CBSE Class 10 Social Science The Age of Industrialization Important Questions

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1 MARKS QUESTIONS:--

Que.No.1: When did East India company was established?

ANS. 1600

 

Que.No.2: When did the earliest factories come up in England?

(a) 1720        (b) 1730        (c) 1740        (d) 1750

ANS. 1730

 

Que.No.3: Who invented steam engine?

ANS. James watt

 

Que.No.4: Who designed spinning jenny and when?

ANS. James Hargreaves in 1764

 

Que.No.5: Whose image was used to popularized Baby product ?

ANS.  The image of Baby Krishna.

 

Que.No.6: Which was the first country to undergo Industrial Revolution?

ANS. Britain

 

Que.No.7: Who established the first jute mill in India in 1854?

ANS. Seth Hukum Chand in 1854

 

Que.No.8: When did the Elgin Mill start ?

ANS.  1860s.

 

Que.No.9: Who were the paid servants of the East India Company?

ANS. Gomastha

 

Que.No.10: What was the fly shuttle used for?

ANS. It was used for weaving

 

Que.No.11: What were trade guilds?

ANS. Trade guild were association of

(a)  Trained craft person and artists

(b)  Regulate the competition and price

(c)   Restricted the entry of new people in trade

 

3 MARKS QUESTIONS:--


Que.No.1: How did the East India Company procured regular supplies of cotton and silk textile from Indian weavers?

ANS.  (a) They appointed the paid supervisor called Gomastha

(b) supplies and examined cloth quality of the weavers

(c) Advance loan    

 

Que.No.2: Why did some industrialists in the 19th century Europe prefer hand labor to machines?

ANS.  (a) costly ,ineffective, difficult to repair and need too hug capital

(b) labour was available at low cost

(c) in  seasonal industries  only seasonal labour was required

 

Que.No.3:  What were the functions of a jobber?

ANS.  (a) he lured people from his village ensuring them jobs.

(b) he also help them settle in the city and lent the money in time of crisis

(c) slowly jobbers become person with authority and power

 

Que.No.4: How did Indian National Movement affect Indian entrepreneurs?

ANS.  (a) boycotted and burned by swadeshi activist

          (b) indigenous industrialist demand tariff protection and grants from govt.

 

Que.No.5: How did new inventions and technology help in setting of the factory concept?

ANS.  (a) New invention and technology increase the efficiency of each step of production process

(b) It enhanced the production output per worker

(c) It made production of stronger threads and yarn

 

Que.No.6: What were the advantages of cotton mill?

ANS.  (a) production process was carefully supervised and monitored

(b) Quality of production could be control

(c) Labour could be managed and supervised easily

Que.No.7: Why were merchants not able to expand productions within the towns of England?

ANS.  (a) Town or urban craft and trade guild were extremely powerful.

(b) the guild controlled the prices as will as manufacturing.

(c) they did not let any out sider trade and control local market without permission

 

Que.No.8: Describe any three problems of Indian weavers at the early 19th century. 

ANS.  (a) Shortage of raw material

(b) Clashes with gomastha

(c) System of advance

 

Que.No.9: `What was the result of first world war on Indian industries?

ANS.  (a) British mill busy with production of war material

(b) Indian mills got clearance to produce different articles for the home market

(c) The Indian factories were called supply war material as jute bags, cloth for uniform, leather boot

 

5 MARKS QUESTIONS:--


Que.No.1: Explain the main features of proto-industrialization.

ANS.  (a) production was not based on factories

            (b) large scale homemade production for international market

            (c) it proved alternative source of income

            (d) it helped in full use of their family labour resource

 

Que.No.2: How did the British market expand their goods in India?

ANS.  (a) they try to shape the mind of people and create new needs.

            (b) The labels were needs to make the place.

            (c) Image of Indian Gods on goods to being sold.

            (d) printing calendars to popularize their products.

 

Que.No.3:”The Industrial Revolution was a mixed Blessing”------Explain.

ANS.  (a) fulfill the demand of world population

        (b) only machine have made possible for the mankind to meet the primary necessities of foods, cloth  and shelter.

(c) machines have brought more leisure.

 

Que.No.4: How did industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

ANS.      (A) British mills becomes busy with war product

             (B) Indian factories had vast home market to supply goods.

             (C) Indian factories called upon to supply the war product as jute bags, cloths for army uniform ,Tents and leather boots.

             (D) New factories were set up and o0ld one run multiple stuffs.

             (E) After the war Manchester could not recapture its old position in India market


Que.No.5: State the reasons for increasing in production of cotton textile.

ANS.  (a) invention of 18th century  as cotton mill by Richard Arkwright.

          (b) Enhanced output per worker by machine like cotton mills.

          (c) Quality product with strong threads

          (e) Maintenance of mill made easier if located in one place

          (f) Efficient management due to regulation.

 

 

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