CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sectors Of Indian Economy Important Questions

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sectors Of Indian Economy Important Questions. Students and teachers of Class 10 Social Science can get free advanced study material, revision notes, sure shot questions and answers for Class 10 Social Science prepared as per the latest syllabus and examination guidelines in your school. Standard 10 students should download this study material which will give them more knowledge for all chapters in Social Science and all important topics which are scoring and can get you more marks. Students should also download free pdf of Chapter wise Notes for Class 10 Social Science prepared by school teachers as per the latest NCERT, CBSE, KVS books and syllabus issued this year and also download free worksheets and question papers available here to get higher scores in school exams and tests, also click here for more Study Material for Class 10 Social Science

1 Marks Question:

Que.No.1:   What do mean by the term sectors?

Ans:  Sectors are the groups of various economis activities that are involved in the production of goods and services.

 

Que.No.2:   Which type of activity comes under the primary sector?

Ans: The activites like agriculture, fishing, minning, collection of goods, forestry etc. come under Primary Sector.

 

Que.No.3:   In which sector seasonal and disguised unemployement is most prevelent?

Ans:  In primary sector specially in agriculture seasonal and disguised unemployement is most prevelent.

 

Que.No.4:   Which types of activities do the secondary sector covers?

Ans:   Secondary sector covers activities of manufacturing & industries in which producer is involved in changing the natural products in a very useful product.

 

Que.No.5:   How is tertiary sector different from the primary and secondary sector?

Ans:    Tertiary Sector is quite different from primary and secondary sector because in tertiary sector people are involve in the production of services instead of goods.

 

Que.No.6   What is GDP?

Ans:  GDP is the Gross Domestic Product- It is the sum of total Production in the three sectors of a country in a year.

 

Que.No.7  Which sector is the largest employer in India?

Ans: The primary sector is the largest employer in India.

 

Que.No.8   What is disguised umemployement?

Ans:  When there are more than required persons are involved in production due to lack of jobs it is termed as Disguised umemployement. If we remove a few person from this the production will not be affected.

 

Que.No.9   What is the fullform of NREGA 2005?

Ans:  National Rural Employement Guarentee Act 2005. This is the act made in the year 2005 to ensure 100 days guarenteed employement in rural area.

 

Que.No.10    What is an organised sector?

Ans:  The organised sector is the sector where workers are employed on permanent basis, their terms of employement are regular, people have assured work, their working hours, saleries benefits and terms & condition of services are clearly specified.They are governed by the rules and regulations made by the government.

 

3 Marks Question:


Que.No.1: Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? Explain how.

Answer:  The classification of economic activities into primary, tertiary and secondary is useful on account of the information it provides on how and where the people of a country are employed. also this helps in ascertaining as to which sector of economic activity contributes more or less to the country’s GDP and per capita income.

If the tertiary sector is developing much faster than the primary sector, then it implies that agriculture is depleting, and the government must take measures to rectify this. The knowledge that the agricultural profession is becoming unpopular or regressive can only come if we know which sector it belongs to. Hence it is necessary to classify economic activities into these there sectors for smooth economic administration and development.

 

Que.No.2: For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should one focus on employment and GDP? Could there be other issues which should be examined? Discuss.

Answer: For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter, one should focus on employment and GDP because these determine the size of a country’s economy. A focus on employment and GDP helps determine two important things- per capita income and productivity. Hence, in each of the three sectors, employment rate and status as well as its contribution to the GDP help us understand how that particular sector is functioning and what needs to be done to initiate further growth in it. Yes, the other issues which should be examined are –

  •  Balanced regional development
  •  Equality in income and wealth among the people of the country.
  •  How to eradicate poverty
  •  Modernization of technology
  •  Self-reliance of the country
  •  How to achieve surplus food production in the country.

 

Que.No.3: How is the tertiary sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.

Answer: The tertiary sector different from other two sectors. This is because other two sectors produce goods but, this sector does not produce goods by itself. But the activities under this sector help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors. These activities are an aid or support for the production process. For example, transport, communication, storage, banking, insurance, trade activities etc. For this reason this sector is also known as service sector.

 

Que.No.4: What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with an example each from the urban and rural areas.

Answer: Disguised Unemployment is a kind of unemployment in which there are people who are visibly employed but are actually unemployed. This situation is also known as Hidden Unemployment. In such a situation more people are engaged in a work than required. For example:

In rural areas, this type of unemployment is generally found in agricultural sector like – in a family of 9 people all are engaged in the same agricultural plot. But if 4 people are with drawn from it there will be no reduction in output. So, these 4 people are actually disguisedly employed. · In urban areas, this type of unemployment can be seen mostly in service sectors such as in a family all members are engaged in one petty shop or a small business which can be managed by less number of persons.

 

Que.No.5: Distinguish between open unemployment and disguised unemployment.

Answer:

ChemistryEqbuli19

 

Que.No.6: “Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy.” Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Answer:  No, I do not agree with the statement that tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy. The tertiary sector has contributed vastly to the Indian economy, especially in the last two decades. In the last decade, the field of information technology has grown, and consequently, the GDP share of the tertiary sector has grown from around 40% in 1973 to more than 50% in 2003.

 


Que.No.7: Service sector in India employs two different kinds of people. Who are these?

Answer:

The service sector in India employs the following two different kinds of people. They are:

  •  The people involved in the services that may directly help in the production of goods. For example, people involved in the transportation, storage, communication, finance etc.
  •  The people involved in such services that may not directly help in the production of goods e.g. teachers, doctors, barbers, cobblers lawyers etc. They may be termed as ancillary workers means those who give services to the primary service providers.

 

ANSWERS OF 5 MARKS QUESTIONS:


Que.No.1: Diffenciate between Public and Private sector Industries?

Ans:

ChemistryEqbuli18

 


Que.No.2: Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation. 

Ans: In the following ways Public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation:

  • It promotes rapid economic development through creation and expansion of infrastructure.
  •  It creates employment opportunities.
  • It generates financial resources for development.
  •  It is ensuring equality of income, wealth and thus, a balanced regional development.
  •  It encourages development of small, medium and cottage industries.
  •  It ensures easy availability of goods at moderate rates.
  •  Contributes to community development i.e. to the Human Development Index (HDI) via health and educational services. 


Que.No.3:  Why is the tertiary sector becoming the most important sector in India?

Ans:  Over 30 years between 1985 and 2015, production in the tertiary sector has increased the most, and it has emerged as the largest producing sector in India replacing the primary sector.

Reasons for tertiary sector becoming more important in India:

i.  In any country several services such as hospitals, educational instituions, post and telegraph services, police station etc. are required these are called basic services in the developing countries the government has to take the resposibility for provision of these services.

ii.   Development of agriculture and industry leads to development of services like transport, trade, storage etc. Greater the development of the primary and secondary sectors more would be the demand for such services.

iii.  An income level rises people start demanding more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospital etc. specially in cities.

iv.   Over the past decade of or so, certain new services such as those based on information and communication technology have become important and essential. The production of these services has been rising rapidly.

 

Que.No.4: Explain the measures that can be adopted to create more employment?

Ans: Various ways tocreate more employment:

i.   Construction of dams and canals can lead to a lot of employement generation with in the agricultural sector itself reducing the problem of unemployement.

ii.   If govn. Invest some money on transportation and storage of crops or make better rural roads so that mini trucks reach every where, several farmers can continue to grow and sell their crops. This activity can provide productive employement not just to farmers but also to others who are in services like transport or trade.

iii.   If local Banks give credits at reasonable rates to the small and marginal farmers, they will be able to buy necessary inputs for their crops in time.

iv.   Similarly to provide education to all children, we would need more buildings, teachers and other staff which can also generate employement.

v.    To improve health situation we need health centers, hospitals, and for that doctors, nurses, workers are also needed.

 

Que.No.5: There has been a big change in the three sectors of the economic activities, but a similar shift has not taken place in the share of employement. Explain the above statement on the basis of facts?

Ans:

i.      Industrial output has increased by 8 times but employement in the sector has increased only by 2 to 5 times.

ii.     In the tertiary sector, the production of services rose by 11 times but employement in the services rose only by three times.

iii.    More than ½ of the workers in the country are working in the primary sector producing only one quarter of the goods.

iv.    Seconadary and tertiary sectors produce ¾ of the produce whereas, they only employee ½ of the countries workers.

v.     Primary sector has disguised employement where as workers in the seconadry and tertiary sectors work over time.

 

Tags: 

 


Click for more Social Science Study Material
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sectors Of Indian Economy Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Work Life and Leisure Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Challenges to Democracy Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Power Sharing Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Print Culture in the Modern World Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Manufacturing Industries Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Minerals and Energy Resources Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Resources and Development Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Nationalist movement in Indo China Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Consumer Rights Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Lifelines of the National Economy Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Democracy and Diversity Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Development Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Nationalism In India Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Maps of India
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Rise of Nationalism in Europe Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Gender Religion and Caste Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Globalisation and Indian Economy Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science The Making of A Global World Important Questions
Mind Maps Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Federalism Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Political Party Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Money and Credit Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science The Age of Industrialization Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Novels Society and History Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Outcomes of Democracy Important Questions
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Water Resources Important Questions

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE OMR Sheet Guidelines for Term 1

You are aware that the CBSE will be using OMR for the first time for assessment of both the Classes-X and XII in Term-I examinations. Hence, there is a need that all the students appearing in the Term-l examinations and the schools sponsoring these students should have...

CBSE Class 10 Revised Syllabus

Last year CBSE had to reduce the syllabus because of the pandemic situation but it was not very effective because there were no examinations. This year to avoid any confusion and conflict, CBSE has decided to reduce the syllabus into term 1 and term 2. 50 percent of...

CBSE Reading Challenge

The acquisition of 21st century competencies of communication, critical and creative thinking and the ability to locate, understand and reflect on various kinds of information has become more crucial for our learners. It is well accepted that Reading Literacy is not...

×
Studies Today