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Que.No.1: What does Black power mean?
Ans: Anti Racist movement started in Que.No.1966 in USA
Que.No.2: What is civil rights movement?
Ans: Reform movement aimed at abolishing legal racial discrimination led by Martin Luther King.
Que.No.3: Which university has recently installed the statue of Tommie Smith and John Karlos?
Ans: San Jose state university
Que.No.4: Name two types of social differences
Ans: Overlapping difference and cross cutting difference
Que.No.5: Who are African-American?
Ans : Afro-Amricans refer to descendents of the Africans who were Slaves.
Que.No.6: Who led Civil Right movement.
Ans: Martin Luther King
Que.No.1: Describe the consequence of Smith and Carlo’s reaction to the racial discrimination
Ans: a.Carlos and Smith held guilty of violating the Olympic spirit
b. Their medals were taken back
c. action help in gaining international attention for civil right movement
Que.No.2: Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social division.
Ans : 1. How people perceive their identities .
2. How political leaders raise the demands of any community.
3. How the government reacts to the demands.
Que.No.3: “Every social difference does not lead to social division”.Discuss
Ans . People belonging to different social groups share differences and similarities cutting across the boundaries .This kind of difference does not lead to social division.Examples – In Netherlands social class and Religion tend to cut across each other – this type of cross cutting differences do not produce division.
Que.No.4: When does a social different become social division.
Ans: a. When social difference over laps with other differences
b. that situation produce social divisions
c.examples: Blacks and whites in USA.
Que.No.1 Why is the combination of politics and social divisions considered to be very dangerous and explosive ? Explain.
Ans: a. Democracy involves competition among various political parties.
b. If people start competing in terms of some existing social divisions, it can make social divisions into political divisions
c. lead to conflict and violence
d. It can lead to disintegration of a country.
e. Example – civil war in Sri lanka ,disintegration of Yugoslavia.
Que.No.2: Discuses three factors that determine the outcome of politics of social division.
Ans: 1- People's perceptions
2- Raising the demands by political leaders
3- Reaction of government
Que.No.3: Distinguish between over lapping differences and cross- cutting social differences .
Ans: Overlapping Difference : 1. One kind of social difference becomes more important.
2. It creates the possibilities of deep social division
3. The difference between Blacks and whites in USA
4.Dalits and upper class in India
Cross-cutting Difference- 1 . When a group that share a common interest on one issue and are likely to be different in other issues
2. Easier to accommodate
3. In Netherlands the difference between Catholics and Protestants .
Important Questions NCERT Class 10 Social Science Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
Question. Which university has recently installed the statues of Tommie Smith and John Carlos in its campus?
Ans. In 2005, the San Jose State University installed a 20-foot high sculpture representing the protest by Tommie Smith and John Carlos.
Question. Explain the two basis of social differences with examples.
Ans. Different forms of social differences :
(i) Social differences are based on accident of birth, e.g., people around us are male and female, they are tall and short, have different kind of complexions, or have different physical abilities or disabilities.
(ii) Some differences are based on choices, e.g. some people are atheists. Some people choose to follow a religion other than the one in which they were born.
Question. What were the black gloved and raised clenched fists meant to do? Why did athletes do so?
Ans. To draw international attention to racial discrimination in the United States, the African- American athletes performed following activities :
(i) They received their models wearing black socks and no shoes to represent Black poverty.
(ii) When American national anthem was played, these two African-American athletes stood with clenched fists upraised and heads bowed.
(iii) The black gloved and raised clenched fists were meant to symbolise Black power.
Question. Mention any one characteristics of power sharing.
Ans. The people and the leaders respect the sentiments of different communities and religions.
Question. How is political expression of social division in democracy beneficial?
Ans. Every expression of social division in politics does not lead to disasters. Sometime, it is beneficial too.
(i) The various disadvantaged groups express their grievances and get the government to attend to the same.
(ii) Expression of various kinds of social divisions in politics often results in their cancelling one another out and thus, reducing their intensity.
(iii) Fight against injustice often takes a democratic path, voicing their demands in a peaceful and constitutional manner and seeking a fair position through elections.
Question. How far do the emergence of social difference lead to social division? Explain by giving a suitable example.
(i) If social differences cross-cut one another, it is difficult to avoid clashes between the groups holding different views.
(ii) It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides of a different issue.
(iii) For example, in Northern Ireland class and religion tend to cut across each other leading to social tensions.
Question. Give one example to show overlapping social difference create possibilities of deep social division and tensions.
Ans. The example of Catholics and Protestants and their conflicts in Northern Ireland.