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Objective Type Question:
QUE.NO.1.Which Indian states have been given special status ?
Ans 1. Jammu & Kashmir.
QUE.NO.2.Who is the head of the Municipality ?
Ans 2. Mayor.
QUE.NO.3.Who has the power to legislate over ´Residuary´ subjects?
Ans 3. Union government.
QUE.NO.4. What are the examples of ‘coming together’ federation?
Ans 4. USA , Switzerland and Australia.
QUE.NO.5. The highest institution of Panchayati Raj is-
Ans 5. Zila Parishad.
QUE.NO.6. What are the examples of ‘Holding together’ federation?
Ans 6. India ,Belgium and Spain
QUE.NO.7. Who is the head of the Gram Panchyat ?
Ans 7. Sarpanch.
QUE.NO.8. Which level of government in India legislates on the residuary subject ?
Ans 8. In India’s federal system’ Union government has the power to legislate on residuary subjects.
QUE.NO.9. What is Federalism ?
Ans 9. Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
QUE.NO.10. Why have the subjects like defence , foreign affairs , banking , etc. been included in the Union List ?
Ans 10. Defence , foreign affairs , banking are included in the Union List because these subjects are of national importance.
Short Answer Questions :
QUE.NO.1.Distinguish between ‘coming together’ and ‘holding together’ type of federations.
Ans 1. Coming Together Federalism: Coming Together Federalism involves independent states,In this type units try to increase their security by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity,USA,Switzerland and Australia have Coming Together Federation.
Holding together federalism: In this system the large power to divide its power between the constituent state and national government,In this system there is the absence of pooling sovereignty and retaining identity,India ,Spain and Belgium are examples of Holding Together Federations.
QUE.NO.2. What does the concept of decentralisation signify ?
Ans 2. The concept of decentralisation mean to taken away the power from central and state government and given to local government.
QUE.NO.3.“Federal System has two or more sets of Government”. Justify the statement.
Ans 3. As federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between the union and provinces so, usually it has two levels of government:
One is the government for the entire country with the subjects of national importance.
The other government is at the level of provinces that looks after the matters of local importance.
QUE.NO.4. What do you understand by the three tiers system of Indian federation ?
Ans 4. 1. Union government or the central government,
2. The state government and
3. Panchayats(Rural level) and Municipalities(Urban level).
QUE.NO.5. Examine the holding together nature of Indian federation.
Ans 5. 1.States have not been given identical powers with union government.
2.Few states have been given special status in order to protect and preserve their costom, traditions, cultural, etc.
3. Apart from these some territories of India union by the union government they are known as Union Territories.
QUE.NO.6. In what ways has the local Government deepened our democracy ?
Ans 6. 1. Constitutional status for local government has helped to deepen democracy in our country.
2. The new system of local government is the largest experiment in democracy conducted anywhere in the world.
3. Seats are reserved in the elected bodies and the executive heads of these institutions for the SC,ST and OBC.
QUE.NO.7. ‘Judiciary plays an important role in Indian federalism.’ Justify the statement.
Ans 7. 1. Judiciary with the supreme court at the apex in the sole interpreter of Indian Constitution.
2. It plays a pivotal role in the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures.
3. The disputes about the division of power are settled by the Judiciary. Hence, judiciary is considered as the guardian of the Indian federalism.
PART - C
Long Answer Questions :
QUE.NO.1. Explain democratic policies adopted by Government of India which made it a successful federation.
Ans 1. 1. Linguistic States
2. Language Policy
3. Central – state Relations [points to be further explained ]
QUE.NO.2. State any differences between the local government before and after the Constitution amendment in 1992.
Ans 2. Local government before the Constitution amendment in 1992: Elections were not held regularly,local government did not have any power or resources of their own.
Local government after the Constitution amendment in 1992:It is constitutionally mandatory to held regular elections to local government bodies,the state government are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.
QUE.NO.3.Describe any five features of federal government.
Ans 3. 1.Two or more levels of government.
2. Constitutional status.
3. Independent judiciary.
4. Financial Autonomy.
5. Distribution of powers.
QUE.NO.4..Discuss the Constitutional Amendment of 1992 regarding the decentralisation of powers.
Ans 4. 1. To hold regular elections to the local government bodies has been made compulsory.
2. Reservation of seats for ST,SC and OBC in the elected bodies.
3. 33 % seats to be reserved for women.
4. To conduct election for the local government bodies,State Election Commission has been constituted.
5. The state governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.
QUE.NO.5. Critically examine the concept of Decentralisation in India.
Ans 5. 1.Our constitution recognised the decentralise power to the level of villages and towns.
2. Some time concept of decentralisation is not very much applied in all the states.
3. The local bodies are directly under the control of state governments.
4. The elections to these local bodies are not held regularly.
5. Local governments do not have any resources of their own, like Agriculture and commerce.