pollution through ash pond management, ash water recycling system and liquid waste management.
v. Ecological monitoring reviews and online database management for all its power stations.
Que.No.19: In which region are most of the jute mills of India concentrated? Why? List any four challenges faced by this industry.
Ans. 1. West Bengal is the store house of jute. It produces the highest number of bales of jute fibre.
2. This industry requires a lot of water which is easily available from the Hugli River.
3. Iron and coal which are required for the installation and running of jute factories are also available from the nearby mines of Raniganj.
4. Cheap Labour is easily available because of incoming labour from the adjoining provinces of Bihar and Orissa.
The jute industry is facing challenges of stiff competition in the international market from synthetic substitute.
Que.No.20: Discuss the steps to be taken to minimise environmental degradation by industries.
Ans. 1. Industrial waste must be recycled as possible as maximum.
2. The solid waste of industries should not be thrown in running water. i.e.(River, lake)
3.Deforestation should be avoided as more and more trees are being are cut down to set up new industries.
4. Industries are now given a certain area which they cannot extend or use materials in excess from the environment.
Que.No.21: “Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand”. validate the statement.
Ans. The given statement is justified because:
(i) Industrialisation causes growth in available factory jobs. Thus, as employment rate increases it pulls people from various places and leads urbanisation.
(ii) People start moving towards cities for jobs and they gradually develop into urban centres. Sometimes industries are located in or near cities.
(iii) Cities provide markets and also provide services such as banking, insurance, transport, labour, consultants and financial advice, etc to the industry.
Thus, it can be concluded that industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand.
Que.No.22: Which factors are responsible for shifting of sugar mills to southern and western states? Mention two challenges faced by Sugar industry.
Ans. i) The yield per hectare of sugar cane is high in south India
ii) the sucrose content in sugarcane is high in southern India.
iii) the southern states have installed new mills where productivity is high and production cast is low.
iv) climatic conditions are ideal
v) the cooperative movements have helped to install new mills is this area.